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Chp 1 Quiz His
Terms in this set (31)
A differentiating characteristic between Egyptian civilization and Sumerian civilization was that
the Egyptians did not have to contend with a hostile and unpredictable environment.
Although early writing was produced using pointed sticks, around 3100 B.C.E. Sumerian scribes advanced writing with durable reeds that
produced wedge-like script called cuneiform
As the cities in Mesopotamia became more complex,_____ developed, which bound them closer to each other and to other settlements in the Mediterranean.
Between 40,000 and 11, B.C.E., _______ was one of the earliest developments that led to managed food production.
By becoming a "lawgiver," Hammurabi:
set a new standard of kinship
Cave paintings, such as those found in Lascaux, France, are evidence of development of
language and other sophisticated modes of communication.
Compared to women in Mesopotamia, women in ancient Egypt
enjoyed unusual freedoms by standards of the ancient world
Early settled communities, such as Catalhoyuk, produced food by
agricultural production, herding, hunting, and gathering wild foods.
Historians typically divide ancient Egyptian history into _________ to facilitate the discussion of Egyptian politics and culture.
kingdoms and periods
In early dynastic Sumer, each city was ruled by successful war leaders, a "big man" called a/n ______+_
One of the fundamental technological achievements of the Sumerians was
the invention of the wheel
One of the lasting influences of Sumerian science and technology in modern times is
our division of time into hours, minutes, and seconds
_____ was the Egyptian god of the underworld, through whom men could enjoy immortality in the afterlife.
What BEST describes the character of Egyptian civilization?
no world civilization was governed as long and as steadily as ancient Egypt
Ur-Nammu built the great Ziggurat at_____
Under Sargon and Naram-Sin, civilization in Mesopotamia
became an almost indistinguishable blend of Sumerian and Akkadian elements.
The physical labor that built the Egyptian pyramids was MOSTLY provided by
willing peasant farmers.
One of the notable characteristics of civilization was the development
The large necropolis ("city of the dead") discovered along the Nile (in present-day Sudan) in 2017-2018 was built by ______.
Recently discovered funerary texts found in what is now Somalia indicate that Nubia
was a matrilineal society.
The key change that allowed for the development of larger settlements and cities was
a shift from food gathering to food production.
Sargon of Akkad (c. 2350 b.c.e.) is significant because
subdued a number of Sumerian cities, knitting together perhaps the first "empire."
The first Egyptian cities developed
in upper Egypt
Some scholars suggest that a new planetary epoch has begun, as human environment alterations have begun to replace preexisting geological and natural climatologist fluctuations. This new epoch is known as the
The earliest cities in Mesopotamia were founded by the
The Code of Hammurabi
focused most of its law on free commoners.
The civilization that emerged in ancient Egypt arose
at about the same time as that of ancient Sumer.
The Egyptian Middle Kingdom differed from the Old Kingdom in that, during the Middle Kingdom
the government was based in Thebes rather than Memphis
The Narmer Palette is probably a visual record of what event?
the unification of Upper and Lower Egypy
The Egyptian system of hieroglyphics was
deciphered by Champollion using the Rosetta Stone
The Epic of Gilgamesh, which describes the dramatic confrontation between Gilgamesh and Enkidu and its aftermath, illustrates that
the forces of nature cannot be overcome by civilization, and death is inevitable
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