showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm His ebullient nature could not be repressed.
Some of his friends tried to account for his rudeness to strangers as the eccentricity of genius.
pertaining to the church
The minister donned his ecclesiastic garb and walked to the pulpit.
selective; composed of elements drawn from disparate sources
His style of interior decoration was eclectic: bits and pieces of furnishings from widely divergent periods,
strikingly juxtaposed to create a unique color.
darken; extinguish; surpass
The new stock market high eclipsed the previous record set in 1985.
person concerned with the interrelationship between living organisms and their environment
The ecologist was concerned that the new dam would upset the natural balance of the creatures living in
efficiency or conciseness in using something
Reading the epigrams of Pope, I admire the economy of his verse: in few words he conveys worlds of
rapture, joy; any overpowering emotion
The announcement that the war had ended brought on an ecstasy that resulted in many uncontrolled
swirling current of water, air, etc.
The water in the tide pool was still, except for an occasional eddy.
instruct; correct morally
Although his purpose was to edify and not to entertain his audience, many of his listeners were amused
and not enlightened.
inner excitement; exuberance
Nothing depressed her for long; her natural effervescence soon reasserted itself.
worn out; exhausted; barren
The literature of the age reflected the effete condition of the writers; no new ideas were forthcoming.
power to produce desired effect
The efficacy of this drug depends on the regularity of the dosage.
Air pollution has become a serious problem in our major cities; the effluvium and the poisons in the air are
hazards to life.
pouring forth; gushing
Her effusive manner of greeting her friends finally began to irritate them.
excessive interest in one's self; belief that one should be interested in one's self rather than in
His egoism prevented him from seeing the needs of his colleagues.
She thought so much of herself that we found her egotism unwarranted and irritating.
notorious; conspicuously bad; shocking
She was an egregious liar; we all knew better than to believe a word she said.
Barnum's sign "To the Egress" fooled many people who thought they were going to see an animal and
instead found themselves in the street.
overjoyed; in high spirits
Grinning from ear to ear, Bonnie Blair was clearly elated by her Olympic victory.
poem or song expressing lamentation On the death of Edward King, Milton composed the elegy "Lycidas."
cure-all; something invigorating
The news of her chance to go abroad acted on her like an elixir.
omission of words from a text
Sometimes an ellipsis can lead to a dangling modifier, as in the sentence "Once dressed, you should
refrigerate the potato salad.
oval; ambiguous, either purposely or because key words have been left out
An elliptical billiad ball wobbles because it is not perfectly round; an elliptical remark baffles because it is
not perfectly clear.
expressiveness; persuasive speech
The crowds were stirred by Martin Luther King's eloquence.
evasive; baffling; hard to grasp
His elusive dreams of wealth were costly to those of his friends who supported him financially.
At first, the attempts of the Abolitioninst to emancipate the slaves were unpopular in New England as well
as in the South.
ban on commerce or other activity
As a result of the embargo, trade with colonies was at a standstill.
commence; go on board a boat; begin a journey
In devoting herself to the study of gorillas, Dian Fossey embarked on a course of action that was to cost
her her life.
enclose; place in something
Tales of actual historical figures like King Alfred have become embedded in legends.
adorn My mother-in-law's stories about her journey from Russia made us laugh because she embellished the bare
facts of her travels with humourous acecdotes.
throw into confusion
He became embroiled in the heated discussion when he tried to arbitrate the dispute.
The evil of class and race hatred must be eliminated while it is still in an embryonic state; otherwise, it may
grow to dangerous proportions.
correction of errors; improvement
Please initial all the emendations you have made in this contract.
substance causing vomiting
The use of an emetic like mustard is useful in cases of poisoning.
After his appointment to this emiment position, he seldom had time for his former friends.
The secretary of State was sent as the President's special emissary to the conference on disarmament.
In addition to the emolument this position offers, you must consider the social prestige it carries with it.
ability to identify with another's feelings, ideas, etc
What made Ann such a fine counselor was her empathy, her ability to put herself in her client's place and
feel his emotions as if they were her own.
based on experience
He distrusted hunches and intuitive flashes; he placed his reliance entirely on empirical data.
As long as our political leaders emulate the virtues of the great leaders of this country, we shall flourish.
Some critics believe that his encomiastic statements about Napoleon were inspired by his desire for
material advancement rather than by an honest belief in the Emperor's genius.
high praise; eulogy
Uneasy with the encomiums expressed by his supporters, Tolkien felt unworthy of such high praise.
Although we were encompassed by enemy forces, we were cheerful for we were well stocked and could
withstand a siege until our allies joined us.
The encroachment of the factories upon the neighborhood lowered the value of the real estate.
fond word or act
Your gifts and endearments cannot make me forget your earlier insolence.
prevailinig among a specific group of people or in a specific are or country
This disease is endemic in this part of the world; more than 80 percent of the population are at one time or
another affected by it.
Everyone waited to see which one of the rival candidates for the city council the mayor would endorse.
Keats believed in the enduring power of great art, which outlast its creator's brief lives.
