lower; degrade; humiliate
Anna expected to have to curtsy to the King of Siam; when told to cast herself down on the ground before
him, however she refused to abase herself.
renounce; give up
When Edward VII abdicated the British throne, he surprised the entire world.
abnormal or deviant
Given the aberrant nature of the data, we came to doubt the validity of the entire experiment.
assist, usually in doing something wrong
She was unwilling to abet him in the swindle he had planned.
wretched; lacking pride
On the streets of New York the homeless live in abject poverty, huddling in doorways to find shelter from
His daily ablutions were accompanied by loud noises that he humorously labeled "Opera in the Bath."
Though Rudolph and Duchess Flavia loved one another, their love was doomed, for she had to wed the
king; their act of abnegation was necessary to preserve the kingdom.
Moses scolded the idol worshippers in the tribe because he abominated the custom.
rubbing away; tending to grind down
Just as abrasive cleaning powders can wear away a shiny finish, abrasive remarks can wear away a listener's
complete; totally unlimited; certain
Although the King of Siam was an absolute monarch, he did not want to behead his unfaithful wife
without absolute evidence of her infidelity.
refrain; withhold from participation
After considering the effect of alcohol on his athletic performance, he decided to abstain from drinking
while he trained for the race.
theoretical; not concrete; non-representational
To him, hunger was an abstract concept; he had never missed a meal.
coarsely insulting; physically harmful
An abusive parent damages a child both mentally and physically.
If I accede to this demand for blackmail, I am afraid that I will be the victim of future demands.
easy to approach; obtainable
We asked our guide whether the ruins were accessible on foot.
additional object; useful but not essential thing
She bought an attractive handbag as an accessory for her dress.
adjust to climate or environment
One of the difficulties of our present air age is the need of travellers to acclimate themselves to their new
and often strange environments.
approach and speak first to a person
When the two young men accosted me, I was frightened because I thought they were going to attack me.
come about by addition
You must pay the interest that has accrued on your debt as well as the principal sum.
slightly sour; sharp; caustic
James was unpopular because of his sarcastic and acidulous remarks.
peak; pinnacle; highest point
Welles's success in Citizen Kane marked the acme of his career as an actor; never again did he achieve such
assent; agree passively
Although she appeared to acquiesce to her employer's suggestions, I could tell she had reservations about
the changes he wanted made.
deliverance from a charge
His acquittal by the jury surprised those who had thought him guilty.
sharp; bitterly pungent The acrid odor of burnt gunpowder filled the room after the pistol had been fired.
calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics
According to recent actuarial tables, life expectancy is greater today than it was a century ago.
addition; appendix to book
Jane's editor approved her new comparative literature text but thought it would be even better with an
addendum on recent developments in literary criticism.
In the wake of the scandal, the senator's one-time adherent quietly deserted him.
something attached to but holding an inferior position
I will entertain this concept as an adjunct to the main proposal.
staff officer assisting the commander; assistant
Though Wellington delegated many tasks to his chief adjutant, Lord Fitzroy Somerset, Somerset was in no
doubt as to who made all major decisions.
make impure by mixing with baser substances It is a crime to adulterate foods without informing the buyer.
He found this adventitious meeting with his friend extremely fortunate.
Most Americans were unaware of the advent of the Nuclear Age until the news of Hiroshima reached
Batman struggled to save Gotham City from the machinations of his wicked adversary, the Joker.
Although he held a position of responsibility, he was an affable individual and could be reached by anyone
with a complaint.
His affected mannerisms irritated may of us who had known him before his promotion.
written statement made under oath
The court refused to accept his statement unless he presented it in the form of an affidavit.
joining; associating with
His affiliation with the political party was of short duration for he soon disagreed with his colleagues.
positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath
Despite Tom's affirmation of innocence, Aunt Polly still suspected he had eaten the pie.
attach or add on; fasten
First the registrar had to affix his signature to the license; then he had to affix his official seal.
Foreigners are amazed by the affluence and luxury of the American way of life.
Accustomed to being treated with respect, Miss Challoner was affronted by Vidal's offensive behavior.
items of business at a meeting
We had so much difficulty agreeing upon an agenda that there was very little time for the meeting.
It took weeks to assort the agglomeration of miscellaneous items she had collected on her trip.
increase or intensify; raise in power, wealth, rank or honor
The history of the past quarter century illustrates how a President may aggrandize his power to act
aggressively in international affairs without considering the wishes of Congress.
one who is skeptical of the existence of knowability of a god or any ultimate reality
The agnostic demanded proof before she would accept the statement of the minister.
highly excited; intensely curious
We were all agog at the news that the celebrated movie star was giving up his career in order to enter a
pertaining to land or its cultivation
As a result of its recent industrialization, the country is gradually losing its agrarian traditions.
He demonstrated his eagerness to serve by his alacrity in executing the orders of his master.
The changing of baser metals into gold was the goal of the students of alchemy.
Though their apartment lacked a full-scale dining room, an alcove adjacent to the living room made an
adequate breakfast nook for the young couple.
make hostile; separate
Her attempts to alienate the two friends failed because they had complete faith in each other.
The alimentary canal in our bodies is so named because digestion of foods occurs there.
payments make to an ex-spouse after divorce
Because Tony had supported Tina through medical school, on their divorce he asked the court to award
him a month in alimony.
The crew tried to allay the fears of the passengers by announcing that the fire had been controlled.
story in which characters are used as symbols; fable
Pilgrim's Progress is an allegory of the temptations and victories of the human soul.
This should alleviate the pain; if it does not, we shall have to use stronger drugs.
repetition of beginning sound in poetry
"The furrow followed free" is an example of alliteration.
Try not to allude to this matter in his presence because the topic annoys him.
allured by the song of the sirens, the helmsman steered the ship toward the reef.
the allusions to mythological characters in Milton's poems bewilder the reader who has not studied Latin.
pertaining to soil deposits left by running water
The farmers found the alluvial deposits at the mouth of the river very fertile.
unselfishly generous; concerned for others
In providing tutorial assistance and college scholarships to hundreds of economically disadvantaged
youths, Eugene Lang performed a truly altruistic deed.
combine; unite in one body
The unions will attempt to amalgamate their groups into one national body.
Ever since the days of Greek mythology we refer to strong and aggressive women as amazons.
capable of using either hand with equal ease
A switch-hitter in baseball should be naturally ambidextrous.
unclear or doubtful in meaning
His ambiguous instructions misled us; we did not know which road to take.
the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes
Torn between loving her parents one minute and hating them the next, she was confused by the
ambivalence of her feelings.
moving at an easy pace
When she first mounted the horse, she was afraid to urge the animal to go faster than a gentle amble.
able to walk
He was described as an ambulatory patient because he was not confined to his bed.
Many social workers have attempted to ameliorate the conditions of people living in the slums.
readily managed; willing to be led
He was amenable to any suggestions that came from those he looked up to; he resented advice from his
correct; change, generally for the better
Hoping to amend his condition, he left Vietnam for the United States.
convenient features; courtesies In addition to the customary amenities for the business traveler -- fax machines, modems, a health club --
the hotel offers the services of a butler versed in social amenities.
Student exchange programs such as the Experiment in International Living were established to promote
loss of memory
Because she was suffering from amnesia, the police could not get the young girl to identify herself.
in a state of rage The police had to be called in to restrain him after he ran amok in the department store.
The amoral individual lacks a code of ethics; he should not be classified as immoral.
shapeless; vague; indeterminate
John was subject to panic attacks that left him prey to vague, amorphous fears: he knew he was terrified,
but could neither define nor explain the cause of his terror.
oval building with tiers of seats
The spectators in the amphitheater cheered the gladiators.
He had ample opportunity to dispose of his loot before his police caught up with him.
cut off part of body; prune
When the doctors had to amputate Ted Kennedy's leg to prevent the spread of cancer, he did not let the
loss of his leg keep him from participating in sports.
something or someone misplaced in time
Shakespeare's reference to clocks in Julius Caesar is an anachronism; no clocks existed in Caesar's time.
causing insensitivity to pain
The analgesic qualities of his lotion will provide temporary relief.
She called our attention to the things that had been done in an analogous situation and recommended that
we do the same.
Your analogy is not a good one because the two situations are not similar.
person who rebels against the established order
Only the total overthrow of all governmental regulations would satisfy the anarchist.
absence of governing body; state of disorder
The assassination of the leaders led to a period of anarchy.
secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place
We set the post in concrete to anchor it in place.
serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary
In an ancillary capacity Doctor Watson was helpful; however, Holmes could not trust the good doctor to
solve a perplexing case on his own.
short account of an amusing or interesting event
Rather than make concrete proposals for welfare reform, President Raegan told anecdotes about poor
people who became wealthy despite their impoverished backgrounds.
substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness
His monotonous voice acted like an anesthetic; his audience was soon asleep.
acute pain; extreme suffering
Visiting the site of explosion, Premier Gorbachev wept to see the anguish of the victims and their families.
He resented the animadversions of his critics, particularly because he realized they were true.
He incurred the animosity of the ruling class because he advocated limitations of their power.
hostile feeling or intent
The animus of the speaker became obvious to all when he began to indulge in sarcastic and insulting
reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling
After the glass is annealed, it will be less subject to chipping and cracking.
comment; make explanatory notes
In the appendix to the novel, the critic sought to annotate many of the more esoteric references.
