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Chapter 1.1: Intro to Culture, Society, & Politics
Terms in this set (81)
It is a distinctive characteristic that defines an individual or is shared by those belonging to a particular group
Identity is a _________________ that defines an individual or is shared by those belonging to a particular group
it defines an individual
it is shared by those belonging to a particular group
Daughter, Son, Brother, Sister
Examples of Identity in a family
student council, club member, org member, varsity player, music enthusiast, performance artist
Examples of Identity of school
Sexual orientation & gender, and nationality
Factors that influence identity
example: Filipino, Japanese, Korean etc.
Sexual Orientation and gender
Male, Female, Transgenders, transexuals, intersex, gender queers
It can also change over the course of a person's lifetime.
It continuously shaped and reshaped through the passage of time as well ad the overall context of one's life cycle.
Son to father, daughter to mother, student to doctor
Example of change of identity over the course of a person's lifetime
individual, group behavior, views
(importance of identity) identity shapes both ______ and _______ as well as people's ______ about other people.
self, culture, society, identities
(importance of identity) learning one's _____, ______, and ______ entails knowledge about various _______ and how these shape people's view and behavior.
(importance of identity) Helps a person to understand that identities are ______ and _______.
importance of identity
Ex. To understand why muslim does not eat pork and To avoid stereotyping on 'istambays'
Defined as society's way of life
(importance of identity) Enables a person to appreciate what makes him _______ to and ________ from other people.
Provides basis for forging identities
Allows people to understand themselves in relation to others.
Provides them a lens through which they base what is considered the "right way" of doing things.
way of life
culture is defined as society's _____________.
culture provides the basis for _____________.
themselves in relation to others.
culture allows people to understand ______________.
lens, right way
culture provides a _______ through which they base what is considered the "________" of doing things.
material dimension of culture
clothes, music, food are examples of
Non Material Dimension
interpretations of others behavior, based as what is right or wrong (belief, religion, morality) are examples of
It refers to group of people living in a community.
Society refers to a group of people living in a ___________.
all societies have some form of ___________ depending on geographical origin, religion and class.
geographical origin, religion, class
all societies have some form of subcultures depending on ________, _________ and __________.
Maclver and Page
"Society is a web social relationship, which is constantly changing"
Social change, culture change, political change
These concepts relate to the concept of identity.
what year did Filipinos its first elections, only male voters and participants.
What year did Filipino women became more educated and enlightened about their rights (esp. suffrage / right to vote)
term meaning right to vote
when did the campaign for women's suffrage gain ground?
The 1935 Constitution
its framers allowed women to vote by virtue of the law that was passed by the National Assembly.
The 1935 Constitution
This law mandated a plebiscite on the question of Filipino women suffrage which required 300,000 votes to grant women the right to vote (suffrage).
Year when the results of the plebiscite yielded more than 400,000 votes in favor of women's suffrage.
It is said to be the precursor of current rights that women enjoy.
It is a good example of how political and social changes have transformed Filipino women's identities.
Rapidly advancing technology
It has profound implications for sociocultural and political change.
sociocultural, political change
Rapidly advancing technology also has profound implications for ________ and _________.
Rapidly advancing technology
Because of this people know more about what is happening in this world
Through the rapid advancement of technology, people are becoming more similar in tastes than they were ______ years ago.
Clothing, hairstyle, fashion style, food choices
Trends that transformed over time
What percent of the Ph population is now abroad either as temporary migrants or permanent immigrants?
temporary migrants, permanent immigrants
10% percent of the Ph population is now abroad either as _________ or ________.
Filipino Working Abroad
because of their perceived success, there is a high societal expectation from them ex. Pasalubong
Modern day heroes
Filipino working abroad or OFWs are regarded as ___________.
Fil restaurants and groceries abound, Fil nurses abroad are known for their kindness and care for patients esp to the elderly
positive effects of Filipino Working Abroad
transnational families (esp. children) no longer identify whose members live in the same house, interact through internet and socmed forms only xoxad
Negative effects of Filipino Working Abroad
is creating social, cultural, political changes both here and abroad
It is where the disciplines under which identity, culture, society, and politics are studies.
Comprises a wide array of academic disciplines thats study the overall functions of society as well as the interactions among its individual members and institution.
Anthropology, sociology, political science
3 prominent disciplines of social sciences
Systematic study of the biological, cultural, and social aspects of man.
anthropos (man), logos (study/inquiry)
Anthropology derived from Greek words ___________ and ___________.
significant branch knowledge bec. It integrates elements from biological sciences and humanities to fully comprehend the complex of human species, including their pas practices, social patterns, across diverse cultures.
Edward Burnett Taylor, Franz Boas, Alfred Kroeber, Bronislaw Malinowski, Clifford Geertz, Margaret Mead
Social anthropology, cultural anthropology, linguistic anthropology, biological/physical anthropology, archeology
Fields of study/areas of interest among anthropologists
Studies how social patterns and practices and cultural variations develop across different societies.
Studies cultural variations across different societies and examines the need to understand each culture in its own context.
Studies language and discourse and how they reflect and shape diff aspects of human society and culture
Studies the origin of humans and the interplay between social factors and the processes of human evolution, adaptation, and variation over time.
Deals with prehistoric societies by studying their tools and environment.
it is an academic discipline that attempts to provide a deeper assessment of individual and group behavior and the phenomena by examining the interplay between economic, political, and social factors.
He defines sociology as "it is the study of human social life, groups and society."
it is the study of human social life, groups, and society (Anthony Giddens)
August Comte, Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx, Emile Dukheim, Max Weber
People shaping sociology through their works
culture, gender, race, ethnicity, social movements, class and other form of social stratification, crime, and other orgs and institutions ( GRESCCCO )
sociologists examine and present new insights and perspectives on the diff elements and aspects of society such as _____, _____, _____,_____, _____, _____,_____, _____, (8)
it is the systematic study of politics
He defines Polsci as "the activity through which people male, preserve, and amend the general rules under which they live."
it focuses on fundamental values of equality, freedom, and justice and its processes are linked to the dynamics of conflict, resolution, and cooperation.
Plato, Aristotle, Niccolo Machiavelli, Jean Jacques Rousseau, Baron de Montesquieu, Thomas Hobbes, John Lock, Karl Marx
Influential people in the field of science (8)
Importance of polsci
help us understand the nature and characteristics of authority and power distribution and how it shapes the way society is organized (analyzes systems of governance, lawmaking process, political behavior and ethics, etc)
(areas of interest in polsci) examines how the gov functions and how decisions and polices are made
(areas of interest in polsci) evaluates the interplay between economics, politics and law and its implications to various institutions within society.
(areas of interest in polsci) compares domestic politics and governance systems across different sovereign states.
power, authority, law, justice
Other importance of polsci is to analyze concepts, theories, and doctrines such as _______, _______,________, and _______.
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