Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Terms in this set (120)
Which of the following statements accurately describes the Americas before the arrival of Europeans?
A diverse array of Native American groups had their own languages, cultures, and conflicts.
African enslavement of other Africans
involved the enslavement of criminals, debtors, and war captives.
A significant difference between the Vikings and Columbus was that
Columbus's voyages received far more publicity and would not be forgotten.
Who were the Native Americans who created the Great League of Peace?
Both the Aztec and Inca empires were
large, wealthy, and sophisticated.
After being severely weakened by a smallpox epidemic, the Hurons nearly disappeared due to attacks by whom?
After exploring the Atlantic coast in the late sixteenth century, an Englishman writes in his journal about untouched wilderness. What could this description mean to a European?
The English believed the land was theirs for the taking, despite the possible presence of Native Americans.
Who explored the Great Plains in the 1500s, but was considered a failure because he failed to find gold?
Francisco Vásquez de Coronado
According to Bartolomé de Las Casas,
Spain had caused the deaths of millions of innocent Native Americans in the New World
Which statement is accurate regarding the flow of goods in the Columbian Exchange?
Corn, tomatoes, potatoes, peanuts, tobacco, and cotton were introduced to Europe.
Anne Hutchinson's trial demonstrated that
colony leaders and church elders considered her a threat to their authority.
Which of the following statements is true of the Jamestown colony?
While about half of its settlers died in the first year, forced labor enabled it to survive.
For most New Englanders, Indians represented
How did contact with Europeans affect the hunting practices of Indians?
Indians invested more time in hunting beavers for their fur.
Who received most of the profits from trade between Native Americans and colonists?
colonial and European merchants
Compared to the Chesapeake colonies, New England had more economic equality because it had more
English writers compared Native Americans to what other people, claiming that both peoples' refusal to respect English authority and convert to English Protestantism was barbaric?
During the seventeenth century, indentured servants
had a great deal of trouble acquiring land.
Why did Puritans decide to emigrate from England in the late 1620s and 1630s?
The Church of England was firing their ministers and censoring their writings.
As leader of the Jamestown Colony, John Smith
used rigorous military discipline to hold the colony together.
England sought to attract which of the following to its American colonies in the eighteenth century?
Protestants from non-English and less prosperous parts of the British Isles.
Bacon's Rebellion was prompted by
the inability of Virginians to settle lands reserved for Indians.
According to New England Puritans, witchcraft
resulted from pacts that women made with the devil to obtain supernatural powers or interfere with natural processes.
Indians in eighteenth-century British America
were well integrated into the British imperial system.
England's Glorious Revolution of 1688
established parliamentary supremacy once and for all.
Bacon's Rebellion contributed to which of the following in Virginia?
the replacing of indentured servants with African slaves on Virginia's plantations
By the eighteenth century, colonial farm families
viewed land ownership almost as a right, a precondition of freedom.
Both King Philip's War and Bacon's Rebellion were conflicts that
started with disputes over Native American territory
Compared to Spanish and French colonists, how did British colonists tend to view the Indians?
as outside their collective colonial identity
How did the planter elites who lived in Charleston tend to view colonial society?
They saw themselves as aristocrats who knew how best to run South Carolina.
The development of rice plantations in South Carolina
led the colony to become the first mainland colony with a black majority and caused a growing divide to exist between white and black.
In South Carolina,
most enslaved people did field work under the task system, whereby individual slaves were assigned daily tasks.
How did American colonial politics compare with British politics?
Colonists tended to agree with the British that voting rights were tied to property ownership.
As a result of the transatlantic slave trade, what European products became especially popular in Africa?
textiles and guns
How did the enslaved tend to pursue freedom in the American colonies in the 1700s?
running away to places where they could pass as free
Prior to the introduction of rice, the early colony of South Carolina was partially centered on
the export of Indian slaves to the Caribbean.
The English finally succeeded in defeating the French in the Seven Years' War thanks to the leadership of
What right does Pontiac claim for Indians in his 1762 and 1763 speeches?
the right to occupy the land of their traditional territories
How did Enlightenment thinking influence the Spanish treatment of Indians?
There was a call for more humane treatment of Indians.
During the French and Indian War, how did the Quakers uphold their principles?
They refused to endorse the war and resigned their colonial assembly seats.
Americans were not represented in the House of Commons, and therefore felt they were being taxed without their consent. What rallying cry did this lead to?
"No taxation without representation!"
In the Declaration of Independence, what justification did Thomas Jefferson provide as the basis for breaking with Britain?
Because government derived from the "consent of the governed," the governed had the right to remove that consent.