The annuity he set up with the insurance company supplements his social security benefits so that he can
live very comfortably without working.
He was placed in the anomalous position of seeming to approve procedures that he despised.
state of being nameless; anonymousness The donor of the gift asked the college not to mention him by name; the dean readily agreed to respect his
Despite his lawyers' best efforts to stop him, the angry prisoner continued to make antagonistic remarks to
preceding events or circumstances that influence what comes later; early life; ancestors
Before giving permission for Drummie to marry Estella, Miss Havisham had a few questions about the
young man's birth and antecedents.
The invention of the radiotelegraph anteceded the development of television by a quarter of a century.
The antediluvian customs had apparently not changed for thousands of years.
student of the history and science of humankind
Anthropologists have discovered several relics of prehistoric humans in this area.
having human form or characteristics
Primitive religions often have deities with anthropomorphic characteristics.
letdown in thought or emotion
After the fine performance in the first act, the rest of the play was an anticlimax.
His extreme antipathy to dispute caused him to avoid argumentative discussions with his friends.
Accustomed to editing his papers on word processors, Philip thought typewriters were too antiquated for
him to use.
substance that prevents infection
It is advisable to apply an antiseptic to any wound, no matter how slight or insignificant.
contrast; direct opposite of or to
This tyranny was the antithesis of all that he had hoped for, and he fought it with all his strength.
iron block used in hammering out metals
After heating the iron horseshoe in the forge, the blacksmith picked it up with his tongs and set it on the
He felt apathetic about the conditions he had observed and did not care to fight against them.
lack of caring; indifference
A firm believer in democratic government, she could not understand the apathy of people who never
bothered to vote.
She discovered a small aperture in the wall, through which the insects had entered the room.
imitate or mimic
He was suspended for a week because he had aped the principal in front of the whole school.
loss of speech due to injury or illness
After the automobile accident, the victim had periods of aphasia when he could not speak at all or could
only mumble incoherently.
An aphorism differs from an adage in that it is more philosophical or scientific.
a place where bees are kept
Although he spent many hours daily in the apiary, he was very seldom stung by a bee.
Wellington's nonchalance and aplomb in the heat of battle always heartened his followers.
prophetic; pertaining to revelations; especially of disaster
His apocalyptic remarks were dismissed by his audience as wild surmises.
untrue; made up
To impress his friends, Tom invented apocryphal tales of his adventures in the big city.
When the moon in its orbit is furthest away from the earth, it is at its apogee.
stroke; loss of consciousness followed by paralysis
He was crippled by an attack of apoplexy.
one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs
Because he switched from one party to another, his former friends shunned him as an apostate.
The Roman empress Livia envied the late emperor his apotheosis; she hoped that on her death she, too, would be exalted to the rank of a god.
Hamlet was uncertain about the identity of the apparition that had appeared and spoken to him.
We have discovered that, when we try to appease our enemies, we encourage them to make additional
diligent attention; (secondary meaning) apply
Pleased with how well Tom had whitewashed the fence, Aunt Polly praised him for his application.
He was always able to find the apposite phrase, the correct expression for every occasion.
estimate the value of
It is difficult to appraise old paintings; it is easier to call them priceless.
be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of
Little Orphan Annie truly appreciated the stocks Daddy Warbucks ave her, whose value appreciated
considerably over the years.
arrest ( a criminal); dread; perceive
The police will apprehend the culprit and convict him before long.
His apprehensive glances at the people who were walking in the street revealed his nervousness.
When he was apprised of the dangerous weather conditions, he decided to postpone his trip.
acquire; take possession of for one's own use
The ranch owners appropriated the lands that had originally been set aside for the Indians' use.
with reference to; regarding
I find your remarks apropos of the present situation timely and pertinent.
The counselor evaluated his aptitudes before advising him about the career he should follow.
He can be recognized by his aquiline nose, curved like the beak of the eagle.
person with power to decide a matter in a dispute; judge
As an arbiter in labor disputes, she has won the confidence of the workers and the employers.
unreasonable or capricious; tyrannical
The coach claimed the team lost because the umpire made some arbitrary calls.
act as judge
She was called upon to arbitrate the dispute between the union and the management.
place where different varieties of trees and shrubs are studied and exhibited
Walking along the treelined paths of the arboretum, Rita noted poplars, firs, and some particularly fine
a covered passageway, usually lined with shops
The arcade was popular with shoppers because it gave them protection from the summer sun and the
study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
The professor of archaeology headed an expedition to the Gobi Desert in search of ancient ruins.
"Methinks," "thee," and "thou" are archaic words that are no longer part of our normal vocabulary.
prototype; primitive pattern
The Brooklyn Bridge was the archetype of the many spans that now connect Manhattan with Long Island
and New Jersey.
group of closely located islands
When he looked at the map and saw the archipelagoes in the South Seas, he longed to visit them.
public records; place where public records are kept
These documents should be part of the archives so that historians may be able to evaluate them in the
heat; passion; zeal
Katya's ardor was contagious; soon all her fellow demonstrators were busily making posters and handing
out flyers, inspired by her ardent enthusiasm for the cause.
hereditary nobility; privileged class
Americans have mixed feelings about hereditary aristocracy:
fleet of warships
Queen Elizabeth's navy was able to defeat the mighty armada that threatened the English coast.
charge in court; indict
After his indictment by the Grand Jury, the accused man was arraigned in the County Criminal Court.
She liked to watch her motherarray herself in her finest clothes before going out for the evening.
Her articulate presentation of the advertising campaign impressed her employers.
products of primitive culture
Archaeologists debated the significance of the artifacts discovered in the ruins of Asia Minor and came to
The Trojan War proved to the Greeks that cunning and artifice were often more effective than military
a manually skilled worker
Artists and artisans alike are necessary to the development of a culture.
without guile; open and honest
Red Riding Hood's artless comment, "Grandma, what big eyes you have!" indicates the child's innocent
surprises at her "grandmother's" changed appearance.
President Marcos failed to maintain his ascendency over Philippines.
preventing infection; having a cleansing effect
Hospitals succeeded in lowering the mortality rate as soon as they introduced asceptic conditions.
practicing self-denial; austere
The wealthy young man could not understand the ascetic life led by the monks.
Your asinine remarks prove that you have not given this problem any serious consideration.
with a sideways or indirect look
Looking askance at her questioner, she displayed her scorn.
crookedly; slanted; at an angle
When he placed his hat askew upon his head, his observers laughed.
sharpness (of temper)
These remarks, spoken with asperity, stung the boys to whom they had been directed.
seeker after position or status
Although I am as aspirant for public office, I am not willing to accept the dictates of the party bosses.
When they assayed the ore, they found that they had discovered a very rich vein.
state strongly or positively; insist on or demand recognition of (rights, claims, etc).
When Jill asserted that nobody else in the junior class had such an early curfew, her parents Asserted
themselves, telling her that if she didn't get home by nine o'clock she would be grounded for the week.
I would like to have your assessment of the situation in South Africa.
It took Rembrandt weeks of assiduous labor before he was satisfied with his portrait of his son.
absorb; cause to become homogenous
The manner in which the United States was able to assimilate the hordes of immigrants during the
nineteenth and early part of the twentieth centuries will always be a source of pride.
something taken for granted; the taking over or taking possession of
The young princess made the foolish assumption that the regent would not object to her Assumption of
promise or pledge; certainty; self-confidence
When Gutherie gave Guiness his assurance that rehearsals were going well, he spoke with such assurance
that Guiness was convinced.
asteroids have become commonplace to the readers of interstellar travel stories in science fiction
eye defect that prevents proper focus
As soon as his parents discovered that the boy suffered from astigmatism, they took him to the
optometrist for corrective glasses.
relating to the stars
She was amazed at the number of astral bodies the new telescope revealed.
binding; causing contraction; harsh or severe
The astringent quality of unsweetened lemon juice made swallowing difficult.
enormously large or extensive
The government seemed willing to spend astronomical sums on weapons development.
place of refuge or shelter; protection
The refugees sought asylum from religious persecution in a new land.
not identical on both sides of a dividing central line
Because one eyebrow was set markedly higher than the other, William's face had a particularly asymmetric
resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; reversion to an earlier type;
Martin seemed an atavism to his Tuscan ancestors who lavished great care on their small plots of soil.
make thin; weaken
By withdrawing their forces, the generals hoped to attenuate the enemy lines.
testify; bear witness
Having served as a member of a grand jury, I can attest that our system of indicting individuals is in need
I attribute her success in science to the encouragement she received from her parents.
gradual wearing down
They decided to wage a war of attrition rather than to rely on all-out attack.
Audiences cheered as Luke Skywalker and Princess Leia made their audacious, death-defying leap to
freedom and escaped Darth Vader's troops.
examination of accounts
When the bank examiners arrived to hold their annual audit, they discovered the embezzlements of the
Visiting the palace at Versailes, she was impressed by the august surroundings in which she found herself.
sun's corona; halo
Many medieval paintings depict saintly characters with aureols around their heads.
pertaining to the aurora borealis
The auroral display was particularly spectacular that evening.
With favorable weather conditions, it was an auspicious moment to set sail.
