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complete; totally unlimited; certain
Although the King of Siam was an absolute monarch, he did not want to behead his unfaithful wife
without absolute evidence of her infidelity.
theoretical; not concrete; non-representational
To him, hunger was an abstract concept; he had never missed a meal.
coarsely insulting; physically harmful
An abusive parent damages a child both mentally and physically.
easy to approach; obtainable
We asked our guide whether the ruins were accessible on foot.
additional object; useful but not essential thing
She bought an attractive handbag as an accessory for her dress.
abnormal or deviant
Given the aberrant nature of the data, we came to doubt the validity of the entire experiment.
make impure by mixing with baser substances It is a crime to adulterate foods without informing the buyer.
lower; degrade; humiliate
Anna expected to have to curtsy to the King of Siam; when told to cast herself down on the ground before
him, however she refused to abase herself.
renounce; give up
When Edward VII abdicated the British throne, he surprised the entire world.
assist, usually in doing something wrong
She was unwilling to abet him in the swindle he had planned.
wretched; lacking pride
On the streets of New York the homeless live in abject poverty, huddling in doorways to find shelter from
His daily ablutions were accompanied by loud noises that he humorously labeled "Opera in the Bath."
Though Rudolph and Duchess Flavia loved one another, their love was doomed, for she had to wed the
king; their act of abnegation was necessary to preserve the kingdom.
Moses scolded the idol worshippers in the tribe because he abominated the custom.
rubbing away; tending to grind down
Just as abrasive cleaning powders can wear away a shiny finish, abrasive remarks can wear away a listener's
refrain; withhold from participation
After considering the effect of alcohol on his athletic performance, he decided to abstain from drinking
while he trained for the race.
If I accede to this demand for blackmail, I am afraid that I will be the victim of future demands.
adjust to climate or environment
One of the difficulties of our present air age is the need of travellers to acclimate themselves to their new
and often strange environments.
approach and speak first to a person
When the two young men accosted me, I was frightened because I thought they were going to attack me.
come about by addition
You must pay the interest that has accrued on your debt as well as the principal sum.
slightly sour; sharp; caustic
James was unpopular because of his sarcastic and acidulous remarks.
peak; pinnacle; highest point
Welles's success in Citizen Kane marked the acme of his career as an actor; never again did he achieve such
assent; agree passively
Although she appeared to acquiesce to her employer's suggestions, I could tell she had reservations about
the changes he wanted made.
deliverance from a charge
His acquittal by the jury surprised those who had thought him guilty.
sharp; bitterly pungent The acrid odor of burnt gunpowder filled the room after the pistol had been fired.
calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics
According to recent actuarial tables, life expectancy is greater today than it was a century ago.
addition; appendix to book
Jane's editor approved her new comparative literature text but thought it would be even better with an
addendum on recent developments in literary criticism.
In the wake of the scandal, the senator's one-time adherent quietly deserted him.
something attached to but holding an inferior position
I will entertain this concept as an adjunct to the main proposal.
staff officer assisting the commander; assistant
Though Wellington delegated many tasks to his chief adjutant, Lord Fitzroy Somerset, Somerset was in no
doubt as to who made all major decisions.
Most Americans were unaware of the advent of the Nuclear Age until the news of Hiroshima reached
He found this adventitious meeting with his friend extremely fortunate.
Batman struggled to save Gotham City from the machinations of his wicked adversary, the Joker.
Although he held a position of responsibility, he was an affable individual and could be reached by anyone
with a complaint.
His affected mannerisms irritated may of us who had known him before his promotion.
written statement made under oath
The court refused to accept his statement unless he presented it in the form of an affidavit.
joining; associating with
His affiliation with the political party was of short duration for he soon disagreed with his colleagues.
positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath
Despite Tom's affirmation of innocence, Aunt Polly still suspected he had eaten the pie.
attach or add on; fasten
First the registrar had to affix his signature to the license; then he had to affix his official seal.
Foreigners are amazed by the affluence and luxury of the American way of life.