At the first Continental Congress, who declared, "I am not a Virginian, but an American"?
In what ways was Thomas Paine's Common Sense similar to Thomas Jefferson's Declaration of Independence?
Both showed how a king can be a tyrant.
A key consequence of the Battle of Saratoga in October 1777 was
France becoming an ally to the United States.
How did the Stamp Act differ from the Sugar Act?
Whereas the Stamp Act affected, and therefore offended, a large portion of the colonial population, the Sugar Act mainly affected residents of colonial ports.
John Adams recommended George Washington as commander of the Continental army because
he believed that Washington's being a southerner could help unify the colonists.
Why did colonists object to the Tea Act?
By paying it, they would be acknowledging Great Britain's right to tax the colonists.
In the winter of 1776-1777, Washington won important victories that improved American morale. These battles were at
Trenton and Princeton, New Jersey.
The Sons of Liberty
enjoyed support from New York craftsmen and laborers.
Abolition laws in the North
ended slavery in the northern states in a drawn-out process that took decades.
For which three accomplishments did Thomas Jefferson wish to be remembered?
he Declaration of Independence, the University of Virginia, the "Bill for Establishing Religious Freedom"
What caused the largest geographic movement of slaves from plantations in the South before the Civil War?
Slaves voluntarily deserted their owners to flee to British lines during the Revolutionary War.
criticized the absolute power that husbands exercised over wives.
Why did John Adams believe that land ownership was vital to society?
If more people owned land, it would be less likely that fixed and unequal social classes would emerge.
Which statement best represents how the founders viewed the United States' role in the world?
as a refuge for persecuted and oppressed people of every nation
What key role did Loyalist exiles serve in Canada?
They helped inspire future rebellions in Canada.
As a result of greater religious freedom, the number of religious denominations in the early republic
Following the Revolution, what word became forever linked with freedom?
After the American Revolution, who held the balance of power between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River?
By banning the importation of slaves by 1808 with the Constitution, what did critics of slavery hope to accomplish?
They hoped cutting off the supply would eventually end slavery in the United States.
Who said, "Liberty may be endangered by the abuses of liberty as well as the abuses of power"?
Which statement is true regarding Native Americans' status in the new nation?
Indian tribes had no representation in the new government.
Who in the nineteenth century used the words "We the people" from the Constitution to claim that the southern states could not secede from the Union?
In the 1780s, settlers in western areas such as Tennessee and Kentucky
believed they had a right to take possession of western lands and use them as they saw fit.
Which of the following statements encapsulates Thomas Jefferson's idea of an "empire of liberty"?
Those living in the western territories were to be treated as political equals.
Which of the following was an advantage possessed by the United States in the decades following the Revolution?
physical isolation from Europe that helped prevent American involvement in European wars during the period
believed that wealthy men from elite families should rule the country.
Which of the following was a geographic boundary of the area known as the Northwest Territory?
How did Thomas Jefferson react to Shays's Rebellion?
He was not alarmed, seeing it as a positive for the United States.
Thomas Jefferson's original Kentucky resolution served as an argument for what?
The candidates in the 1796 election were Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr versus
John Adams and Thomas Pinckney.
What is true about the Federalists?
They supported close ties to Britain.
How did the French Revolution affect America?
It deepened existing political differences in America.
After Andrew Jackson defeated hostile Creeks in Alabama during the War of 1812,
he required the tribe to cede more than half its land to the federal government.
What was a result of the War of 1812?
Indians lost a great deal of land in the South.`
After becoming president, how did Thomas Jefferson deal with the Federalists?
He tried to roll back almost everything they had done by cutting taxes and the size of government.
Alexander Hamilton's long-term goal was to
make the United States a major commercial and military power.
a guide and interpreter for the Lewis and Clark expedition.
Jefferson's Embargo Act
aused economic depression within the United States.
Which was a result of the Panic of 1819?
Some states suspended debt collections.
What did critics of the John Quincy Adams presidency accuse him of?
leading the federal government to overstep the bounds of what was constitutionally allowed
Which was the last tribe to put up resistance on the battlefield in the Old Northwest?
What did Andrew Jackson symbolize to most Americans during the "Age of Jackson"?
the triumph of political democracy
Which tribes were targeted by the Indian Removal Act of 1830?
the Five Civilized Tribes
Which statement is true in regard to democracy in the Age of Jackson?
The justification for the disenfranchisement of women was similar to that used against blacks.
Andrew Jackson's inauguration was
a large, rowdy event.
Andrew Jackson's inauguration was
a large, rowdy event.
