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European Renaissance and Reformation
Renaissance, Art, Luther, Reformation, Protestantism
Terms in this set (45)
The great period of rebirth in art, literature, and learning in the 14th-16th centuries, which marked the transition into the modern periods of European history
A renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers focused on human potential and achievements
worldly; not pertaining to church matters or religion; temporal
person who financially supports the arts
an artistic technique that creates the appearance of three dimensions on a flat surface
the everyday speech of the people (as distinguished from literary language)
Ruled Florence during the Renaissance, became wealthy from banking, spent a lot of money on art, controlled Florence for about 3 centuries
a scholar during the Renaissance who (because knowledge was limited) could know almost everything about many topics
Upper-class women also should know classics and be charming, they were not expected to seek fame. they should inspire art, seldomely create it. Little influence in politics
Italian sculptor renowned as a pioneer of the Renaissance style with his natural, lifelike figures, such as the bronze statue David.
Italian Renaissance artist that painted the Sistine Chapel ceiling and sculpted the statue of David.
was sculptor, painter, achitect, inventor, and mathmatician. considered well-rounded universal person., Renaissance man who painted The Last Supper and Mona Lisa
1483-1520 Short but productive life. Worked in Florence and Rome. Well-known for painting Madonnas, humanized portrayals of the Virgin Mary with the baby Jesus. Painted frescoes in Vatican Palace - espec. The School of Athens & The Triumph of Religion - reflect artist's strong interest in classical antiquity and Christian religion.
"Father of Humanism." studied classical Greek and Latin. introduced emotion in "Sonnets to Laura"
Renaissance writer; formerly a politician, wrote The Prince, a work on ethics and government, describing how rulers maintain power by methods that ignore right or wrong; accepted the philosophy that "the end justifies the means."
An extension of the Italian Renaissance to the nations Germany, Flanders, France, and England; it took on a more religious nature than the Italian Renaissance
German artist who lived from 1471-1528. Famous for his woodcuts and copper engravings. Influenced by Venetian artists, he was versed in classical teachings and humanism. He was also the first to create printed illustrations in books.
German portrait painter of the 1500s known for his photographic-like realism
Jan Van Eyck
Flemish painter who was a founder of the Flemish school of painting and who pioneered modern techniques of oil painting (1390-1441)
A Flemish painter that lived from 1525-1569. , captured scenes from peasant weddings, dances, harvests; painted proverbs that taught morals; portrayed large numbers of people; used vivid details and rich colors
a book by Sir Thomas More (1516) describing the perfect society on an imaginary island
Humanist. taught religion as a way of life. Wrote the "Praise of Folly"
English dramatist and poet; considered one of the greatest writers in the English Language
In 1450, he was able to create a printing press with movable type.
a pardon releasing a person from priestly-imposed punishments due for a sin
a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches
of or pertaining to or characteristic of the branch of the Protestant Church adhering to the views of Luther
christians who belonged to non-catholic churches
Peace of Augsburg
1555 agreement declaring that the religion (Catholic or Protestant) of each German state would be decided by its ruler
Relating to the Church of England, run by Queen Elizabeth I.
Martin Luther's ideas that he posted on the chuch door at Wittenburg which questioned the Roman Catholic Church. This act began the Reformation
Pope Leo X
began to sell indulgences to raise money to rebuild St. Peter's Basilica in Rome; tried to get Luther to recant his criticisms of the church; condemned him an outlaw and a heretic when he would not do so; banned his ideas and excommunicated him from the church
bands of angry peasants went about the countryside raiding monasteries, pillaging and burning because they demanded an end to serfdom and the control by the Catholic church. Martin Luther condemned it.
Holy Roman Emperor that tried to stop the spread of Protestantism in the German states.
(1491-1547) King of England from 1509 to 1547; his desire to annul his marriage led to a conflict with the pope, England's break with the Roman Catholic Church, and its embrace of Protestantism. Henry established the Church of England in 1532.
This queen of England chose a religion that combined the ideas of the Puritans and Catholics and required her subjects to attend church or face a fine. She also required uniformity and conformity to the Church of England
The belief that what happens in human life has already been determined by some higher power
believed in predestination, that God was all knowing and it became the dominant theological credo of the Puritans
government run by religious leaders
a member of a Protestant church governed by elders and founded on the teachings of John Knox
denied the idea of infant baptism, believed that baptism should be done only by adults who are fully aware of the decision they are making
a 16th century movement in which the Roman Catholic Church sought to make changes in response to the Protestant Reformation
Council of Trent
a meeting of Roman Catholic leaders, called by Pope Paul III to rule on doctrines criticized by the Protestant reformers
Also known as the Society of Jesus; founded by Ignatius Loyola (1491-1556) as a teaching and missionary order to resist the spread of Protestantism.
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