46 terms

Cultural Geography

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Acculturation
the process of adapting to a new culture while still keeping some of one's original culture.
Animism
Belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life.
Modern architecture
architecture developed during the 20th century that expresses geometric, ordered forms.
Postmodern architecture
the design abandons the use of block rectilinear shapes in favor of wavy, crystalline, or bending shapes in the form of the home or building. Also known as contemporary.
commercial buildings
incorporates the efficiency and simplicity of modern architecture into a standard building design with squared walls and utilizes traditional materials stone, brick, steel and glass.
New England
small one story pitched roof "Cape Cod" style or the irregular roof "Salt Box" with one long pitched roof in front and a sort of low-angle roof in back.
Federalist/Georgian
housing styles of the late 1700s and early 1800s in Anglo-America.These are often 2 or 3 story urban townhouses connected to one another.
I-house
a loose form of Federalist and Georgian influence on the average family home in the US/Canada.
Christian structures
high bell towers; central steeple
Hindu structures
temples and shrines tend to have rectangular shaped main body and feature on or more short towers of carved stone. Often feature stepped sides and display carvings of heads and faces of deities. Ex: Angkor Wat, Cambodia.
Stupa
found in Nepal and tibet. A temple that has a dome or tower featuring a pair of eyes.
Pagoda
in east asia, a temple with several levels that each feature winged roofs extending outwards.
Minarets
Narrow towers that point on the top of mosques.
Assimilation
a complete change in the identity of a minority culture group as it becomes increasingly part of the majority culture group.
Components of Culture
art, architecture, language, music, film and television, food, clothing, social interaction, religion, folklore and land use.
Creole
incorporates continental French with African dialect sounds and vocabulary.
Culture
the shared experiences, traits and activities of a group of people who have common heritage.
Culture hearth
based on the idea that every culture has a localized area where it originated or has its main population center.
Culture regions
the homogeneous characteristic can be one or more components of culture such as language.
folk culture
Culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups.
folklore
The traditional beliefs, myths, tales, and practices of a people, transmitted orally.
Nation
population represented by a singular culture.
State
population represented by a single government
ethnicity
the national heritage of an individual
race
physical characteristics of a common genetic heritage.
mestizos
people who have cultural and genetic heritage from European and Native American backgrounds
mulattos
people who have mixed African and European heritage.
garifuna
native american and african peoples
Friedrich Ratzel
considered the father of modern human geography who built a large body of research on environmental determinalism.
Carl Sauer
debated and opposed the environmental determinists.
Possiblism
this ideology stated that cultures were to a partial degree shaped by their environment and the material resources available to them.
Environmental Determinalism
an ideology claiming that all aspects of culture were defined by physical geographic factors such as climate, landforms, mineral resources, timber, food, and water supplies
Indo-European Language Family
2.5 billion speakers
metes and bounds
land surveys used natural landscape feature to divide up land this way.
long-lot
these have narrow frontage along a road aor waterway with a very long lot shape behind.
township and range
based on lines of latitude and longitude
lingua franca
A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages
sequent occupancy
the notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape
social interaction
all types of movements and flows concerning human interaction.
staple food
the thing that fills you up, throughout history it has been mostly grains and starch
syncretism
mixed source belief (religions that are a blend of two or more)
Japan
bow
West
handshake
Europe
cheek kissing
universalizing religions
accept followers from all culture groups.
vernacular region
an area that people believe to exsist as part of their cultural identity (perceptual region)