Accustomed to being treated with respect, Miss Challoner was affronted by Vidal's offensive behavior.
items of business at a meeting
We had so much difficulty agreeing upon an agenda that there was very little time for the meeting.
It took weeks to assort the agglomeration of miscellaneous items she had collected on her trip.
increase or intensify; raise in power, wealth, rank or honor
The history of the past quarter century illustrates how a President may aggrandize his power to act
aggressively in international affairs without considering the wishes of Congress.
one who is skeptical of the existence of knowability of a god or any ultimate reality
The agnostic demanded proof before she would accept the statement of the minister.
highly excited; intensely curious
We were all agog at the news that the celebrated movie star was giving up his career in order to enter a
pertaining to land or its cultivation
As a result of its recent industrialization, the country is gradually losing its agrarian traditions.
He demonstrated his eagerness to serve by his alacrity in executing the orders of his master.
The changing of baser metals into gold was the goal of the students of alchemy.
Though their apartment lacked a full-scale dining room, an alcove adjacent to the living room made an
adequate breakfast nook for the young couple.
make hostile; separate
Her attempts to alienate the two friends failed because they had complete faith in each other.
The alimentary canal in our bodies is so named because digestion of foods occurs there.
payments make to an ex-spouse after divorce
Because Tony had supported Tina through medical school, on their divorce he asked the court to award
him $500 a month in alimony.
The crew tried to allay the fears of the passengers by announcing that the fire had been controlled.
story in which characters are used as symbols; fable
Pilgrim's Progress is an allegory of the temptations and victories of the human soul.
This should alleviate the pain; if it does not, we shall have to use stronger drugs.
repetition of beginning sound in poetry
"The furrow followed free" is an example of alliteration.
Try not to allude to this matter in his presence because the topic annoys him.
allured by the song of the sirens, the helmsman steered the ship toward the reef.
the allusions to mythological characters in Milton's poems bewilder the reader who has not studied Latin.
pertaining to soil deposits left by running water
The farmers found the alluvial deposits at the mouth of the river very fertile.
unselfishly generous; concerned for others
In providing tutorial assistance and college scholarships to hundreds of economically disadvantaged
youths, Eugene Lang performed a truly altruistic deed.
combine; unite in one body
The unions will attempt to amalgamate their groups into one national body.
Ever since the days of Greek mythology we refer to strong and aggressive women as amazons.
capable of using either hand with equal ease
A switch-hitter in baseball should be naturally ambidextrous.
unclear or doubtful in meaning
His ambiguous instructions misled us; we did not know which road to take.
the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes
Torn between loving her parents one minute and hating them the next, she was confused by the
ambivalence of her feelings.
moving at an easy pace
When she first mounted the horse, she was afraid to urge the animal to go faster than a gentle amble.
able to walk
He was described as an ambulatory patient because he was not confined to his bed.
Many social workers have attempted to ameliorate the conditions of people living in the slums.
readily managed; willing to be led
He was amenable to any suggestions that came from those he looked up to; he resented advice from his
correct; change, generally for the better
Hoping to amend his condition, he left Vietnam for the United States.
convenient features; courtesies In addition to the customary amenities for the business traveler -- fax machines, modems, a health club --
the hotel offers the services of a butler versed in social amenities.
Student exchange programs such as the Experiment in International Living were established to promote
loss of memory
Because she was suffering from amnesia, the police could not get the young girl to identify herself.
The amoral individual lacks a code of ethics; he should not be classified as immoral.
shapeless; vague; indeterminate
John was subject to panic attacks that left him prey to vague, amorphous fears: he knew he was terrified,
but could neither define nor explain the cause of his terror.
oval building with tiers of seats
The spectators in the amphitheater cheered the gladiators.
He had ample opportunity to dispose of his loot before his police caught up with him.
cut off part of body; prune
When the doctors had to amputate Ted Kennedy's leg to prevent the spread of cancer, he did not let the
loss of his leg keep him from participating in sports.
in a state of rage The police had to be called in to restrain him after he ran amok in the department store.
something or someone misplaced in time
Shakespeare's reference to clocks in Julius Caesar is an anachronism; no clocks existed in Caesar's time.
causing insensitivity to pain
The analgesic qualities of his lotion will provide temporary relief.
