Ankle n Foot
How many bones in the foot?
How many muscles in the foot?
What is the foot in when it lands a heel strike when walking?
What does the foot fall into during the midstance of a run?
What does the foot fall into after the midstance into toe off position?
Calcaneous and talus
What 2 bones is the body weight balanced on after it leaves the tibia?
Medial cuneform and and base of 1st metatarsal
Where is the insertion for the Tibialis anterior?
Inferior Tibiofibular ligament
What is involved with a high ankle sprain?
What is the ankle joint called?
Hinge or ginglymus
What kind of joint is the talocrural joint?
What kind of joint is the metatarsophalangeal joint?
How far does the metatarsophalangeal joint flex?
How far does the metatarsophalangeal joint extend?
How far does the interphalangeal joint extend then go to flexion?
How far does the Proximal interphalangeal joint in the lesser toes flex then extend to?
Tearing of one or more ligaments
What is a sprain?
Why does and ankle sprain happen?
1st metatarsal to 5th metatarsal
Where does the transverse arch extend on the foot?
Toes towards anterior tibia
Where do the toes point in dorsiflexion?
What lower leg muscles surrounds the legs to prevent swelling during exercise?
Stretching plantar flexors and strength dorsiflexors
What is a good way to prevent shin splints?
Active and passive dorsiflexion
How can you prevent calf cramps?
Plantar flexion of ankle and flexion of the knee
What 2 things do the gastrocnemius do?
Plantar flexion of the ankle
What does the soleous do?
Eversion of the foot and plantar flexion of the ankle
What 2 things does the peroneus Longus do?
Eversion of the foot abd plantar flexion of the ankle
What 2 things does the Peroneus Brevis do?
Dorsiflexion of the ankle and eversion of the foot
What 2 thins does the Peroneus Tertius do?
Extention of 4 lesser toes, dorsiflexion of ankle and eversion of the foot
What 3 things does the Extensor Digitorum Longus do?
Dorsiflexion of ankle and extention of great toe
What 2 things does the Extensor Hallucis Longus do?
Inversion of foot and dorsiflexion of the ankle
What 2 things does the tibialis anterior do?
Plantar flexion of the ankle and inversion of the foot
What 2 things does the tibialis posterior do?
Flexion of 4 lesser toes, inversion of foot and plantar flexion of the ankle
What 3 things does the flexor digitorum longus do?
Tibialis anterior, extensor digitorum longus and fibularis
What 3 muscles are agonists during ankle dorsiflexion?
Soleous and gastrocnemius
What 2 muscles are agonists during ankle plantar flexion?
Flexor hallucis longus and flexor digitorum longus
What 2 muscles are agonists to toe flexion?
Extensor hallucis longus and extensor digitorum longus
What 2 muscle are agonists to toe extention?