His austere demeanor prevented us from engaging in our usual frivolous activities.
sternness; severity; lack of luxuries
The austerity and dignity of the court were maintained by the new justices, who were a strict and solemn
An expert was needed to authenticate the original Van Gogh painting, distinguishing it from its imitation.
favoring or exercising total control; non-democratic
The people had no control over their destiny; they were forced to obey the dictates of the authoritarian
having the weight of authority; dictatorial
We accepted her analysis of the situation as authoritative.
monarch with supreme power
He ran his office like an autocrat, giving no one else any authority.
mechanism that imitates actions of humans
Long before science fiction readers became aware of robots, writers were creating stories of automation
who could outperform humans.
This island is a colony; however, in most matters, it is autonomous and receives no orders from the mother
examination of a dead body; postmortem
The medical examiner ordered an autopsy to determine the cause of death.
offering or providing help; additional or sub-sidiary
To prepare for the emergency, they built an auxiliary power station.
secondary or minor occupation
His hobby proved to be so fascinating and profitable that gradually he abandoned his regular occupation
and concentrated on his avocation.
like an uncle
Avuncular pride did not prevent him from noticing his nephew's shortcomings.
pointed tool used for piercing
She used an awl to punch additional holes in the leather belt she had bought.
distorted; crooked He held his head awry, giving the impression that he had caught cold in his neck during the night.
self-evident truth requiring no proof
Before a student can begin to think along the lines of Euclidean geometry, he must accept certain
principles or axioms.
She was forced to change her telephone number because she was badgered by obscene phone calls.
Her friends at work greeted the news of her engagement with cheerful badinage.
Casting a baleful eye at his successful rival, the rejected suitor stole off, vowing to have his revenge.
When the warden learned that several inmates were planning to escape, he took steps to balk their attempt.
stoop short, as if faced with an obstacle, and refuse to continue
The chief of police balked at sending his officers into the riot-torn area.
heavy substance used to add stability or weight
The ship was listing badly to one side; it was necessary to shift the ballast in the hold to get her back on an
discuss lightly; exchange blows or words
The president refused to bandy words with reporters at the press conference.
They resented his bantering remarks because they misinterpreted his teasing as sarcasm.
sharp projection form fishhook, etc.; pointed comment
The barb from the fishhook caught in his finger as he grabbed the fish.
shameless; bold; unconcealed
Shocked by Huck Finn's barefaced lies, Miss Watson prayed the good Lord would give him a sense of his
Accustomed to the severe, angular lines of modern skyscrapers, they found the flamboyance of baroque
barrier laid down by artillery fire; overwhelming profusion
The company was forced to retreat through the barrage of heavy canyons.
Galsworthy started as a barrister, but when he found the practice of law boring, turned to writing.
luxuriate; take pleasure in warmth
basking on the beach, she relaxed so completely that she fell asleep.
stronghold; something seen as a source of protection
The villagers fortified the town hall, hoping this improvised bastion could protect them from the guerrila
let down; restrain
Until it was time to open the presents, the children had to bate their curiosity.
blessedness; state of bliss
Growing closer to God each day, the mystic achieved a state of indescribable beatitude.
We were so bedraggled by the severe storm that we had to change into dry clothing.
His attempts to clarify the situation succeeded only on befuddling her further.
father; produce; give rise to
One good turn may deserve another; it does not necessarily beget another.
huge creature; something of monstrous size or power
Sportcasters nicknamed the linebacker "The Behemoth."
Since I do not wish to be beholden to anyone, I cannot accept this favor.
be suited to; be incumbent upon
In this time of crisis, it behooves all of us to remain calm and await the instructions of our superiors.
explain or go over excessively or to a ridiculous degree; assail verbally
The debate coach warned her student not to bore the audience by belaboring his point.
He apologized for his belated note of condolence to the widow of his friend and explained that he had just
learned of her husband's untimely death.
As soon as the city was beleaguered, the life became more subdued as the citizens began their long wait for
contradict; give a false impression
His coarse, hard-bitten exterior belied his innate sensitivity.
Parents should not belittle their children's early attempts at drawing, but should encourage their efforts.
Whenever he had too much to drink, he became belligerent and tried to pick fights with strangers.
confused; lost in thought; preoccupied
Jill studied the garbled instructions with a bemused look on her face.
gift giver; patron
Scrooge later became Tiny Tim's benefactor and gave him a benediction.
kindly; doing good
The overgenerous philanthropist had to curb his beneficent impulses before he gave away all his money
and left himself with nothing.
person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy
You may change your beneficiary as often as you wish.
His benevolent nature prevented him from refusing any beggar who accosted him.
kindly; favorable; not malignant
The old man was well liked because of his benign attitude toward friend and stranger alike.
Let us pray that the benison of peace once more shall prevail among the nations of the world.
determined; natural talent or inclination
bent on advancing in the business world, the secretary heroine of Working Girl had a true bent for high
leave to someone by means of a will; hand down
In his will, Father bequeathed his watch to Phillip; the bequest meant a great deal to the boy.
state of being deprived of something valuable or beloved
His friends gathered to console him upon his sudden bereavement.
The scandalous remarks in the newspaper besmirch the reputations of every member of the society.
beastlike; brutal; inhuman
The Red Cross sought to put an end to the bestial treatment of prisoners of war.
become engaged to marry
The announcement that they had become betrothed surprised their friends who had not suspected any
divided into two branches; forked
With a bifurcated branch and a piece of elastic rubber, he made a crude but effective slingshot.
Brought up in a democratic atmosphere, student was shocked by the bigotry and narrowness expressed by
several of his classmates.
suffering from indigestion; irritable
His bilious temperament was apparent to all who heard him rant about his difficulties.
While in bivouac, we spent the night in our sleeping bags under the stars.
bored with pleasure or dissipation
Your blase attitude gives your students an erroneous impression of the joys of scholarship.
extremely obvious; loudly offensive
Caught in a blatant lie, the scoundrel had only one regret: he wished that he had lied more subtly.
suffering from a disease; destroyed
The extent of the blighted areas could be seen only when viewed from the air.
gay; joyous; careless
Shelley called the skylark a "blithe spirit" because of its happy song.
swollen or puffed as with water or air
Her bloated stomach came from drinking so much water.
After all Sol's talk about his big show business connections led nowhere, Sally decided he was just another
pretense (of strength); deception; high cliff
Claire thought Lord Byron's boast that he would swim the Hellespont was just a bluff, she was astounded
when he dove from the high bluff into the waters below.
The gloomy skies and the sulfurious odors from the mineral springs seemed to bode evil to those who settled in the area.
counterfeit; not authentic
The police quickly found the distributors of the bogus twenty-dollar bills.
violent; rough; noisy
The unruly crowd became even more boisterous when he tried to quiet them.
The debaters amassed file boxes full of evidence to bolster their arguments.
pompous, inflated language
Filled with bombast, the orator's speech left the audience more impressed with his pomposity than with his
The recent rains that filled our empty reservoirs were a boon to the whole community.
Though Mr. Potts constantly interrupted his wife, she ignored his boorish behavior, for she had lost hope
of teaching him courtesy.
clear beef soup
The cup of bouillon served by the stewards was welcomed by those who had been chilled by the cold
The French Revolution was inspired by the bourgeois, who resented the aristocracy.
cowlike; placid and dull
Nothing excites Esther; even when she won the state lottery, she still preserved her air of bovine calm.
After the film editors had bowdlerized the language in the script, the motion picture's rating was changed
from "R" to "PG."
He found the only wells in the area were brackish; drinking the water made him nauseous.
Modest by nature, she was no braggart, preferring to let her accomplishments speak for themselves.
swagger; assumed air of defiance The bravado of the young criminal disappeared when he was confronted by the victims of his brutal attack.
breaking of contract or duty; fissure; gap
They found a breach in the enemy's fortifications and penetrated their lines.
brevity is essential when you send a telegram or cablegram; you are charged for every word.
tawny or grayish with streaks or spots
He was disappointed in the litter because the puppies were brindled; he had hoped for animals of uniform
easily broken; difficult
My employer's brittle personality made it difficult for me to get along with her.
Billy resisted Ted's attempts to browbeat him into handing over his lunch money.
bugbear; object of baseless terror
If we become frightened by such bugaboos, we are no wiser than the birds who fear scarecrows.
earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends
The navy is our principal bulwark against invasion.
spoil by clumsy behavior
I was afraid you would bungle his assignment but I had no one else to send.
government by bureaus
Many people fear that the constant introduction of federal agencies will create a government by
grow forth; send out buds
In the spring, the plants that burgeon are a promise of the beauty that is to come.
give an imitation that ridicules
In his caricature, he burlesqued the mannerisms of his adversary.
make shiny by rubbing; polish
The maid burnished the brass fixtures until they reflected the lamplight.
support; prop up
Just as architects buttress the walls of cathedrals with flying buttresses, debates buttress their arguments
small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests
The cabal was defeated when its scheme was discovered.
The detectives followed the suspects until he led them to the cache where he had stored his loot.
like a corpse; pale
From his cadaverous appearance, we could see how the disease had ravaged him.
rhythmic rise and fall (of words or sounds); beat
Marching down the road, the troops sang out, following the cadence set by the sergeant.
As news of the calamity spread, offers of relief poured in to the stricken community.
beautiful writing; excellent penmanship
As we examine ancient manuscripts, we became impressed with the calligraphy of the scribes.
