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24 terms

Micro chapter 13

STUDY
PLAY
Bacteremia
The presence of small numbers of bacteria in the blood
Endemic
A disease that has a steady frequency over time in a particular geographic location
Escherichia
All of the following genera are considered resident biota of skin sites except
Vector
An animal, such as an arthropod, that transmits a pathogen from one host to another is a
Fomite
An inanimate object that harbors and transmits a pathogen is a
Endogenous
An infectious agent already existing on or in the body are called
Biological vectors
Animals that participate in the life cycles of pathogens and transmit pathogens from host to host are
Sequelae
Diseases that cause long-term or permanent damage leave
All are correct
Each of the following are inoculation of normal biota to a newborn except
True
Fomites, food, and air serve as indirect transmission routes of pathogens
Asymptomatic
Infections that go unnoticed because there are no symptoms are called
True
Latency is a dominant state of an infectious agent
Leukopenia
Th decrease in the level of white blood cells in a patient
Phagocytosis
Once a microbe has entered a host, what process performed by certain white blood cells will attempt to destroy the microbes?
True
Septicemia means that a pathogen is present and multiplying in the blood
carrier
Someone who inconspicuously harbors a pathogen and spreads it to others is a
Respiratory system
The greatest number of pathogens enter the body through the
Prodromal stage
The initial, brief period of early, general symptoms such as fatigue and muscle aches is the
Reservoir
The primary, natural habitat of a pathogen where it continues to exist is called the
Epidemiology
The study of frequency and distribution of a disease in a defined population is
Incubation period
The time from when the pathogen first enters the body and begins to multiply, until symptoms first appear is the
Mortality
The total number of deaths in a population due to a disease is the
False
When an infected person is in the incubation period, that person cannot transmit the pathogen to others
Convalescent
__________ carriers are shredding and transmitting pathogens while they are recovering from an infectious disease.