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Thanks, Mrs. Benefield, for creating this Quizlet set!


This is a short conclusion to a book usually written by someone other than the author.


This involves one or more reasons presented by a speaker or a writer to lead the audience or reader to a logical conclusion.


The logical, systematic presentation of reasoning and supporting evidence that proves the validity of a statement or position.

Author's Purpose

This is the reason for creating written work.


This is a list of written works or other sources on a particular subject.

Bold Print

This is done to part of a text to makes it stand out as a darker, sharper image. It is an organizational feature to locate specific information.


This is the explanation that goes with a picture or illustration.

Cause And Effect

This is the relationship between two or more events in which one event brings about another.

Central Argument

This is the dominant and controlling argument.

Central Idea

The key point made in a written passage; the chief topic.

Central Message

This is the theme of a story, novel, poem, or drama that readers can apply to life.


A type of diagram that represents large amounts of information graphically to make it more understandable.

Chronological Order

This is the arrangement of events in the order in which they occur.


This is the part of the plot where the conflict and tension reach a peak.

Compare And Contrast

This is a method of relating two or more objects in a piece of work.

Constructed Response

This is a type of writing assignment given on the HSAP test that requires students to "build" or respond to a reading passage. The response must give specific and relevant examples from the passage. This type of writing uses a 3-point scoring rubric.


the subject matter or material pertaining to a particular area of study or the essential components of a work

Controlling Idea

the author's opinion or the perspective he/she wants to convey expressed through the thesis statement for an essay, or through a topic sentence within an individual paragraph


This is part of the plot and is made up of any events that occur after the resolution in a literary work.


This is a piece of information that is used to support a main idea.


A general term for an illustration or visual representation of information. Types of these can include tables and graphs.


These are the instructions that tell how to do something.


This is placing a value or rank on a piece of writing or speaking.


This is the part of the plot that introduces the characters, the setting, and the basic situation.

Expository Text

This presents information, explains, or informs.

Expository Text

This is a mode of writing whose purpose is to convey information or to explain and establish the validity of an idea in a logical, clear, and concrete manner.

First-person Point Of View

This is a point of view in which the story is told by one of the characters.


This is a reference, explanation, or comment placed below the text on a printed page.


This is a short introduction to a book, usually written by someone other than the author.


This is a short, separated introduction to a book, usually written by the author.


This is a list found in the back of a book that gives definitions of unusual or hard words found in the text.

Graphic Adj.

-Depicted or represented with pictures or images. Noun- A picture, image or visual representation of information or an idea.

Graphic Organizer

This is a pictorial way of representing knowledge. It is used to help organize ideas and present information.

Graphic Source

This is a visual piece of information.


This is a title or subtitle at the beginning of a chapter, section, or unit of a text.


A drawing, painting, photograph or other visual representation made for explaining information or furthering understanding of an idea.

Implicit Directions

Directions that are clearly stated step-by-step within a passage.

Implied Meaning

This is a suggested, but not stated, definition.


This is an alphabetical list of items contained in a printed work. It is located in the back of the printed work and gives page numbers where items may be found in the work.


This is an alphabetical listing of names and topics along with the page numbers where the topics or names are discussed.


This is to get a conclusion from the facts or context; to figure out what is being implied by reading between the lines.


This is reading between the lines. It is taking something that you read and putting it together with something that you already know to make sense of what you read.

Informational Text

This is a type of real-world writing that presents information that is necessary or valuable to the reader.


This is the beginning of a written work that explains what will be found in the main part.

Limited View

This is a point of view, in which the narrator is outside the story, reveals the thoughts of only one character, and yet refers to that characters as 'he' or 'she'.


This is the reasoning used to reach a conclusion based on a set of assumptions, or it may be defined as the science of reasoning, proof, thinking, or inference.

Main Idea

This is the central and most important idea of a reading passage.


This is a drawing or picture that shows features of an area or particular part of the earth's surface.

Narrative Text

This tells the events and actions of a story.


"Third Person __________" is a point of view in which the narrator is outside the story and knows everything about the characters and events.

Order Of Importance

This is used when details are organized by degree of impact.


In writing, this is the trait of order, structure and presentation of information; It is the writing trait which measures logical sequencing of ideas, details, or events.


This is the restatement of a written work in one's own words that keeps the basic meaning of the original work.


This is a writer's point of view about a particular subject, and is often influenced by their beliefs or by events in their lives.


This is the series of events that happen in a literary work.

Point Of View

This is the perspective from which a story is told.


This is a short introduction to a novel, play, or long poem usually written by the author. It states the subject and/or purpose of the selection and gives background details.


This is a prepared performance, report, or demonstration for an audience.


This the first stage in the writing process, used to focus ideas and find good topics.


This method of structuring text focuses on defining an issue, then gives a possible remedy for the issue.


This is an author's intention, reason, or drive for writing the piece.

Reflective Writing

This type of writing style is characterized by deep, thoughtful insights.


This is an adjective that implies a thing closely relates to or is on the same subject matter; appropriate to the situation.


This is the part of the plot where the conflict is ended.

Rising Action

This is the part of the plot where the conflict and suspense build.

Schematic Diagram

This is a drawing, sketch, plan, or chart that makes something easier to understand through visual representation.


This is the order in which things happen.

Sequential Order

This is the chronological, or time, order of events in a reading passage.


This is a short piece of informative or descriptive material found next to a larger piece of writing, usually it is found in a box next to the main article.

Spatial Order

This is used when details are organized from one location to another.


This is a short title within an article that identifies the beginning of each new topic.


This is always a person, place, thing, or idea, that the sentence is about.


This is to state briefly.


to strengthen or substantiate an argument or idea by providing facts, details, examples and other information

Supporting Evidence

These are the facts or details that back up a main idea, theme, or thesis.

Supporting Sentence

This in a paragraph helps to clarify, describe, explain, or enhance the main idea of a paragraph.


This is to collect information on a topic and summarize, analyze or interpret it.


A diagram made to visually organize data in rows and columns.

Table Of Contents

This is a section found at the beginning of a text that lists the topics and page numbers in the order in which they occur in the text.

Technical Writing

This is writing that communicates specific information about a particular subject, craft, or occupation.


This is the main body of a piece of writing or any of the various forms in which writing exists, such as a book, a poem, an article, or a short story.

Text Features

These are common parts of nonfiction texts and are often used to design and organize pages. They help readers navigate the information and make predictions about what will be read.


This is the message, usually about life or society, that an author wishes to convey through a literary work.


In expository writing, this is the main point or central idea that a writer states and then endeavors to prove valid by means of a systematic argument.

Third Person Limited Point Of View

This is a point of view in which the narrator is outside the story and reveals the thoughts of only one character, who is referred to as "he" or "she."


This is a representation of a sequence of events.


This is a group of words which give the reader's first impression and set the tone for the writing.


This is the attitude that an author takes toward the audience, the subject, or a character.


This is the specific part of a subject that is dealt with in a research paper or in an essay.

Transitional Device

These are connecting words used to link your sentences and paragraphs together smoothly.

Universal Theme

This is the central message of a story, poem, novel, or play that many readers can apply to their own experiences, or to those of all people.


This is an expression of an opinion or standpoint.

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