He had worked in the hospital for so many years that he was callous to the suffering in the wards.
In that youthful movement, the leaders were only a little less callow than their immature followers.
He could endure his financial failure, but he could not bear the calumny that his foes heaped upon him.
What he loved best about his job was the sense of camaraderie he and his co-workers shared.
shell or jewel carved in relief
Tourists are advised not to purchase cameos from the street peddlers of Rome who sell poor specimens of
the carver's art.
The candor and simplicity of his speech impressed all, it was all clear he held nothing back.
related to dogs; doglike
Some days the canine population of Berkeley seems almost to outnumber the human population.
Constantly complaining about his treatment and refusing to cooperate with the hospital staff, he was a
story set to music, to be sung by a chorus
The choral society sang the new cantata composed by its leader.
Because the racehorse had outdistanced its competition so easily, the reporter wrote that the race was won
in a canter.
pious phraseology; jargon of criminals
Angry that the president had slashed the education budget, we dismissed his speech on the importance of
education as mere cant.
determine or seek opinions, votes, etc.
After canvassing the sentiments of his constituents, the congressman was confident that he represented the
majority opinion of his district.
In the capacious areas of the railroad terminal, thousands of travelers lingered while waiting for their train.
having a very fine bore
The changes in surface tension of liquids in capillary vessels is of special interest to physicists.
She was an unpredictable creature, acting on caprice, never taking thought of the consequences.
title; chapter heading; text under illustration
I find the captions that accompany these cartoons very clever and humorous.
His criticisms were always captious and frivolous, never offering constructive suggestions.
shell covering the back (of a turtle, crab, etc)
At the children's zoo, Richard perched on top of the giant turtle's hard carapace as it slowly made its way
around the enclosure.
unit of weight for precious stones; measure of fineness of gold
He gave her a diamond that weighed three carats and was mounted in an eighteen-carat gold band.
Many supposedly harmless substances have been revealed to be carcinogenic.
If you want to increase your word power, the cardinal rule of vocabulary-building is to read.
The caricatures he drew always emphasized personal weaknesses of the people he burlesqued.
set of bells capable of being played
The carillon in the bell tower of the Coca-Cola pavilion at the New York World's Fair provided musical
entertainment every hour.
destruction of life
The carnage that can be caused by atomic warfare adds to the responsibilities of our statesmen.
petty criticism; fault-finding
Welcoming constructive criticism, Lexy appreciated her editor's comments, finding them free of carping.
rotting flesh of a dead body
Buzzards are nature's scavengers; they eat the carrion left behind by other predators.
Though not a professional cartographer, Tolkien was able to construct a map of the fictional world.
small waterfall We could not appreciate the beauty of the many cascades as we made detours around each of them to
avoid getting wet.
one of the hereditary classes in Hindu society, social stratification; prestige
The differences created by caste in India must be wiped out if true democracy is to prevail in that country.
punishment; severe criticism
Sensitive even to mild criticism, Woolf could not bear castigation that she found in certain reviews.
serious or fatal accident
The number of automotive casualties on this holiday weekend was high.
agent that brings about a chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged
Many chemical reactions cannot take place without the presence of a catalyst.
great waterfall; eye abnormality
She gazed with awe at the mighty cataract known as Niagara Falls.
book for religious instruction; instruction by question and answer
He taught by engaging his pupils in a catechism until they gave him the correct answer.
without exceptions; unqualified; absolute
Though the captain claimed he was never, never sick at sea, he finally qualified his categorical denial; he
was hardly ever sick at sea.
purging or cleansing of any passage of the body
Aristotle maintained that tragedy created a catharsis by purging the soul of base concepts.
Some drugs act as laxatives when taken in small doses but act as cathartics when taken in much larger
universal; wide-ranging liberal
He was extremely catholic in his taste and read everything he could find in the library.
private meeting of members of a party to select officers or determine policy
At the opening of Congress the members of the Democratic Party held a caucus to elect the majority
leader of the House and the party whip.
to make watertight (by plugging seams) When water from the shower leaked into the basement, we knew it was time to caulk the tiles at the edges
of the shower stall.
implying a cause-and-effect relationship
The psychologist maintained there was a causal relationship between the nature of one's early childhood
experiences and one's adult personality.
burning; sarcastically biting
The critic's caustic remarks angered the hapless actors who were the subjects of his sarcasm.
burn with hot iron or caustic
In order to prevent infection, the doctor cauterized the wound.
As described by Chaucer, the cavalcade of Canterbury pilgrims was motley group.
casual and offhand; arrogant
Sensitive about having her ideas taken lightly, Marcia felt insulted by Mark's cavalier dismissal of her
make frivolous objections
I respect your sensible criticisms, but I dislike the way you cavil about unimportant details.
Hamlet resented his mother's celerity in remarrying within a month after his father's death.
abstaining from sexual intercourse; unmarried
Though the late Havelock Ellis wrote extensively about sexual customs and was considered an expert in
such matters, recent studies maintain he was celibate throughout his life.
overseer of morals; person who eliminates inappropriate matter
Soldiers dislike having their mail read by a censor but understand the need for this precaution.
mythical figure, half man and half horse
I was particularly impressed by the statue of the centaur in the Roman Hall of the museum.
denoting a widely used temperature scale (basically same as Celsius) On the centigrade thermometer, the freezing point of water is zero degrees.
radiating; departing from the center
Many automatic drying machines remove excess moisture from clothing by centrifugal force.
machine that separates substances by whirling them
At the dairy, we employ a centrifuge to separate cream from milk.
tending toward the center
Does centripetal force or the force of gravity bring orbiting bodies to the earth's surface?
Roman army officer
Because he was in command of a company of one hundred soldiers, he was called a centurion.
pertaining to the brain or intellect
The content of philosophical works is cerebral in nature and requires much thought.
The workers threatened a cessation of all activities if their demands were not met.
yielding to another; ceding
The cession of Alaska to the United States is discussed in this chapter.
worthless products of an endeavor
When you separate the wheat from the chaff, be sure you throw out the chaff.
goblet; consecrated cup
In a small room adjoining the cathedral, many ornately decorated chalices made by the most famous
European goldsmiths were on display.
lizard that changes color in different situations
Like the chameleon, he assumed the political coloration of every group he met.
support militantly Martin Luther King, Jr., won the Nobel Peace Prize because he championed the oppressed in their struggle
divine gift; great popular charm or appeal
Political commentators have deplored the importance of a candidate's charisma in these days of television
quack; pretender to knowledge
When they realized that the Wizard didn't know how to get them back to Kansas, Dorothy and her friends
were sure they'd been duped by a charlatan.
cautious; sparing or restrained about giving
A prudent, thrifty New Englander, DeWitt was as chary of investing money in junk bonds as he was chary
of paying people unnecessary compliments.
ornament a metal surface by indenting
With his hammer, he carefully chased an intricate design onto the surface of the chalice.
framework and working parts of an automobile
Examining the car after the accident, the owner discovered that the body had been ruined but that the
chassis was unharmed.
Her chaste and decorous garb was appropriately selected for the solemnity of the occasion.
blindly devoted patriot
A chauvinist cannot recognize any faults in his country, no matter how flagrant they may be.
marked by changes in fortune
During his checkered career he had lived in palatial mansions and in dreary boardinghouses.
stop motion; curb or restrain
Thrusting out her arm, Grandma checked Bobby's lunge at his sister. "Young man," she said, "you'd better
check your temper."
With her cheerful smile and rosy cheeks, she was a particularly cherubic child.
fantastic; highly imaginative
Poe's chimerical stories are sometimes too morbid for reading in bed.
art of dancing
Martha Graham introduced a form of choreography that seemed awkward and alien to those who had
been brought up on classic ballet.
report; record (in chronological order)
The gossip columnist was paid to chronicle the latest escapades of the socially prominent celebrities.
long established, as a disease
The doctors were finally able to attribute his chronic headaches and nausea to traces of formaldehyde gas
in his apartment.
Dismayed by his churlish manners at the party, the girls vowed never to invite him again.
nonentity; worthless person or thing
She claimed her ex-husband was a total cipher and wondered why she had ever married him.
Lacking his code book, the spy was unable to decode the message sent to him in cipher.
Because of the traffic congestion on the main highways, she took a circuitous route.
indirect or roundabout expression
He was afraid to call spade a spade and resorted to circumlocutions to avoid direct reference to his subject.
limit; confine Although I do not wish to circumscribe your activities, I must insist that you complete this assignment
before you start anything else.
In order to circumvent the enemy, we will make two preliminary attacks in other sections before starting
our major campaign.
having to do with citizens or the state; courteous and polite
Although internal Revenue Service agents are civil servants, they are not always civil to suspected tax
having foresight; fortuneteller
Cassandra's clairvoyant warning was not heeded by the Trojans.
striker (tongue) of a bell
Wishing to be undisturbed by the bell, Dale wound his scarf around the clapper to muffle its striking.
fear of being locked in
His fellow classmates laughed at his claustrophobia and often threatened to lock him in his room.
