Impaired ability to concentrate urine: polyuria, polydipsia
GI: anorexia, N/V, constipation, abdominal distention, paralytic ileus
Neuromuscular: weakness, fatigue, muscle cramps, paresthesia, paralysis
Cardiovascular: postural hypotension, ECG changes, dysrhythmias
CNS: confusion, depression
Low, shallow respirations.
Lethal cardiac dysrhythmias.
Lots of urine (polyuria)
- Increased bone resorption: increased PTH, neoplasms
- Changes in neural excitability: muscle weakness, atrophy, loss of muscle tone
- GI: N/V, anorexia, constipation
- Cardiovascular: hypertension, shortened QT interval, AV block
- Renal response to increased Ca2+ concentration: polyuria, polydipsia, kidney stones, renal insufficiency
•Skeletal - osteoporosis, osteopenia
Treatment - rehydration, loop diureticcs