She was slow to recover from her illness; even a short walk to the window evervated her.
admit to the rights of citizenship (especially the right to vote)
Although blacks were enfranchised shortly after the Civil War, women did not receive the right to vote
attract; hire; pledge oneself; confront
"Your case has engaged my interest, my lord," said Holmes, "You many engage my services."
To receive praise for real accomplishments engenders self-confidence in a child.
Your chances for promotion in this department will be enhanced if you take some more courses in evening
command; order; forbid
The owners of the company asked the court to enjoin the union from picketing the plant.
ill will; hatred
At Camp David President Carter labored to bring an end to the enmity that prevented Egypt and Israel
from living in peace.
The monotonous routine of hopital life induced a feeling of ennui which made him moody and irritable.
hugeness (in a bad sense)
He did not realize the enormity of his crime until he saw what suffering he had caused.
The audience was enraptured by the freshness of the voices and the excellent orchestration.
The parents thought that their children were ensconced safely in the private school and decided to leave
As soon as the charter was adopted, the United Nations became an entity and had to be considered as a
factor in world diplomacy.
study of insects
I found entomology the least interesting part of my course in biology; studying insects bored me.
put under a spell; carry away with emotion
Shafts of sunlight on a wall could entrance her and leave her spellbound.
entrance; a way in
Because of his wealth and social position, he had entree into the most exclusive circles.
Opponents of our present tax program argue that it discourages entrepreneurs from trying new fields of
list; mention one by one
Huck hung his head in shame as Miss Watson enumerated his many flaws.
ornament worn on the shoulder (of a uniform, etc.)
The shoulder loops on Sam Spade's trench coat are the nonmilitary counterparts of the fringed epaulets on
George Washington's uniform.
long heroic poem, novel, or similar work of art
Kurosawa's film Seven Samurai is an epic portraying the struggle of seven warriors to destroy a band of
connoisseur of food and drink
epicures frequent this restaurant because it features exotic wines and dishes.
witty thought or saying, usually short
Poor Richard's epigrams made Benjamin Franklin famous.
short speech at conclusion of dramatic work
The audience was so disappointed in the play that many did not remain to hear the epilogue.
Though he tried to follow the plot of Gravity's Rainbow, John found the novel too episodic.
philosopher who studies the nature of knowledge
"What is more important, a knowledge of nature of the nature of knowledge?" the epistemologist asked the
inscription in memory of a dead person
In his will, he dictated the epitaph he wanted placed on his tombstone.
word or phrase characteristically used to describe a person or thing
So many kings of France were named Charles that modern students need epithets to tell them apart:
Charles the Wise, for example, was someone far different from Charles the Fat.
perfect example or embodiment
Singing "I am the very model of a modern Major-General" in The Pirates of Penzance, Major-General
Stanley proclaimed himself the epitome of an officer and a gentleman.
tranquil; steady; uniform
After the hot summers and cold winters of New England, he found the climate of the West Indies equable
calmness of temperament
In his later years, he could look upon the foolishness of the world with equanimity and humor.
rider on horseback
These paths in the park are reserved for equestrians and their steeds.
period of equal days and nights; the beginning of spring and autumn
The vernal equinox is usually marked by heavy rainstorms.
balance; balancing force; equilibrium
The high-wire acrobat used his pole as an equipose to overcome the swaying caused by the wind.
I am seeking an equitable solution to this dispute, one which will be fair and acceptable to both sides.
lie; mislead; attempt to conceal the truth
The audience saw through his attempts to equivocate on the subject under discussion and ridiculed his
pertaining to passionate love
The erotic passages in this novel should be removed as they are merely pornographic.
Many a charming tale has been written about the knights-errant who helped the weak and punished the
guilty during the Age of Chivalry.
His erudite writing was difficult to read because of the many allusions which were unfamiliar to most
prank; flighty conduct
The headmaster could not regard this latest escapade as a boyish joke and expelled the young man.
hard to understand; known only to the chosen few
New Yorker short stories often include esoteric allusions to obscure people and events: the implication is if
you are in the in-crowd, you'll get the reference; if you come from Cleveland, you won't.
In order to maintain its power, the government developed a system of espionage that penetrated every
repect; value; judge
I esteem Ezra Pound both for his exciting poetry and for his acute comments on literature.
relating to races
Intolerance between ethnic groups is deplorable and usually is based on lack of information.
underlying character of a culture, group, etc.
Seeing how tenderly Spaniards treated her small daughter made author Barbara Kingsolver aware of how
greatly children were valued in the Spanish ethos.
pertaining to the improvement of race
It is easier to apply eugenic principles to the raising of racehorses or prize cattle than t the development of
All the eulogies of his friends could not remove the sting of the calumny heaped upon him by his enemies.
mild expression in place of an unpleasant one
The expression "he passed away" is a euphemism for "he died."
Noted for its euphony even when it is spoken, the Italian language is particularly pleasing to the ear when
feeling of exaggerated (or unfounded) well-being
"Jill's been on cloud nine ever since Jacj asked her out," said Betty, dismissing her friend's euphoria.