Even though he wore shoulder pads, the football player broke his clavicle during a practice scrimmage.
disposition ot be lenient; mildness, as of the weather
The lawyer was pleased when the case was sent to Judge Smith's chambers because Smith was noted for
her clemency toward first offenders.
phrase culled in meaning by repetition
High school compositions are often marred by such cliches as "strong as an ox."
relating to the highest point
When he reached the climactic portions of the book, he could not stop reading.
great influence (especially political or social)
Gatsby wondered whether he had enough clout to be admitted to the exclusive club.
distasteful (because excessive); excessively sweet or sentimental
Disliking the cloying sweetness of standard wedding cakes, Jody and Tom chose a homemade carrot cake
for their reception.
thicken; congeal; clot
Even after you remove the pudding from the burner, it will continue to coagulate as it stands.
concluding section of a musical or literary composition
The piece concluded with a distinctive coda that strikingly brought together various motifs.
supplement to the body of a will
This codicil was drawn up five years after the writing of the original will.
arrange (laws, rules) as a code; classify We need to take the varying rules and regulations of the different health agencies and codify them into a
national health code.
living at the same time as; contemporary
coeval with the dinosaur, the pterodactyl flourished during the Mesozoic era.
related linguistically; allied by blood; similar or akin in nature
The English word "mother" cognate to the Latin word "mater," whose influence is visible in the words
"maternal" and "maternity."
having to do with knowing or perceiving related to the mental precesses
Though Jack was emotionally immature, his cognitive development was admirable; he was very advanced
During the election campaign, the two candidates were kept in full cognizance of the international
tooth projecting from a wheel
A bicycle chain moves through a series of cogs in order to propel the bike.
tendency to keep together
A firm believer in the maxim "Divide and conquer," the emperor, by lies and trickery, sought to disrupt the
cohesion ofthe free nations.
You can make a statement with your choice of coiffure: in the 60's many African-Americans affirmed their
racial heritage by wearing their hair in Afros.
occurring at the same time
Some people find the coincident events in Hardy's novels annoyingly improbable.
utensil with perforated bottom used for straining
Before serving the spaghetti, place it in a colander to drain it.
work of art put together from fragments
Scraps of cloth, paper doilies, and old photographs all went into her collage.
security given for loan
The sum you wish to borrow is so large that it must be secured by collateral.
examine in order to verify authenticity; arrange in order
They collated the newly found manuscripts to determine their age.
pertaining to conversational or common speech
Your use of colloquial expressions in a formal essay such as the one you have presented spoils the effect
you hope to achieve.
I enjoy our colloquies but I sometimes wish that they could be made more formal and more searching.
The legendary Colossus of Rhodes, bronze statue of the sun god that dominated the harbor of the Greek
seaport, was one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
in a coma; extremely sleepy
The long-winded orator soon had his audience in a comatose state.
After the recent outbreak of fires in private homes, the fire commissioner ordered that all combustible
materials be kept in safe containers.
something fit to be eaten
The roast turkey and other comestibles, the wines, and the excellent service made this Thanksgiving dinner
After his earlier rudeness, we were delighted to see him get his comeuppance.
to draft for military purposes; to take for public use
The policeman commandeered the first car that approached and ordered the driver to go to the nearest
The new commemorative stamp honors the late Martin Luther King, Jr.
spacious and comfortable
After sleeping in a small roadside cabins, they found their hotel suite commodious.
held in common; of a group of people
When they were divorced, they had trouble dividing their communal property.
The signers of the Mayflower Compact were establishing a form of government.
tightly packed; firm; brief
His short, compact body was better suited to wrestling than to basketball.
harmonious; in harmony with
They were compatible neighbors, never quarreling over unimportant matters.
overpowering; irresistible in effect
The prosecutor presented a well-reasoned case, but the defense attorney's compelling arguments for
leniency won over the jury.
brief, comprehensive summary
This text can serve as a compendium of the tremendous amount of new material being developed in this
making up for; repaying
Can a compensatory education program make up for the inadequate schooling he received in earlier years?
listing of statistical information in tabular or book form
The compilation of available scholarships serves a very valuable purpose.
trying to please; obliging
The courtier obeyed the king's orders in a complaisant manner.
complete; consummate; make perfect
The waiter recommended a glass of port to complement the cheese.
conformity in fulfilling requirements; readiness to yield
The design for the new school had to be in compliance with the local building code.
You cannot keep your complicity in this affair secret very long; you would be wise to admit your
I wish all the components of my stereo system were working at the same time.
combine; constitute; pay interest; increase
The makers of the popular cold remedy compounded a nasal decongestant with an antihistamine.
This book provides a comprehensive review of verbal and math skills for the SAT.
include; consist of
If the District of Columbia were to be granted a statehood, the United States of America would comprise
fifty-onestates, not just fifty.
adjust; endanger the interests or reputation of
Your presence at the scene of the dispute compromises our claim to neutrality in this matter.
The judge was especially severe in this sentencing because he felt that the criminal had shown no
compunction for his heinous crime.
link as in a chain It is difficult to understand how these events could concatenate as they did without outside assistance.
The back-packers found partial shelter from the storm by huddling against the concave wall of the cliff.
Despite all the evidence Monica had assembled, Mark refused to concede that she was right.
whimsical idea; extravagant metaphor
He was an entertaining companion, always expressing himself in amusing conceits and witty turns of
mutually agreed on; done together
The girl scouts in the troop made a concerted effort to raise funds for their annual outing, and emitted a
concerted sigh when their leader announced that they had reached their goal.
an act of yielding
Before they could reach an agreement, both sides had to make certain concessions.
brief and compact
When you define a new word, be concise; the shorter the definition, the easier it is to remember.
decisive; ending all debate
When the stolen books turned up in John's locker, we finally had conclusive evidence of the identity of the
prepare by combining; make up in concert
How did the inventive chef ever concoct such strange dish?
Watching Tweediedum and Tweedledee battle, Alice wondered why the two brothers could not manage to
life in concord.
happening at the same time
In America, the colonists were resisting the demands of the mother contry; at the concurrent moment in
France, the middle class was sowing the seeds of rebellion.
bestow courtesies with a superior air
The king condescended to grant an audience to the friends of the condemned man.
overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse
Unlike Widow Douglass, who condoned Huck's minor offenses, Miss Watson did nothing but scold.
aqueduct; passageway for fluids
Water was brought to the army in the desert by an improvised conduit from the adjoining mountain.
In the conflagration that followed the 1906 earthquake, much of San Francisco was destroyed.
In conformity with our rules and regulations, I am calling a meeting of our organization.
His blood congealed in his veins as he saw the dread monster rush toward him.
mass of material sticking together
In such a conglomeration of miscellaneous statistics, it was impossible to find a single area of analysis.
correspondence of parts; harmonious relationship
The student demonstrated the congruence of the two triangles by using the hypotenuse-arm theorem.
pine tree; cone-bearing tree
According to geologists, the conifers were the first plants to bear flowers.
pertaining to marriage
Their dreams of conjugal bliss were shattered as soon as their temperaments clashed.
summon a devil; proactive magic; imagine; invent
He conjured up an image of a reformed city and had the voters completely under his spell.
pretense of ignorance of something wrong; assistance; permission to offend
With the connivance of his friends, he plotted to embarrass the teacher.
person competent to act as judge of art, ect.; a lover of an art
She had developed into a connoisseur of fine china.
suggested or implied meaning of an expression
Foreigners frequently are unaware of the connotations of the words they use.
pertaining to maffige or the matrimonial state
In his telegram, he wished the newlyweds a lifetime of connubial bliss.
The lawsuit developed into a test of the consanguinity of the claimant to the estate.
draftee; person forced into military service
Did Rambo volunteer to fight in Vietnam, or was he a conscript, drafted against his will?
Convinced of his own importance, the actor strutted about the dressing room with a consequential air.
school of the fine arts (especiallymusic or drama)
A gifted violinist, Marya was selected to study at the conservatory.
deliver officially; entrust; set apart
The court consigned the child to her paternal grandmother's care.
absence of contradictions; dependability; uniformity; degree of thickness
Holmes judged puddings and explanations on their consistency; he liked his puddings without lumps and
his explanations without improbabilities.
lessen sadness or disappointment; give comfort
When her father died, Marius did his best to console Cosette.
The congressman received hundreds of letters from angry constituents after the Equal Rights Amendment
failed to pass.
compulsion; repression of feelings
There was a feeling of constraint in the room because no one dared to criticize the speaker.
If I construe your remarks correctly, you disagree with the theory already advanced.
I have never seem anyone who makes as many stupid errors as you do; you must be a consummate idiot.
Fearing contagion, they took drastic steps to prevent the spread of the disease.
The sewage system of the city so contaminated the water that swimming was forbidden.
scorn; disdain Even if you feel superior to others, it is unwise to show your contempt for them.
struggle; compete; assert earnestly
In Revolt of the Black Athlete, sociologist Harry Edwards contends that young black athletes have been
exploited by some college recruiters.
writings preceding and following the passage quoted
Because these lines are taken out of context, they do not convey the message the author intended.
adjacent to; touching upon
The two countries are contiguous for a few miles; then they are separated by the gulf.
The continuation of this contract is contingent on the quality of your first output.
