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59 terms

Female Reproductive System

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paramesonephric duct
Female reproductive tract develops from the _____ because of the absence of testosterone and mullerian inhibiting factor.
internal
The ovaries , uterine tubes, uterus and vagina are considered _____ genitalia of the female reproductive system
external
The clitoris,labia minora and labia major are considered _____ genitalia of the female reproductive system.
ovaries
The primary sex organs for female is the _____
ovaries
The female gonads are the ____ which produce cells(ova) and sex hormones.
ovarian fossa
The ovary is an almond shaped organ nestled in the ________, a depression in the posterior pelvic wall
tunica albuginea
The capsule of the ovary is like that of the testis and is called the _______.
cortex, medulla
The interior of the ovary is indistinctly divided into an outer ___, where the germ cells develop, and a central ___ occupied by the major arteries and veins
follicle
Each egg develops into its own fluid-filled bubblelike ___
ovulation
The follicle is released by ____, which is the bursting of the follicle
ovarian ligament, suspensory ligament
The median pole of the ovary is attached to uterus by the ______ and its lateral pole is attached to the pelvic wall by the ________
mesovarium
The anterior margin of the ovary is anchored by a peritoneal fold called the _______
broad ligament
The mesovarium extends to a sheet of peritoneum called the _____, which flanks the uterus and encloses the uterine tube in superior margin
ovarian branch of the uterine artery , ovarian artery
The ovary receives blood from two arteries the _____ and ________
uterine tube(oviduct, fallopian tube)
_____ is a canal from the ovary to the uterus.
infundibulum
At the distal(ovarian) end the fallopian tube flares into a trumpet shaped ______
Fimbriae
The infundibulum of the fallopian tube has feathery projections called ______
ampulla
The middle and longest part of the uterine tube
mesosalpinx
The uterine tube is enfolded in the ___. which is the superior margin of the broad ligament
uterus
_____is a thick muscular chamber that opens into the roof of the vagina and usually tilts forward over the urinary bladder.
uterus
_____ function is to harbor the fetus, provide a source of nutrition and expel the fetus at the end of its development
cervix
The inferior end of the uterus is called the _____
cervical canal
The lumen communicates with the vagina by way of a narrow passage through the cervix called the __________
internal os
The superior opening of the cervical canal into the body of the uterus is the _____
external os
The opening of the cervical canal into the vagina is the _____
cervical glands
Found in the cervical canal that secrete mucus and are thought to prevent the spread of microorganisms from the vagina to the uterus
perimetrium, myometrium, endometrium
The uterine wall consists of an external serosa called _____, a middle muscular layer called the _____ and a inner mucosa called the _____
myometrium
The ____ constitutes most of the uterine wall
endometrium
The inner lining of the uterus or mucosa, is called the _____ which has a simple columnar epithelium.
stratum functionalis
The superficial half to two thirds of the endometrium that is shed in each menstrual period is called the _______
stratum basalis
The deep layer of the endometrium that stays behind and regenerates a new functionalis in the next cycle
endometrium
When pregnancy occurs, the ______ is the site of attachment of the embryo and forms the maternal part of the placenta form which the fetus is nourished
mesometrium
Part of the broad ligament is the _____ on each side of the uterus
cardinal (lateral cervical) ligaments
The cervix and superior part of the vagina are supported by ____ extending to the pelvic wall.
uterosacral ligaments
A pair of _____ attach the posterior side of the uterus to the sacrum
round ligaments
_____arise from the anterior surface of the uterus, pass through the inguinal canals and terminate in the labia majora
vesicouterine pouch
extensions of the peritoneal cavity that forms the space between the uterus and the urinary bladder
rectouterine pouch
extensions of the peritoneal cavity between the uterus and rectum are called the _____
uterine artery
_____arises from each internal iliac artery and travels through the broad ligament to the uterus. It gives off branches that penetrate into the myometrium and lead to arcuate arteries
vagina
A tube that allows for the discharge of menstrual fluid, receipt of the penis and semen, and birth of a baby. It tilts posteriorly between the urethra and rectum.
transudation
The vagina has no glands, but is lubricated by ____"vaginal sweating"
fornices
The vagina extends slightly beyond the cervix and forms blind-ended spaces call _____
vaginal rugae
The lower end of the vagina has transverse friction ridges or ___, which stimulate the penis and help induce ejaculation
hymen
At the vaginal orifice, the mucosa folds inward and forms a membrane, the ___, which stretches across the opening.
simple cuboidal, stratified squamous
The vaginal epithelium is ________ in childhood , but the estrogens of puberty transform it into a ______epithelium.
metaplasis
the transformation of one tissue type to another.
dendritic cells
The mucosa also has antigen presenting ______, which are a route by which HIV from infected semen invades the female body
vulva(pudendum)
The external genitalia of the female occupy most of the perineum and are collectively called the ____; they include the mons pubis, labia major and minor, clitoris, vaginal orifice, and accessory glands and erectile tissues
mons pubis
____consists mainly of a mound of adipose tissue overlying the pubic symphysis , bearing most of the pubic hair.
labia majora
_____ are a pair of thick folds of skin and adipose tissue inferior to the mons
pudendal cleft
Slit betwen the labia major is the ______
labia minora
Medial to the labia majora are the much thinner , entirely hairless _______
clitoris
The _____ is structured like the penis in many respects, but has no urinary pole. Its function is entirely sensory
-has no corpus spongiosum
-almost entirely internal
breast
a mound of tissue overlying the pectoralis major
mammary gland
develops within the breast during pregnancy, remains active in the lactating breast and atrophies when a woman ceases to nurse
areola
The nipple is surround by a circular colored zone called the _____
areolar glands
visible small bumps of the surface of the breast
suspensory ligaments
attach the breast to the dermis of the overlying skin and to the fascia of the pectoralis major
lactiferous duct, lactiferous sinus
Each lobe of the breast during pregnancy is drained by a ______, which dilates to form a _____ opening onto the nipple