She called our attention to the things that had been done in an analogous situation and recommended that
we do the same.
Your analogy is not a good one because the two situations are not similar.
person who rebels against the established order
Only the total overthrow of all governmental regulations would satisfy the anarchist.
absence of governing body; state of disorder
The assassination of the leaders led to a period of anarchy.
secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place
We set the post in concrete to anchor it in place.
serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary
In an ancillary capacity Doctor Watson was helpful; however, Holmes could not trust the good doctor to
solve a perplexing case on his own.
short account of an amusing or interesting event
Rather than make concrete proposals for welfare reform, President Raegan told anecdotes about poor
people who became wealthy despite their impoverished backgrounds.
substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness
His monotonous voice acted like an anesthetic; his audience was soon asleep.
acute pain; extreme suffering
Visiting the site of explosion, Premier Gorbachev wept to see the anguish of the victims and their families.
|angular~sharp-cornered; stiff in manner
His features, though angular, were curiously attractive.
He resented the animadversions of his critics, particularly because he realized they were true.
He incurred the animosity of the ruling class because he advocated limitations of their power.
hostile feeling or intent
The animus of the speaker became obvious to all when he began to indulge in sarcastic and insulting
reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling
After the glass is annealed, it will be less subject to chipping and cracking.
comment; make explanatory notes
In the appendix to the novel, the critic sought to annotate many of the more esoteric references.
The annuity he set up with the insurance company supplements his social security benefits so that he can
live very comfortably without working.
He was placed in the anomalous position of seeming to approve procedures that he despised.
state of being nameless; anonymousness The donor of the gift asked the college not to mention him by name; the dean readily agreed to respect his
Despite his lawyers' best efforts to stop him, the angry prisoner continued to make antagonistic remarks to
The invention of the radiotelegraph anteceded the development of television by a quarter of a century.
preceding events or circumstances that influence what comes later; early life; ancestors
Before giving permission for Drummie to marry Estella, Miss Havisham had a few questions about the
young man's birth and antecedents.
The antediluvian customs had apparently not changed for thousands of years.
student of the history and science of humankind
Anthropologists have discovered several relics of prehistoric humans in this area.
having human form or characteristics
Primitive religions often have deities with anthropomorphic characteristics.
letdown in thought or emotion
After the fine performance in the first act, the rest of the play was an anticlimax.
His extreme antipathy to dispute caused him to avoid argumentative discussions with his friends.
Accustomed to editing his papers on word processors, Philip thought typewriters were too antiquated for
him to use.
substance that prevents infection
It is advisable to apply an antiseptic to any wound, no matter how slight or insignificant.
contrast; direct opposite of or to
This tyranny was the antithesis of all that he had hoped for, and he fought it with all his strength.
iron block used in hammering out metals
After heating the iron horseshoe in the forge, the blacksmith picked it up with his tongs and set it on the
He felt apathetic about the conditions he had observed and did not care to fight against them.
lack of caring; indifference
A firm believer in democratic government, she could not understand the apathy of people who never
bothered to vote.
imitate or mimic
He was suspended for a week because he had aped the principal in front of the whole school.
She discovered a small aperture in the wall, through which the insects had entered the room.
loss of speech due to injury or illness
After the automobile accident, the victim had periods of aphasia when he could not speak at all or could
only mumble incoherently.
An aphorism differs from an adage in that it is more philosophical or scientific.
a place where bees are kept
Although he spent many hours daily in the apiary, he was very seldom stung by a bee.
Wellington's nonchalance and aplomb in the heat of battle always heartened his followers.
prophetic; pertaining to revelations; especially of disaster
His apocalyptic remarks were dismissed by his audience as wild surmises.
untrue; made up
To impress his friends, Tom invented apocryphal tales of his adventures in the big city.
When the moon in its orbit is furthest away from the earth, it is at its apogee.
stroke; loss of consciousness followed by paralysis
He was crippled by an attack of apoplexy.
one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs
Because he switched from one party to another, his former friends shunned him as an apostate.
