Female reproductive tract develops from the _____ because of the absence of testosterone and mullerian inhibiting factor.
The ovaries , uterine tubes, uterus and vagina are considered _____ genitalia of the female reproductive system
The clitoris,labia minora and labia major are considered _____ genitalia of the female reproductive system.
The ovary is an almond shaped organ nestled in the ________, a depression in the posterior pelvic wall
The interior of the ovary is indistinctly divided into an outer ___, where the germ cells develop, and a central ___ occupied by the major arteries and veins
ovarian ligament, suspensory ligament
The median pole of the ovary is attached to uterus by the ______ and its lateral pole is attached to the pelvic wall by the ________
The mesovarium extends to a sheet of peritoneum called the _____, which flanks the uterus and encloses the uterine tube in superior margin
ovarian branch of the uterine artery , ovarian artery
The ovary receives blood from two arteries the _____ and ________
The uterine tube is enfolded in the ___. which is the superior margin of the broad ligament
_____is a thick muscular chamber that opens into the roof of the vagina and usually tilts forward over the urinary bladder.
_____ function is to harbor the fetus, provide a source of nutrition and expel the fetus at the end of its development
The lumen communicates with the vagina by way of a narrow passage through the cervix called the __________
Found in the cervical canal that secrete mucus and are thought to prevent the spread of microorganisms from the vagina to the uterus
perimetrium, myometrium, endometrium
The uterine wall consists of an external serosa called _____, a middle muscular layer called the _____ and a inner mucosa called the _____
The inner lining of the uterus or mucosa, is called the _____ which has a simple columnar epithelium.
The superficial half to two thirds of the endometrium that is shed in each menstrual period is called the _______
The deep layer of the endometrium that stays behind and regenerates a new functionalis in the next cycle
When pregnancy occurs, the ______ is the site of attachment of the embryo and forms the maternal part of the placenta form which the fetus is nourished
cardinal (lateral cervical) ligaments
The cervix and superior part of the vagina are supported by ____ extending to the pelvic wall.
_____arise from the anterior surface of the uterus, pass through the inguinal canals and terminate in the labia majora
extensions of the peritoneal cavity that forms the space between the uterus and the urinary bladder
extensions of the peritoneal cavity between the uterus and rectum are called the _____
_____arises from each internal iliac artery and travels through the broad ligament to the uterus. It gives off branches that penetrate into the myometrium and lead to arcuate arteries
A tube that allows for the discharge of menstrual fluid, receipt of the penis and semen, and birth of a baby. It tilts posteriorly between the urethra and rectum.
The lower end of the vagina has transverse friction ridges or ___, which stimulate the penis and help induce ejaculation
At the vaginal orifice, the mucosa folds inward and forms a membrane, the ___, which stretches across the opening.
simple cuboidal, stratified squamous
The vaginal epithelium is ________ in childhood , but the estrogens of puberty transform it into a ______epithelium.
The mucosa also has antigen presenting ______, which are a route by which HIV from infected semen invades the female body
The external genitalia of the female occupy most of the perineum and are collectively called the ____; they include the mons pubis, labia major and minor, clitoris, vaginal orifice, and accessory glands and erectile tissues
____consists mainly of a mound of adipose tissue overlying the pubic symphysis , bearing most of the pubic hair.
The _____ is structured like the penis in many respects, but has no urinary pole. Its function is entirely sensory
-has no corpus spongiosum
-almost entirely internal
develops within the breast during pregnancy, remains active in the lactating breast and atrophies when a woman ceases to nurse
attach the breast to the dermis of the overlying skin and to the fascia of the pectoralis major