Many people support euthanasia for terminally ill patients who wish to die.
For a brief moment, the entire skyline was bathed in an orange-red hue in the evanescent rays of the
not frank; eluding
Your evasive answers convinced the judge that you were witholding important evidence.
When he tried to answer the questions, he evinced his ignorance of the subject matter.
Do men and women receive evenhanded treatment from their teachers, or, as recent studies suggest, do teachers pay more attention to male students than to females?
The flock of sheep was made up of dozens of ewes, together with only a handful of rams.
This latest arrest will exacerbate the already existing discontent of the people and enrage them.
The colonies rebelled against the exacting financial claims of the mother country.
raise in rank or dignity; praise
The actor Alec Guinness was exalted to the rank of knighthood by the Queen; he now is known as Sir Alec
selected passage (written or musical)
The cinematic equivalent of an excerpt from a novel is a clip from a film.
He had been Chancellor of the exchequer before his promotion to the office he now holds.
cut away; cut out
When you excise the dead and dying limbs of a tree, you not only improve its appearance but also enhance
its chances of bearing fruit.
These shoes are so ill-fitting that they will excoriate the feet and create blisters.
curse; express abhorrence for
The world execrates the memory of Hitler and hopes that genocide will never again be the policy of any
put into effect; carry out
The choreographer wanted to see how well she could execute a pirouette.
explanation, especially of biblical passages
I can follow your exegesis of this passage to a limited degree; some of your reasoning eludes me.
show by example; furnish an example
Three-time winner of the Super Bowl, Joe Montana exemplifies the ideal quarterback.
effort; expenditure of much physical work
The exertion involved in unscrewing the rusty bolt left her exhausted.
dig out of the ground; remove from a grave
Because of the rumor that he had been poisoned, his body was exhumed in order that an autopsy might be
pertaining to existence; pertaining to the philosophy of existentialism
To the existential philosopher, human reason is inadequate to explain an irrational, meaningless universe.
The exodus from the hot and stuffy city was particularly noticeable on Friday evenings.
The people grumbled at his exorbitant prices but paid them because he had a monopoly.
drive our evil spirits
By incantation and prayer, the medicine man sought to exorcise the evil spirits that had taken possession of
the young warrior.
not native; strange
Because of his exotic headdress, he was followed in the streets by small children who laughed at his strange
talk at length
At this time, please give us a brief resume of your work; we shall permit you to expatiate later.
exile; someone who has withdrawn from his native land
Henry James was an American expatriate who settled in England.
suitable; practical; politic
A pragmatic politician, he was guided by what was expedient rather than by what was ethical.
specialized knowledge; expert skill
Although she was knowledgeable in a number of fields, she was hired for her particular expertise in
make amends for (a sin)
He tried to expiate his crimes by a full confession to the authorities.
interjection; profane oath
The sergeant's remarks were filled with expletives that offended the new recruits.
explain; interpret; clarify
Harry Levin explicated James Joyce's novels with such clarity that even Finnegan's Wake seemed
comprehensible to his students.
totally clear; definite; outspoken
Don't just hint around that you're dissatisfied: be explicit about what's bugging you.
deed or action, particularly a brave deed
Raoul Wallenberg was noted for his exploits in rescuing Jews from Hitler's forces.
make use of, sometimes unjustly
Caesar Chavez fought attempts to exploit migrant farmworkers in California.
explanatory; serving to explain
The mannual that came with my VCR was no masterpiece of expository prose: its explanations were so
garbled that I couldn't even figure out how to rewind a tape.
Despite the teacher's scoldings and expostulations, the class remained unruly.
risk, particularly of being exposed to disease or to the elements; unmasking; act of laying
Exposure to sun and wind had dried out her hair and weathered her face.
clean; remove offensive parts of a book
The editors felt that certain passages in the book had to be expurgated before it could be used in the
still in existence
Although the authorities suppressed the book, many copies are extant and may be purchased at exorbitant prices.
not planned; impromtu
Because his extemporaneous remarks were misinterpreted, he decided to write all his speeches in advance.
It is easier for us to extenuate our own shortcomings than those of others.
The Salem witch trials were a misguided attempt to extirpate superstition and heresy.
surrender of prisoner by one state to another
The lawyers opposed the extradition of their client on the grounds that for more than five years he had
been a model citizen.
not essential; external
Do not pad your paper with extraneous matters; stick to essential items only.
Based on their extrapolation from the results of the primaries on Super Tuesday, the networks predicted
that George Bush would be the Republican candidate for the presidency.
external; not inherent; foreign
Do not be fooled by extrinsic causes. We must look for the intrinsic reason.
person interested mostly in external objects and actions
A good salesperson in usually an extrovert, who likes to mingle with people.
abundant; effusive; lavish
His speeches were famous for his exuberant language and vivid imagery.
discharge; give forth
The maple syrup is obtained from the sap that the trees exude in early spring.