As the effects of the opiate wore away, the contortions of the patient became more violent and
demonstrated how much pain she was enduring.
illegal trade; smuggling; smuggled goods
The coast guard tries to prevent contraband in U.S. waters.
contradict; oppose: infringe on or transgress
Mr. Barrett did not expect his frail daughter Elizabeth to contravene his will by eloping with Robert
forced; artificial; not spontaneous
Feeling ill at ease with his new in-laws; James made a few contrived attempts at conversation and then
retreated into silence.
oppose with arguments; contradict
To controvert your theory will require much time but it is essential that we disprove it.
riddle; difficult problem
During the long car ride, she invented conundrums to entertain the children.
Because much is needed legislation had to be enacted, the governor ordered the legislature to convene in
special session by January 15.
His conventional upbringing left him wholly unprepared for his wife's eccentric family.
social or moral custom; established practice
Flying in the face of convention, George Sand (Amandine Dudevant) shocked her contemporaries by
taking lovers and wearing men's clothes.
Marchers converged on Washington for the great Save Our Cities-Save Our Children March.
one who has adopted a different religion or opinion
On his trip to Japan, though the President spoke at length about the merits of American automobiles, he
made few converts to his beliefs.
During the transit strike, commuters used various kinds of conveyances.
raised platform for guests of honor
When he approached the dais, he was greeted by cheers from the people who had come to honor him.
trifle with; procrastinate
Laertes told Ophelia that Hamlet could only dally with her affections.
neat and trim
In "The Odd Couple," Tony Randall played Felix Unger, an excessively dapper soul who could not stand
to have a hair out of place.
smear (as with paint)
From the way he daubed his paint on the canvas, I could tell he knew nothing of oils.
Despite the dangerous nature of the undertaking, the dauntless soldier volunteered for the assignment.
friendly; aiming to please
The debonair youth was liked by all who met him, because of his cheerful and obliging manner.
A full year after the earthquake in Mexico City, workers were still carting away the debris.
expose as false, exaggerated, worthless, etc.; ridicule
Pointing out that he conhsistently had voted afainst strenghtening antipollution legislation, reporters
debunked the candidate's claim that he was a fervent environmentalist.
yound woman making formal entrance into society
As a debutante, she was often mentioned in the society columns of the newspapers.
The moral decadence of the people was reflected in the lewd literature of the period.
kill, usually one out of ten
We do more to decimate our population in automobile accidents than we do in war.
having a low-cut neckline Fashion decrees that evening gowns be decollete this season; bare shoulders are again the vogue.
Despite the body's advanced state of decomposition, the police were able to identify the murdered man.
Shocked by the unruly behavior, the teacher criticized the class for its lack of decorum.
state of collagse caused by illness or old age
I was unprepared for the state of decrepitude in which I had found my old friend; he seemed to have aged
twenty years in six months.
express strong disapproval of ; disparage
The founder of the Children's Defense Fund, Marian Wright Edelman, strongly decries the lack of
financial and moral support for children in America today.
failure to do
As a result of her husband's failure to appear in court, she was granted a divorce by default.
resigned to defeat; accepting defeat as a natural outcome
If you maintain your defeatist attitude, you will never succeed.
The children, who had made him an idol, were hurt most by his defection from our cause.
courteous regard for another's wish
In deference to his desires, the employers granted him a holiday.
most reliable or complee
Carl Sandburg's Abraham Lincoln may be regarded as the definitive work on the life of the Great
In Vietnam the army made extensive use of chemical agents to defoliate the woodlands.
provide ofr the payment of
Her employer offered to defray the costs of her postgraduate education.
to strip a priest or minister of church authority
We knew the minister had violated church regulations, but we had not realized his offense was serious
enough to cause him to be defrocked.
dead; no longer in use or existence
The lawyers sought to examine the books of the defunct corporation.
become worse; deteriorate
As the fight dragged on, the champion's style degenerated until he could barely keep on his feet.
remove water from; dry out
Vigorous dancing quickly dehydrates the body; between dances, be sure to drink more water than normal.
Workers in nuclear research must avoid the deleterious effects of radioactive substances.
consider; ponder; unhurried
Offered the new job, she asked for time to deliberate before she made her decision.
flat plain of mud or sand between branches of a river
His dissertation discussed the effect of intermittent flooding on the fertility of the Nile delta.
deceptive; raising vain hopes
Do not raise your hopes on the basis of his delusive promises.
person who appeals to people's prejudice; false leader
He was accused of being a demogogue because he made promises that aroused futile hopes in his listeners.
He felt that he would demean himself if he replied to the scurrilous letter.
related to population balance
In conducting a survey, one should take into account demographic trends in the region.
One of the major aims of the air force was the complete demolition of all means of transportation by the
bombing of rail lines and the terminals.
pertaining to the people
He lamented the passing of aristocratic society and maintained that a demotic society would lower the
To demur at this time will only worsen the already serious situation; now is the time for action.
All attempts to denigrate the character of our late President have failed; the people still love him and
cherish his memory.
meaning; distinguishing by name
A dictionary will always give us the denotation of a word; frequently, it will always give us its connotation.
outcome; final development of the plot of a play or other literary work
The play was childishly written; the denouement was obvious to sophisticated theatergoers as early as the
middle of the first act.
The reform candidate denounced the corrupt city officers for having betrayed the public's trust.
We must wait until we deplete our present inventory before we order replacements.
People were shocked and dismayed when they learned of his duplicity in this affair, as he had always
seemed honest and straightforward.
Although I deplore the vulgarity of your language, I defend your right to express yourself freely.
move troops so that the battle line is extended at the expense of depth
The general ordered the battalion to deploy in order to meet the offensive of the enemy.
dethrone; remove form office
The army attempted to depose the king and set up a military government.
express disapproval of; protest against; belittle
A firm believer in old-fashioned courtesy, Miss Post deprecated the modern tendency to address new
acquaintances by their first names.
neglectful of duty; abandoned
The corporal who fell asleep while on watch was thrown into the guardhouse for being derelic in his duty.
unoriginal; obtained from another source
Although her early poetry was clearly derivative in nature, the critics thought she had promise and
eventually would find her own voice.
one who studies the skin and its diseases
I advise you to consult a dermatologist about your acne.
A tour of this smokehouse will give you an idea of how the pioneers used to desiccate food in order to
rob of joy; lay waste to; forsake
The bandits desolated the countryside, burning farms and carrying off the harvest.
depressed; gloomy To the dismay of his parents, he became more and more depondent every day.
aimless; haphazard; digressing at random
In prison Malcolm X set himself the task of reading straight through the dictionary; to him reading was
purposeful, not desultory.
emotionally removed; calm and objective; indifferent
A psychoanalyst must maintain a detached point of view and stay uninvolved with her patients' perssonal
having a fixed order of procedure; invariable
At the royal wedding, the procession of the nobles followed a determinate order of precedence.
something that discourages; hindrance
Does the threat of capital punishment serve as a deterrent to potential killers?
He is offended by your frequent detractions of his ability as a leader.
Your acceptance of her support will ultimately prove detrimental rather than helpful to your cause.
going astray; erratic
Your devious behavior in this matter puzzles me since you are usually direct and straightforward.
He was devoid of any personal desire for gain in his endeavor to secure improvement in the community.
deputize; pass to others
It devolved upon us, the survivors, to arrange peace terms with the enemy.
The magician was so dexterous that we could not follow his movements as he performed his tricks.
art of debate
I am not skilled in dialectic and therefore, cannot answer your arguments as forcefully as I wish.
bitter scolding; invective
During the lengthy diatribe delivered by his opponent he remained calm and self-controlled.
branching into two parts
The dichotomy of our legislative system provides us with many safeguards.
arthoritative and weighty statement
She repeated the statement as though it were the dictum of the most expert worker in the group.
teaching; instructional; preaching or moralizing
The didactic qualities of his poetry overshadow its literary qualities; the lesson he teaches is more
memorable than the lines.
device for stamping or impressing; mold
In coining pennies, workers at the old mint squeezed sheets of softened copper between two dies.
wordiness; spreading in all directions like a gas
Your composition suffers from a diffusion of ideas; try to be more compact.
wandering away from the subject
Nobody minded when Professor Renoir's lectures wandered away from their offical theme; his digressions
were always more fascinating than the topic of the day.
ruined because of neglect
We felt that the dilapidated building needed several coats of paint.
problem; choice of two unsatisfactory alternatives
In this dilemma, he knew no one to whom he could turn for advice.
aimless follower of the arts; amateur; dabbler
He was not serious in his painting; he was rather a dilettante.
steadiness of effort; persisten hard work
Her employers were greatly impressed by her diligence and offered her a partnership in the firm.
lessening; reduction in size
The blockaders hoped to achieve victory as soon as the diminution of the enemy's supplies became serious.
small boat (often ship's boat)
In the film Lifeboat, an ill-assorted group of passengers from a sunken ocean liner are marooned at sea in a
dull; not fresh; cheerless
Refusing to be depressed by her dingy studio apartment, Bea spent the weekend polishing the floors and
windows and hanging bright posters on the walls.
By dint of much hard work, the volunteers were able to control the raging forest fire.
continued loud noise
The din of the jackhammers outside the classroom window drowned out the lecturer's voice.
like-size, three-dimensional scene from nature or history
Because they dramatically pose actual stuffed animals against realistic painted landscapes, the dioramas at
the Museum of Natural History particularly impress high school biology students.
correct a false impression; undeceive
I will attempt to diabuse you of your impression of my client's guilt; I know he is innocent.
