18 terms

Erving Goffman pp. 142-149

A view of social life as a series of dramatic performances akin to those that take place in the theater
- in front stage actors often try to convey impression they are closer to audience than they actually are
To Goffman, a sense of who one is that is a dramatic effect emerging from the immediate dramaturgical scene being presented
- people try to present idealized picture of themselves in front stage performances
- feel they must hide things in their performances
Impression Management
The techniques actors use to maintain certain impressions in the face of problems they are likely to encounter and the methods they use to cope with these problems
Front Stage
That part of a dramaturgical performance that generally functions in rather fixed and general ways to define the situation for those who observe the performance
- fronts tend to be selected and not created, Goffman
- awe, in turn, keeps audience involved in process
- often seek to maintain credibility of performance by keeping distance from performer
- each member reliant on others because all can disrupt performance
- also all are aware that an act is being put on
The physical scene that ordinarily must be there if the actors are to engage in a dramaturgical performance
Personal Front
Those items of expressive equipment that the audience identifies with the performers and expects them to carry with them into the setting
The way the actor looks to the audience; especially those items that indicate the performer's social status
The way an actor conducts himself; tells the audience what sort of role the actor expects to play in the situation
Role Distance
The degree to which individuals separate themselves from the roles they are in
- role distance is a function of one's social status
- high status people often manifest role distance for reasons other than those of people in low-status positions
An effort by actors to confound their audience by restricting the contact between themselves and the audience, concealing the mundane things that go into their performance
Any set of individuals who cooperate in staging a single performance
Back Stage
Where facts suppressed in the front stage or various kinds of informal actions may appear. A back stage is usually adjacent to the front stage, but it is also cut off from it. Performers can reliably expect no members of their front audience to appear in the back
- performance likely to become difficult when actors are unable to prevent audience from entering back stage
Virtual Social Identity
What a person ought to be
Actual Social Identity
What a person actually is
A gap between virtual and actual social identity
Discredited Stigma
The actor assumes that the stigma is known by the audience members or is evident to them
Discreditable Stigma
The stigma is neither known by audience members nor discernible by them
Neither front nor back; literally outside the realm of the performance
- idea that no area is always one of these three areas (front stage, back stage, outside)
- a given area can occupy all three domains at different times