38 terms

Word Wall Set - Colonies (Blue)

Words from Chapters 1-4
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Terms in this set (...)

Triangular Trade
Trade route across the Atlantic Ocean. Including 3 stops (North/South America, Europe, Africa)
Columbian Exchange
The exchange of goods from the "Old World" to the "New World" that included diseases, wiped out a large chunk of the Native American populations.
Indentured Servant
Person who exchanged their labor for passage to the New World. Usually worked for about 7 years.
Middle Passage
Journey across the Atlantic Ocean by captured Africans on slave ships. Harsh conditions
Cash Crops
Crops raised and sold for profit. Use of slaves on plantations
Puritans
Religious group from England that wanted to "purify" the Church of England. Colonized Massachusetts (Boston). Responsible for the Salem Witch Trials.
Mercantilism
Economic system used by England to grow rich off colonial trade. Colonies sent raw materials to England and were forced to purchase manufactured good from England.
Exports
Goods shipped to another country (sold)
Imports
Goods shipped from another country (bought)
Separatists
Religious group from England that wanted to "separate" from the Church of England. AKA "Pilgrims". Settled in Massachusetts (Plymouth)
Quakers
Religious group from England & Germany that believed in pacifism. Peaceful, anti slavery, saw all people as equal
apprentice
A young person learning a trade from a master
Mayflower Compact
The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony in 1620.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
First constitution in the colonies drafted that stated a government's authority rests upon the consent of the governed and expressed the will of the majority.
Virginia House of Burgesses
1619. First elected legilative assembly in the New World established in the Colony of Virginia. Served as an early model of elected government in the New World.
Representative Government
A system of government in which voters elect representatives to make laws for them
joint-stock company
a company in which investors buy stock in return for a share of its future profits
charter
a written document granting land and the authority to set up colonial governments
Great Awakening
a religious movement that swept through the colonies in the 18th century (1700s)
dissent
a difference of opinion
persecute
to mistreat a person because of his or her beliefs or differences
tolerance
acceptance
Anne Hutchinson
A Puritan woman who was well learned that disagreed with the Puritan Church in Massachusetts Bay Colony. Her actions resulted in her banishment from the colony, and later took part in the formation of Rhode Island. She displayed the importance of questioning authority.
Thomas Hooker
founded Connecticut due to his dissent with Puritans in Massachusetts; auhtor of The Fundament Orders of Connecticut (1639)—first written constitution
New England Colonies
Up north. Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Rhode Island. Shipbuilding and Fishing. Long cold winters, poor soil for crops
Middle Colonies
New York, New Jersey, Delaware, and Pennsylvania. It had fertile soil moderate winters warm summers and a good growing season and economy was based on farming "Breadbasket"
Southern Colonies
Maryland, Virginia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Georgia. Warm climate and rich soil = agriculture. Large plantations of tobacco, rice, and indigo. African slaves arrived in VA in 1619.
William Penn
A Quaker that founded Pennsylvania to establish a place where his people and others could live in peace and be free from persecution.
alliance
a joining together for some common purpose
immigrant
a person who comes to a country where they were not born in order to settle there
Parliament
England's law-making body and the colonies model for representative governement.
John Rolfe
brought tobacco to Jamestown, which saved this colony from failing, and he also was married to Pocahontas
John Smith
Helped found and govern Jamestown. His leadership and strict discipline helped the Virginia colony get through the difficult first winter.
debtor
person who owes money
subsistence farming
a way of farming in which the farm produces just enough income to support the farming family
French & Indian War
a war in North America between France and Britain (both aided by indian tribes)
Roger Williams
A dissenter, Roger Williams clashed with Massachusetts Puritans over the issue of separation of church and state. After being banished from Massachusetts in 1636, he traveled south, where he founded the colony of Rhode Island, which granted full religious freedom to its inhabitants.
Bacon's Rebellion
1676 - A rebellion lead by Nathaniel Bacon with back-country farmers to attack Native Americans in an attempt to gain more land. First Rebellion in the colonies