Once the most loyal of Gorbachev's supporters, Shverdnaze found himself becoming increasingly
The conservative father viewed his daughter's radical boyfriend with disapprobation.
a disorderly or untidy state
After the New Year's party, the once orderly house was in total disarray.
His disavowal of his part in the conspiracy was not believed by the jury.
mentally quick and observant; having insight
Because he was considered the most discerning member of the firm, he was assigned the most difficult
disown; renounce claim to
If I grant you this previlege, will you disclaim all other rights?
Although competitors offered him bribes, he refused to disclose any information about his company's
The novice square dancer became so discombobulated that he wandered into wrong set.
confuse; upset; embarrass
The lawyer was disconcerted by the evidence produced by her adversary.
formal disscussion; conversation
The young Plato was drawn to the Agora to hear the philosophical discourse of Socrates and his followers.
defame; destroy confidence in; disbelieve The campaign was highly negative in tone; each candidate tried to discredit the other.
lack of consistency; difference
The police noticed some discrepancies in his description of the crime and did not believe him.
prudence; ability to adjust actions to circumstances
Use your discretion in this matter and do not discuss it with anyone.
ability to see differences; prejudice
They feared he lacked sufficient discrimination to judge complex works of modern art.
go ashore; unload cargo from a ship
Before the passengers could disembark, they had to pick up their passports from the ship's purser.
deprive of a civil right
The imposition if the poll tax effectively disenfranchised poor Southern blacks, who lost their right to vote.
uncouple; separate; disconnect
A standard movie routine involves the hero's desperate attempt to disengage a railroad car from a moving
surrender something; efect; vomit
Unwilling to disgorge the cash he had stolen from the pension fund, the embezzler tried to run away.
not naive; sophisticated Although he was young, his remarks indicated that he was disingenous.
Thrusting her fist up under the choking man's lower ribs, Margaret used the Heimlich maneuver to
dislodge the food caught in this throat.
cut into small parts
When the Austrian Empire was dismembered, several new countries were established.
eliminate from consideration; reject
Believing in John's love for her, she dismissed the notion that he might be unfaithful.
basically different; unrelated
It is difficult, if not impossible, to organize these disparate elements into a coherent whole.
difference; condition of inequality
The disparity in their ages made no difference at all.
In a dispassionate analysis of the problem, he carefully examined the causes of the conflict and proceeded
to suggest suitable remedies.
speediness; prompt execution; message sent with all due speed
Young Napoleon defeated the enemy with all possible dispatch; he then sent a dispatch to headquarters,
informing his commander of the great victory.
scatter; drive away; cause to vanish
The bright sunlight eventually dispelled the morning mist.
lacking in spirit
The coach used all the tricks at his command to buoy up the enthusiasm of his team, which I had become dispirited at the loss of the star player.
The popularity of Florida as a winter resort is constantly increasing; each year, thousands more disport
themselves at Miami and Palm Beach.
argumentative; fond of argument
People avoided discussing contemporary problems with him because of his disputatious manner.
a formal systematic inquiry; an explanation of the results of a formal inquiry
In his disquisition, he outlined the steps he had taken in reaching his conclusions.
analysis; cutting apart in order to examine
The dissection of frogs on the laboratory is particularly unpleasant to some students.
Even though John tried to dissemble his motive for taking modern dance, we all knew there not to dance
but to meet girls.
scatter (like seeds)
The invention of the radio helped propagandists to disseminate their favorite doctrines very easily.
In a landmark Supreme Court decision, Justice Marshall dissented from the majority opinion.
In order to earn a graduate degree from many of our universities, a candidate is frequently required to
prepare a dissertation on some scholarly subject.
In the purge that followed the student demonstrations at Tianamen Square, the government hunted down
the dissident students and their supporters.
pretend; conceal by feigning
She tried to dissimulate her grief by her exuberant attitude.
disintegration; looseness in morals
The profligacy and dissolution of life in Caligula's Rome appall some historians.
Some contemporary musicians deliberately use dissonance to achieve certain effects.
reserved or aloof; cold in manner His distant greeting made me feel unwelcome from the start.
I can tell when he is under stress by the way the veins distend on his forehead.
purify; refine; concentrate
A moonshiner distills mash into whiskey; an epigrammatist distills thoughts into quips.
twisting out of shape
It is difficult to believe the newspaper accounts of this event because of the distortions and exaggerations
of the reporters.
Because of his concentration on the problem, the professor often appeared distrait and unconcerned about
upset; distracted by anxiety
The distraught parents frantically searched the ravine for their lost child.
A farmer cannot neglect his diurnal tasks at any time; cows, for example, must be milked regularly.
operatic singer; prima donna
Although world famous as a diva, she did not indulge in fits of temerament.
The two witnesses presented the jury with remarkably divergent accounts of the same epipode.
vary; go in different directionsfrom the same point
The spokes of the wheel diverge from the hub.
differing in some characteristics; various
There are diverse ways of approaching this problem.
act of turning aside; pastime
After studying for several hours, he needed a diversion from work.
The diversity of colleges in this country indicates that many levels of ability are being served.
perceive intuitively; foresee the future
Nothing infuriated Tom more than Aunt Polly's ability to divine when he was not telling the truth.
obedient; easily managed
As docile as he seems today, that old lion was once a ferocious, snarling beast.
program asfor trial; book where such entries are made
The case of Smith v. Jones was entered in the docket for July 15.
unable to compromise about points of doctrine; dogmatic; unyielding
Weng had hoped that the student-led democracy movement might bring about change in China, but the
repressive response of the doctrinaire hard-liners crushed his dreams of democracy.
provide written evidence
She kept all the receipts from her business trip in order to document her expenses for the firm.
shaky; infirm from old age
Although he is not as yet a doddering and senile old man, his ideas and opinions no longer can merit the
respect we gave them years ago.
Les Miserables tells of Inspector Javert's long, dogged pursuit of the criminal Jean Valjean.
Although we find occasional snatches of genuine poetry in her work, most of her writing is mere doggerel.
blues; listlessness; slack period
Once the excitement of meeting her deadline was over, she found herself in the doldrums.
He found the dolorous lamentations of the bereaved family emotionally disturbing and he left as quickly as
I thought I was talking to a mature audience; instead, I find myself addressing a pack of dolts.
Althoughhis legal domicile was in New York City, his work kept him away from his residence for many
When Clark Kent had to don his Superman outfit, he changed clothes in a convenient phone booth.
sleeping; lethargic; torpid
Sometimes dormant talents in our friends surprise those of us who never realize how gifted our
acquaintances really are.
window projecting from roof
In remodeling the attic into a bedroom, we decided that we needed to put in dormers to provide sufficient
ventilation for the new room.
relating to the back of an animal
A shark may be identified by its dorsal fin, which projects above the surface of the ocean.
file of documents on a subject
Ordered by J. Edgar Hoover to investigate the senator, the FBI compiled a complete dossier.
be excessively fond of; show signs of mental decline
Not only grandmothers bore you with stories about their brilliant grandchildren; grandfathers dote on the
littel rascals, too.
Cheerful and optimistic by nature, Beth was never downcast despite the difficulties she faced.
dull; lacking color; cheerless
The Dutch woman's drab winter coat contrasted with the distinctive, colorful native costume she wore
queer and amusing
He was a popular guest because his droll anecdotes were always entertaining.
idle person; male bee
Content to let his wife support him, the would-be writer was in reality nothing but a drone.
talk dully; buzz or murmur like a bee
On a gorgeous day, who wants to be stuck in a classroom listening to the teacher drone?
waste matter; worhtless impurities
Many methods have been devised to separate the valuable metal from the dross.
malleability; flexibility; ability to be drawn out
Copper wire has many industrial uses because of its extreme ductility.
The dulcet sounds of the birds at dawn were soon drowned out by the roar of traffic passing our motel.
someone easily fooled
While the gullible Watson often was made a dupe by unscrupulous parties, Sherlock Holmes was far more
difficult to fool.
forcible restraint, especially unlawfully
The hostages were held under duress until the prisoners' demands were met.
The dutiful child grew up to be a conscientious adult aware of his civic obligations.
A dynamic government is necessary to meet the demands of a changing society.
showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm His ebullient nature could not be repressed.
Some of his friends tried to account for his rudeness to strangers as the eccentricity of genius.
pertaining to the church
The minister donned his ecclesiastic garb and walked to the pulpit.
selective; composed of elements drawn from disparate sources
His style of interior decoration was eclectic: bits and pieces of furnishings from widely divergent periods,
strikingly juxtaposed to create a unique color.
darken; extinguish; surpass
The new stock market high eclipsed the previous record set in 1985.
person concerned with the interrelationship between living organisms and their environment
The ecologist was concerned that the new dam would upset the natural balance of the creatures living in
efficiency or conciseness in using something
Reading the epigrams of Pope, I admire the economy of his verse: in few words he conveys worlds of
rapture, joy; any overpowering emotion
The announcement that the war had ended brought on an ecstasy that resulted in many uncontrolled
swirling current of water, air, etc.
The water in the tide pool was still, except for an occasional eddy.
instruct; correct morally
Although his purpose was to edify and not to entertain his audience, many of his listeners were amused
and not enlightened.
inner excitement; exuberance
Nothing depressed her for long; her natural effervescence soon reasserted itself.
worn out; exhausted; barren
The literature of the age reflected the effete condition of the writers; no new ideas were forthcoming.
power to produce desired effect
The efficacy of this drug depends on the regularity of the dosage.
