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28 terms

Islam

Islam Vocabulary
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Allah
The name of God.
Ayat
Translates directly to mean "signs" but means "verses", as in the Qur'an.
Ghusl
Ritual cleansing of the entire body; an act of purification so that an individual can participate in prayer, attend the mosque or touch the Qur'an.
Hadith
Traditions based on the teachings and sayings of the Prophet. They are the second source of law for Muslims; the Qur'an is the first source.
Hajj
Pilgrimage to Makkah; the fifth Pillar of the Islamic Faith.
Hijab
A headscarf worn by women as a sign of modesty.
Hijrah
The migration of Muhammad from Makkah to Madinah. The Islamic lunar calendar begins from the lunar year of the hijrah ( 622 CE).
Idolatry
The worshipping of objects, usually sculptures or paintings, as gods.
imam
Muslim prayer leader.
Islam
Muslim prayer leader.
Jihad
Literally means "striving" ; striving to obey the commands of God; often translated by non - Muslims as holy war.
Ka'bah
A cube-shaped building that Abraham built under divine inspiration and dedicated to one God.
Mi'raj
The ascension of Muhammad into Heaven.
Mosque
Muslim place of worship.
Muslim
Literally means "one who submits" to the will of God; an adherent of teh Islamic Faith.
Polygamy
The practice of having more than one wife at a time; under certain conditions, Islam allows for men to marry up to four wives.
Polytheism
The belief in numerous gods.
Qur'an
The holy book of Islam, seen as God's word and not Muhammad's word even though Muhammad conveyed it.
Revelation
A special infallible kind of inspiration ( Arabic: wahi) reserved for only those who are appointed by God as Prophets ( as distinct from a normal kind of inspiration experienced by other people).
Salat
Ritual prayer ( or service of worship) that takes place before dawn, early afternoon, late-afternoon, soon after sunset and then an hour and a half later in the evening; the second Pillar of the Islamic faith.
Sawm
Mandatory fasting during Ramadan, the ninth month. Muslims may fast on several other occasions in addition to this; the fourth Pillar of the Islamic faith.
Shahadah
The Islamic creed or declaration of faith: There is no god but God and Muhammad is the Messenger of God. It is the first Pillar of the Islamic faith.
Shari'ah
Islamic law; based on the Qur'an, the Sunnah (ie. the examples set by the Prophet)
Sunnah
The practices, traditions, and example set by the Prophet.
Surah
A chapter in the Qur'an.
Wudu
Ablution; ritual cleansing of certain parts of the body performed prior to salat prayers, other acts of worship and other religious practices; literally and spiritually means "making pure or radiant."
Zakat
Giving alms to the poor and needy; the third Pillar of the Islamic faith.
Ali
assumed leadership of a divided Muslim community.