The Roman empress Livia envied the late emperor his apotheosis; she hoped that on her death she, too, would be exalted to the rank of a god.
Hamlet was uncertain about the identity of the apparition that had appeared and spoken to him.
We have discovered that, when we try to appease our enemies, we encourage them to make additional
diligent attention; (secondary meaning) apply
Pleased with how well Tom had whitewashed the fence, Aunt Polly praised him for his application.
He was always able to find the apposite phrase, the correct expression for every occasion.
estimate the value of
It is difficult to appraise old paintings; it is easier to call them priceless.
be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of
Little Orphan Annie truly appreciated the stocks Daddy Warbucks ave her, whose value appreciated
considerably over the years.
arrest ( a criminal); dread; perceive
The police will apprehend the culprit and convict him before long.
His apprehensive glances at the people who were walking in the street revealed his nervousness.
When he was apprised of the dangerous weather conditions, he decided to postpone his trip.
acquire; take possession of for one's own use
The ranch owners appropriated the lands that had originally been set aside for the Indians' use.
with reference to; regarding
I find your remarks apropos of the present situation timely and pertinent.
The counselor evaluated his aptitudes before advising him about the career he should follow.
He can be recognized by his aquiline nose, curved like the beak of the eagle.
person with power to decide a matter in a dispute; judge
As an arbiter in labor disputes, she has won the confidence of the workers and the employers.
unreasonable or capricious; tyrannical
The coach claimed the team lost because the umpire made some arbitrary calls.
act as judge
She was called upon to arbitrate the dispute between the union and the management.
place where different varieties of trees and shrubs are studied and exhibited
Walking along the treelined paths of the arboretum, Rita noted poplars, firs, and some particularly fine
a covered passageway, usually lined with shops
The arcade was popular with shoppers because it gave them protection from the summer sun and the
study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
The professor of archaeology headed an expedition to the Gobi Desert in search of ancient ruins.
"Methinks," "thee," and "thou" are archaic words that are no longer part of our normal vocabulary.
prototype; primitive pattern
The Brooklyn Bridge was the archetype of the many spans that now connect Manhattan with Long Island
and New Jersey.
group of closely located islands
When he looked at the map and saw the archipelagoes in the South Seas, he longed to visit them.
public records; place where public records are kept
These documents should be part of the archives so that historians may be able to evaluate them in the
heat; passion; zeal
Katya's ardor was contagious; soon all her fellow demonstrators were busily making posters and handing
out flyers, inspired by her ardent enthusiasm for the cause.
hereditary nobility; privileged class
Americans have mixed feelings about hereditary aristocracy:
fleet of warships
Queen Elizabeth's navy was able to defeat the mighty armada that threatened the English coast.
charge in court; indict
After his indictment by the Grand Jury, the accused man was arraigned in the County Criminal Court.
She liked to watch her motherarray herself in her finest clothes before going out for the evening.
Her articulate presentation of the advertising campaign impressed her employers.
products of primitive culture
Archaeologists debated the significance of the artifacts discovered in the ruins of Asia Minor and came to
The Trojan War proved to the Greeks that cunning and artifice were often more effective than military
a manually skilled worker
Artists and artisans alike are necessary to the development of a culture.
without guile; open and honest
Red Riding Hood's artless comment, "Grandma, what big eyes you have!" indicates the child's innocent
surprises at her "grandmother's" changed appearance.
President Marcos failed to maintain his ascendency over Philippines.
practicing self-denial; austere
The wealthy young man could not understand the ascetic life led by the monks.
preventing infection; having a cleansing effect
Hospitals succeeded in lowering the mortality rate as soon as they introduced asceptic conditions.
Your asinine remarks prove that you have not given this problem any serious consideration.
with a sideways or indirect look
Looking askance at her questioner, she displayed her scorn.
crookedly; slanted; at an angle
When he placed his hat askew upon his head, his observers laughed.
sharpness (of temper)
These remarks, spoken with asperity, stung the boys to whom they had been directed.
seeker after position or status
Although I am as aspirant for public office, I am not willing to accept the dictates of the party bosses.