Air pollution has become a serious problem in our major cities; the effluvium and the poisons in the air are
hazards to life.
pouring forth; gushing
Her effusive manner of greeting her friends finally began to irritate them.
excessive interest in one's self; belief that one should be interested in one's self rather than in
His egoism prevented him from seeing the needs of his colleagues.
She thought so much of herself that we found her egotism unwarranted and irritating.
notorious; conspicuously bad; shocking
She was an egregious liar; we all knew better than to believe a word she said.
Barnum's sign "To the Egress" fooled many people who thought they were going to see an animal and
instead found themselves in the street.
overjoyed; in high spirits
Grinning from ear to ear, Bonnie Blair was clearly elated by her Olympic victory.
poem or song expressing lamentation On the death of Edward King, Milton composed the elegy "Lycidas."
cure-all; something invigorating
The news of her chance to go abroad acted on her like an elixir.
omission of words from a text
Sometimes an ellipsis can lead to a dangling modifier, as in the sentence "Once dressed, you should
refrigerate the potato salad.
oval; ambiguous, either purposely or because key words have been left out
An elliptical billiad ball wobbles because it is not perfectly round; an elliptical remark baffles because it is
not perfectly clear.
expressiveness; persuasive speech
The crowds were stirred by Martin Luther King's eloquence.
evasive; baffling; hard to grasp
His elusive dreams of wealth were costly to those of his friends who supported him financially.
At first, the attempts of the Abolitioninst to emancipate the slaves were unpopular in New England as well
as in the South.
ban on commerce or other activity
As a result of the embargo, trade with colonies was at a standstill.
commence; go on board a boat; begin a journey
In devoting herself to the study of gorillas, Dian Fossey embarked on a course of action that was to cost
her her life.
enclose; place in something
Tales of actual historical figures like King Alfred have become embedded in legends.
adorn My mother-in-law's stories about her journey from Russia made us laugh because she embellished the bare
facts of her travels with humourous acecdotes.
throw into confusion
He became embroiled in the heated discussion when he tried to arbitrate the dispute.
The evil of class and race hatred must be eliminated while it is still in an embryonic state; otherwise, it may
grow to dangerous proportions.
correction of errors; improvement
Please initial all the emendations you have made in this contract.
substance causing vomiting
The use of an emetic like mustard is useful in cases of poisoning.
After his appointment to this emiment position, he seldom had time for his former friends.
The secretary of State was sent as the President's special emissary to the conference on disarmament.
In addition to the emolument this position offers, you must consider the social prestige it carries with it.
ability to identify with another's feelings, ideas, etc
What made Ann such a fine counselor was her empathy, her ability to put herself in her client's place and
feel his emotions as if they were her own.
based on experience
He distrusted hunches and intuitive flashes; he placed his reliance entirely on empirical data.
As long as our political leaders emulate the virtues of the great leaders of this country, we shall flourish.
Some critics believe that his encomiastic statements about Napoleon were inspired by his desire for
material advancement rather than by an honest belief in the Emperor's genius.
high praise; eulogy
Uneasy with the encomiums expressed by his supporters, Tolkien felt unworthy of such high praise.
Although we were encompassed by enemy forces, we were cheerful for we were well stocked and could
withstand a siege until our allies joined us.
The encroachment of the factories upon the neighborhood lowered the value of the real estate.
fond word or act
Your gifts and endearments cannot make me forget your earlier insolence.
prevailinig among a specific group of people or in a specific are or country
This disease is endemic in this part of the world; more than 80 percent of the population are at one time or
another affected by it.
Everyone waited to see which one of the rival candidates for the city council the mayor would endorse.
Keats believed in the enduring power of great art, which outlast its creator's brief lives.
She was slow to recover from her illness; even a short walk to the window evervated her.
admit to the rights of citizenship (especially the right to vote)
Although blacks were enfranchised shortly after the Civil War, women did not receive the right to vote
attract; hire; pledge oneself; confront
"Your case has engaged my interest, my lord," said Holmes, "You many engage my services."
To receive praise for real accomplishments engenders self-confidence in a child.
Your chances for promotion in this department will be enhanced if you take some more courses in evening
command; order; forbid
The owners of the company asked the court to enjoin the union from picketing the plant.
ill will; hatred
At Camp David President Carter labored to bring an end to the enmity that prevented Egypt and Israel
from living in peace.
The monotonous routine of hopital life induced a feeling of ennui which made him moody and irritable.
hugeness (in a bad sense)
He did not realize the enormity of his crime until he saw what suffering he had caused.
The audience was enraptured by the freshness of the voices and the excellent orchestration.
The parents thought that their children were ensconced safely in the private school and decided to leave
As soon as the charter was adopted, the United Nations became an entity and had to be considered as a
factor in world diplomacy.
study of insects
I found entomology the least interesting part of my course in biology; studying insects bored me.
put under a spell; carry away with emotion
Shafts of sunlight on a wall could entrance her and leave her spellbound.
entrance; a way in
Because of his wealth and social position, he had entree into the most exclusive circles.
Opponents of our present tax program argue that it discourages entrepreneurs from trying new fields of
list; mention one by one
Huck hung his head in shame as Miss Watson enumerated his many flaws.
ornament worn on the shoulder (of a uniform, etc.)
The shoulder loops on Sam Spade's trench coat are the nonmilitary counterparts of the fringed epaulets on
George Washington's uniform.
connoisseur of food and drink
epicures frequent this restaurant because it features exotic wines and dishes.
long heroic poem, novel, or similar work of art
Kurosawa's film Seven Samurai is an epic portraying the struggle of seven warriors to destroy a band of
witty thought or saying, usually short
Poor Richard's epigrams made Benjamin Franklin famous.
short speech at conclusion of dramatic work
The audience was so disappointed in the play that many did not remain to hear the epilogue.
Though he tried to follow the plot of Gravity's Rainbow, John found the novel too episodic.
philosopher who studies the nature of knowledge
"What is more important, a knowledge of nature of the nature of knowledge?" the epistemologist asked the
inscription in memory of a dead person
In his will, he dictated the epitaph he wanted placed on his tombstone.
word or phrase characteristically used to describe a person or thing
So many kings of France were named Charles that modern students need epithets to tell them apart:
Charles the Wise, for example, was someone far different from Charles the Fat.
perfect example or embodiment
Singing "I am the very model of a modern Major-General" in The Pirates of Penzance, Major-General
Stanley proclaimed himself the epitome of an officer and a gentleman.
tranquil; steady; uniform
After the hot summers and cold winters of New England, he found the climate of the West Indies equable
calmness of temperament
In his later years, he could look upon the foolishness of the world with equanimity and humor.
rider on horseback
These paths in the park are reserved for equestrians and their steeds.
period of equal days and nights; the beginning of spring and autumn
The vernal equinox is usually marked by heavy rainstorms.
balance; balancing force; equilibrium
The high-wire acrobat used his pole as an equipose to overcome the swaying caused by the wind.
I am seeking an equitable solution to this dispute, one which will be fair and acceptable to both sides.
lie; mislead; attempt to conceal the truth
The audience saw through his attempts to equivocate on the subject under discussion and ridiculed his
pertaining to passionate love
The erotic passages in this novel should be removed as they are merely pornographic.
Many a charming tale has been written about the knights-errant who helped the weak and punished the
guilty during the Age of Chivalry.
His erudite writing was difficult to read because of the many allusions which were unfamiliar to most
prank; flighty conduct
The headmaster could not regard this latest escapade as a boyish joke and expelled the young man.
hard to understand; known only to the chosen few
New Yorker short stories often include esoteric allusions to obscure people and events: the implication is if
you are in the in-crowd, you'll get the reference; if you come from Cleveland, you won't.
In order to maintain its power, the government developed a system of espionage that penetrated every
repect; value; judge
I esteem Ezra Pound both for his exciting poetry and for his acute comments on literature.
relating to races
Intolerance between ethnic groups is deplorable and usually is based on lack of information.
underlying character of a culture, group, etc.
Seeing how tenderly Spaniards treated her small daughter made author Barbara Kingsolver aware of how
greatly children were valued in the Spanish ethos.
pertaining to the improvement of race
It is easier to apply eugenic principles to the raising of racehorses or prize cattle than t the development of
All the eulogies of his friends could not remove the sting of the calumny heaped upon him by his enemies.
mild expression in place of an unpleasant one
The expression "he passed away" is a euphemism for "he died."
Noted for its euphony even when it is spoken, the Italian language is particularly pleasing to the ear when
feeling of exaggerated (or unfounded) well-being
"Jill's been on cloud nine ever since Jacj asked her out," said Betty, dismissing her friend's euphoria.
Many people support euthanasia for terminally ill patients who wish to die.
For a brief moment, the entire skyline was bathed in an orange-red hue in the evanescent rays of the
not frank; eluding
Your evasive answers convinced the judge that you were witholding important evidence.
Do men and women receive evenhanded treatment from their teachers, or, as recent studies suggest, do teachers pay more attention to male students than to females?
When he tried to answer the questions, he evinced his ignorance of the subject matter.
The flock of sheep was made up of dozens of ewes, together with only a handful of rams.