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27 terms

Apush exam:party system

Arcs and quizzes from the sheets given to us by Mrs.Mulling.
STUDY
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First two party system 1780 1801
Federalists v republicans
Federalists
Strong central government
Loose Interpretation of constitution
Strongest in NE
Wanted close ties with Britain
Order and stability
Republicans 1801
States rights
Strict interpretation of const
Rural and agricultural life
South and west was strongest
Trust in ppl and civil liberties
Second two party system 1836-1850
Democrats v Whigs
Democrats 1836-1850
Wanted tradition
Spoke to fears of Americans
Opposed banks and corporations
Jeffersonians who favored rural life
Territorial expansion v land by war
Slavery states rights
Whigs
Modernization
Looked to the future
Use federal and states to promote economic growth in transportation and banks
Temperance schools and prison reforms
Urbanization over farms
Federal rights commercial expansion
Favored by the northerners
Mid 19th century political crisis
Liberty party free soil party Whigs American party republican party
Liberty party 1850s
1844 abolitionist James birney ran
Mainly took votes from Whigs
Free soil party
Not for abolition but did not want the expansion of slavery
Won ten% of pop vote with Martin van buren
Lost a lot of support in1852 when their candidate repudiated compromise of 1850
Whigs 1850s
Split over slavery
Southern Whigs : cotton Whigs eventually turned democratic
Northern Whigs: moved to free soil and eventually repubs
Republicans 1850s
Free labor opposed expansion of slavery
Ab lincoln and others believed slavery was morally wrong but ok cause constitution allowed it
Election of 1860
Democrats v republicans
Democrats of 1860
Split at 1860 convention over slavery
Stephen Douglas Anti slavery demo
John breckenridge pro slavery demo
Republicans of 1860
Opposed slavery which drew in northerners
Politics of gilded Age
Repubs demos populists
Repubs demos in gilded age
Party differences are little
Both parties were pro business
Both opposed economic radicalism
Both wanted sound currency
Repubs dominate senate demos in house
Republican split groups during gilded age
Stalwarts half breeds mugwumps
Populist party gilded age
1891 by farmers alliance
Demands that included: free coinage of silver
Govt ownership of rr telegraphs and telephone lines
Direct election of senators
Use of initiative referendum and recall
Eventually fades cause farmers situations improved and agenda was taken on by other parties
Progressive era politics
1900-1920 laissez faire system
Reform progress reform progress
Principles of science to economics social and political aspects
Govt needed to work for good of community state and nation
Political parties were seen as corrupt
Progressive presidents and amendments
Roosevelt Taft Wilson
16 17 18 19
Republican era
1921 to 1933 presidents and congress dominated by republicans
Pro business
Conflicts with immigration prohibition and race relations
Political legacy of new deal
Creates a democrat party that would dominate politics 1933-1952.
New deal included ethnic groups, city dwellers,organized labor, blacks
Expanded social securities increased minimum wage full employment program slum clearance public housing government sponsorship in science research
Dixicrats
Souern conservative democrats
Oppossed civil rights plank
Nominated south Carolina governor storm Thurmond for president
Post world war 2 politics
Democrats v republicans
Democrats post ww2
Adlai Stevenson.
Gets the civil rights act and voting rights act
Republicans post ww2
Pro business Eisenhower
Promise to end Korean war
Oppose civil rights legislation
Nixons new federalism
Democrats Hubert Humphrey and support reproductive rights
Republicans:Richard Nixon small govt anti war and defender of the silent majority
Wanted to cut back federal power known as new federalism