When they assayed the ore, they found that they had discovered a very rich vein.
state strongly or positively; insist on or demand recognition of (rights, claims, etc).
When Jill asserted that nobody else in the junior class had such an early curfew, her parents Asserted
themselves, telling her that if she didn't get home by nine o'clock she would be grounded for the week.
I would like to have your assessment of the situation in South Africa.
It took Rembrandt weeks of assiduous labor before he was satisfied with his portrait of his son.
absorb; cause to become homogenous
The manner in which the United States was able to assimilate the hordes of immigrants during the
nineteenth and early part of the twentieth centuries will always be a source of pride.
something taken for granted; the taking over or taking possession of
The young princess made the foolish assumption that the regent would not object to her Assumption of
promise or pledge; certainty; self-confidence
When Gutherie gave Guiness his assurance that rehearsals were going well, he spoke with such assurance
that Guiness was convinced.
asteroids have become commonplace to the readers of interstellar travel stories in science fiction
eye defect that prevents proper focus
As soon as his parents discovered that the boy suffered from astigmatism, they took him to the
optometrist for corrective glasses.
relating to the stars
She was amazed at the number of astral bodies the new telescope revealed.
binding; causing contraction; harsh or severe
The astringent quality of unsweetened lemon juice made swallowing difficult.
|astronomical~enormously large or extensive
The government seemed willing to spend astronomical sums on weapons development.
place of refuge or shelter; protection
The refugees sought asylum from religious persecution in a new land.
not identical on both sides of a dividing central line
Because one eyebrow was set markedly higher than the other, William's face had a particularly asymmetric
resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; reversion to an earlier type;
Martin seemed an atavism to his Tuscan ancestors who lavished great care on their small plots of soil.
make thin; weaken
By withdrawing their forces, the generals hoped to attenuate the enemy lines.
testify; bear witness
Having served as a member of a grand jury, I can attest that our system of indicting individuals is in need
I attribute her success in science to the encouragement she received from her parents.
gradual wearing down
They decided to wage a war of attrition rather than to rely on all-out attack.
Audiences cheered as Luke Skywalker and Princess Leia made their audacious, death-defying leap to
freedom and escaped Darth Vader's troops.
examination of accounts
When the bank examiners arrived to hold their annual audit, they discovered the embezzlements of the
Visiting the palace at Versailes, she was impressed by the august surroundings in which she found herself.
sun's corona; halo
Many medieval paintings depict saintly characters with aureols around their heads.
pertaining to the aurora borealis
The auroral display was particularly spectacular that evening.
With favorable weather conditions, it was an auspicious moment to set sail.
His austere demeanor prevented us from engaging in our usual frivolous activities.
sternness; severity; lack of luxuries
The austerity and dignity of the court were maintained by the new justices, who were a strict and solemn
An expert was needed to authenticate the original Van Gogh painting, distinguishing it from its imitation.
favoring or exercising total control; non-democratic
The people had no control over their destiny; they were forced to obey the dictates of the authoritarian
having the weight of authority; dictatorial
We accepted her analysis of the situation as authoritative.
monarch with supreme power
He ran his office like an autocrat, giving no one else any authority.
mechanism that imitates actions of humans
Long before science fiction readers became aware of robots, writers were creating stories of automation
who could outperform humans.
This island is a colony; however, in most matters, it is autonomous and receives no orders from the mother
examination of a dead body; postmortem
The medical examiner ordered an autopsy to determine the cause of death.
offering or providing help; additional or sub-sidiary
To prepare for the emergency, they built an auxiliary power station.
secondary or minor occupation
His hobby proved to be so fascinating and profitable that gradually he abandoned his regular occupation
and concentrated on his avocation.
like an uncle
Avuncular pride did not prevent him from noticing his nephew's shortcomings.
pointed tool used for piercing
She used an awl to punch additional holes in the leather belt she had bought.
distorted; crooked He held his head awry, giving the impression that he had caught cold in his neck during the night.
self-evident truth requiring no proof
Before a student can begin to think along the lines of Euclidean geometry, he must accept certain
principles or axioms.
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