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Large circular cavity in each side of the pelvis that articulates with the head of the femur to form the hip joint.
Form of rheumatoid arthritis that primarily causes inflammation of the joints between the vertebrae
Surgical fusion of two bones to stiffen a join, such as an ankle, elbow, or shoulder. Done to treat severe arthritis or damaged joint.
Bone Marrow Transplant/BMT
Healthy bone marrow stem cells are transfused into recipient's blood. These cells migrate to the spongy bone , where they multiply to form cancer-free red bone marrow
Dual X-ray Absorptiometry/DXA
Low-exposure radiographic measurement of the spine and hips to measure bone density
Bone disorder of unknown cause that destroys normal bone structure and replaces it with fibrous tissue, which leads to uneven growth, brittleness, and deformity of the affected bones.
Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis
Autoimmune disorder that affects children aged 16 years or less with symptoms that include stiffness, pain, joint welling, skin rash, fever, slowed growth a, and fatigue.
Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug/ NSAID
Relieve mild to moderate pain and reduce inflammation; ex. Ibuprofen and naproxen
Physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders involving the bones, joints, and muscles
Mechanical appliance, such as a leg brace or splint, that is specially designed to control, correct, or compensate for impaired limb function
Wear-and-tear arthritis, degenerative desease that is characterized by wearing away of the articular cartilage within the joints.
Marked loss of bone density and an increase in bone porosity that is frequently associated with aging.
Bone disease of unknown cause. Characterized by the excessive breakdown of bone tissue followed by abnormal bone formation. New bone is structurally enlarged but weakened and filled with new blood vessels.
Weakened bone breaks under normal strain. Bones weakened by osteoporosis or to a disease process like cancer
Bone cement is injected to stabilize compression fractures within the spinal column
Holds a Doctor of Podiatry degree and specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the foot
Chronic autoimmune disorder in which the joints and some organs of other body systems are attacked
Congenital defect that occurs during early pregnancy when the spinal canal fails to close completely around the spinal cord to protect it
Forward slipping movement of the body of one of the lower lumbar vertebrae on the vertebra or sacrum below it.
Total Hip Replacement/THR
Plastic lining is fitted into acetabulum and head of femur is removed and replaced with a metal ball attached with a metal shaft that is fitted into the femur
Bursa, fibrous sac that acts as cushion to ease movement in areas that are subject to friction
Bone Reabsorption (or resorption) Inhibitor Drug Classification
Decreases release of enzyme that causes bone cell breakdown; ex. Alendronate, ibanodronate (boniva)
Opioid Drug Classification
Relieve moderate to severe pain; ex. Fentanyl, hydromorphone, meperidine (Demerol), Morphine, Propoxyphene hydrochloride
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