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Where did the name "minoan" come from?

The Minoan culture was named after the legendary king of Crete, King Minos.

Where the Minoans traders or conquerors?

they were traders


the main city of the Minoan culture. Also where they Minoan leaders lived. A Greek myth of the labyrinth took place here

The Achaeans

the people who fought the Trojans in the Trojan War.


means "king" so King Minos means King King

The Achaeans/Mycenaeans

the first "real" Greeks. lived on the Greek mainland. They were Indo/European people and were very violent.

The Dorians

all about war, were the reason for the dark ages, took over the Mycenaens. went back to pre civilization stage.

Classical Greece

the golden age of Greece it was an age of growth

The Polis

a Greek city-state. had two main parts: the acropolis and the walled main city.

The Acropolis

the temple area of the city, usually on a hilltop, that included temples to various gods and goddesses

Walled Main City

the area on flat land that included markets, theaters, other public buildings and homes.

Persian Wars

Conflicts between Greek city-states and the Persian Empire


rule by a crowned head


rule by a small landholding noble elite


rule by a small powerful elite, usually business class (after the rise of the middle class)

Middle Class

not poor, not nobility, and has money


Greek city-state started by the Dorians int he Southern Peloponnese. it was ruled by a dual monarchy and is known for its strong military


the center for learning and culture in Ancient Greece. ruled by a monarchy then an aristocracy then a tyranny then a democracy.


who were becoming wealthy but did not have much power


who felt they were doing crucial work for the city-state but without a voice in government


who came from foreign places and were not citizens


who fed the population but were not considered important

the Archon

the man who actually ran Athens during the time of the aristocracy

Solon was an archron and he

outlawed debt slavery and freed debt slaves
gave citizenship to some foreigners
gave the assembly greater voice in government
encouraged eco reforms

Women in Athens

Upper class women were secluded at home and not allowed in public life. Poorer women worked as shepherds or artisans


Women were not educated, but men's education was not confined only to military matters. They were taught music, poetry, speaking, and writing. They were especially taught to speak well so they would be effective citizens in the assembly.

Greek Religion

was polytheistic.

Non Greeks were considered


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