In his Cherokee Nation v. Georgia opinion, Chief Justice John Marshall stated that
Indians were wards of the federal government.
Both Thomas Jefferson and John Quincy Adams suggested that the Missouri controversy of 1820-1821
revealed a sectional divide that potentially threatened the Union.
How did abolitionists expand on the Christmas holiday in the decades before the Civil War?
They helped to create the idea of a Christmas shopping season.
Frederick Douglass wrote, "When the true history of the antislavery cause shall be written, __________ will occupy a large space in its pages."
By 1840, the temperance movement in the United States had
encouraged a substantial decrease in the consumption of alcohol.
How did Frederick Douglass characterize celebrating the Fourth of July?
How did abolitionists portray those working in northern factories?
as the embodiment of freedom
By 1840, how many northerners had joined abolitionist organizations?
How did the abolitionist movement that arose in the 1830s compare to earlier antislavery efforts?
The later movement drew much more on the religious conviction that slavery was an unparalleled sin and needed to be destroyed immediately.
The Declaration of Sentiments condemned the "injuries and usurpations" of
men against women.
The organized abolitionist movement split into two wings in 1840, largely over
a dispute concerning the proper role of women in antislavery work.
How did the abolitionists link themselves to the nation's Revolutionary heritage?
They seized on the preamble to the Declaration of Independence as an attack against slavery.
During his debate with Abraham Lincoln in Freeport, Illinois, Stephen Douglas
insisted that popular sovereignty was compatible with the Dred Scott decision.
In the Dred Scott decision, what was the primary reason given by Chief Justice Roger B. Taney for refusing to consider blacks American citizens?
Blacks had been considered inferior in America for more than a century, including by the founding fathers.
Who led the raid on the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia, in 1859?
As a result of the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850,
the thousands of black refugees that sought safety in Canada challenged the image of the United States as an asylum for freedom.
How did the Confederate Constitution differ from the federal Constitution?
It explicitly guaranteed the right to own slaves.
In 1860, which state became the first to pass an ordinance of secession and declare itself separated from the Union?
Why did the southern states secede from the Union and form the Confederacy?
They wanted to preserve slavery.
During the secession winter of 1860-1861, who offered the most widely supported compromise plan in Congress, which allowed the westward extension of the Missouri Compromise line?
The American Civil War began in April 1861, when
Confederate forces fired upon and captured Fort Sumter.
During the Mexican War
for the first time, U.S. troops occupied a foreign capital.
President Abraham Lincoln
suggested, in his second inaugural address in March 1865, that the whole nation was complicit in the sin of slavery.
In his last speech, Lincoln said what regarding postwar policy?
There should be at least limited black suffrage.
the nation suffered more casualties than on any other day in its history.
At the first Battle of Bull Run
spectators from the city came to watch.
Approximately how many Union and Confederate soldiers died during the Civil War?
During the first two years of the war, Union forces were generally
more successful in the West than in the East
Lincoln's issuance of an emancipation proclamation
followed the narrow Union victory in the Battle of Antietam.
General Sherman marched from Atlanta to the sea in order to
demoralize the South's civilian population.
In July 1863, the Union won two key victories that are often identified as turning points in the war. These victories occurred at
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, and Vicksburg, Mississippi.
How did Frederick Douglass describe the abolition of slavery?
as the beginning of a new task for the nation
Recommended textbook explanations
HMH Social Studies American History: Reconstruction to the Present Guided Reading Workbook
The American Vision: Modern Times (California)
Alan Brinkley, Albert S. Broussard, Donald A. Ritchie, James M. McPherson, Joyce Appleby
American Anthem: Modern American History (California)
Deborah Gray White, Edward L. Ayers, Jesús F. de la Teja, Robert D. Schulzinger
Sets found in the same folder
Unit 2A History Test (Chapter 6-7)
American History Chapter 21
Chapter 3 (Part 1) | Mid-Term 1301
Chapter 6 Inquizitive
Sets with similar terms
EARLY AMERICAN HISTORY FINAL-PART 1
8.04 Semester Assesment
US History Midterm Review to 1877
Other sets by this creator
World Civ 1
vocab week 4
Other Quizlet sets
1.1 Accounting: The Language of business
Bell Questions #3
Sociology Final Exam
Where was the Proclamation Line of 1763?
What is a congressional budget office?
How did Congress respond to the rise of the Ku Klux Klan in the late 1860s and early 1870s?
true or false: President William Howard Taft is most closely associated with "Dollar Diplomacy" and President Woodrow Wilson is most closely associated with "Moral Diplomacy."