State the arguments for preserving species and habitats

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Terms in this set (...)

ETHICAL REASONS
- Each species has a RIGHT to exist (a BIORIGHT) --> unrelated to human NEEDS
- Biodiversity should be preserved for its own sake --> humans have a RESPONSIBILITY to act as STEWARDS of the Earth
AESTHETIC REASONS
- Source of BEAUTY
- People rely on wild places for SPIRITUAL fulfillment
GENETIC REASONS
- Wild animals & plants are SOURCES of genes for HYBRIDIZATION & GENETIC ENGINEERING
COMMERCIAL REASONS
- Ecotourism: Financial benefits while traveling SUSTAINABLY
- Recreational: People take vacations on areas surrounded by NATURAL beauty and NATIONAL parks (examples: skiing, scuba diving, hiking)
HOW IT HELPS SUPPORT ECOSYSTEMS
- The MORE species --> more COMPLEX food webs
- Therefore: Ecosystems become more RESILIENT to the loss of a species/reduction of population
- Because: If PREY or PREDATOR is LOST --> other species can fill in GAP.
SO BASICALLY...
- The more species --> more FORMS of lives
- More species diversity --> more RESILIENCE to threats to diversity