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28 terms

Ancient Greece

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Where did the name "minoan" come from?
The Minoan culture was named after the legendary king of Crete, King Minos.
Where the Minoans traders or conquerors?
they were traders
Knossos
the main city of the Minoan culture. Also where they Minoan leaders lived. A Greek myth of the labyrinth took place here
The Achaeans
the people who fought the Trojans in the Trojan War.
Minos
means "king" so King Minos means King King
The Achaeans/Mycenaeans
the first "real" Greeks. lived on the Greek mainland. They were Indo/European people and were very violent.
The Dorians
all about war, were the reason for the dark ages, took over the Mycenaens. went back to pre civilization stage.
Classical Greece
the golden age of Greece it was an age of growth
The Polis
a Greek city-state. had two main parts: the acropolis and the walled main city.
The Acropolis
the temple area of the city, usually on a hilltop, that included temples to various gods and goddesses
Walled Main City
the area on flat land that included markets, theaters, other public buildings and homes.
Persian Wars
Conflicts between Greek city-states and the Persian Empire
Monarchy
rule by a crowned head
Aristocracy
rule by a small landholding noble elite
Oligarchy
rule by a small powerful elite, usually business class (after the rise of the middle class)
Middle Class
not poor, not nobility, and has money
Sparta
Greek city-state started by the Dorians int he Southern Peloponnese. it was ruled by a dual monarchy and is known for its strong military
Athens
the center for learning and culture in Ancient Greece. ruled by a monarchy then an aristocracy then a tyranny then a democracy.
Merchants
who were becoming wealthy but did not have much power
Soldiers
who felt they were doing crucial work for the city-state but without a voice in government
Artisans
who came from foreign places and were not citizens
Farmers
who fed the population but were not considered important
the Archon
the man who actually ran Athens during the time of the aristocracy
Solon was an archron and he
outlawed debt slavery and freed debt slaves
gave citizenship to some foreigners
gave the assembly greater voice in government
encouraged eco reforms
Women in Athens
Upper class women were secluded at home and not allowed in public life. Poorer women worked as shepherds or artisans
Education
Women were not educated, but men's education was not confined only to military matters. They were taught music, poetry, speaking, and writing. They were especially taught to speak well so they would be effective citizens in the assembly.
Greek Religion
was polytheistic.
Non Greeks were considered
barbaric

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