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20 terms

Mundy test #4 ch. 18

STUDY
PLAY
Why is religion classified as being a universal social institution?
it meets basic human needs
What is the primary reason sociologist study religion?
to study the role that religion plays in people's lives
What was the influential book on religion published in 1912 by Emile Durkheim?
The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life
What did Durkheim call the common elements of everyday life?
profane
How would sociologists classify communism in respect to its religious qualities?
it is a functional equivalent of religion
What is the term that refers to a sudden awareness of the supernatural or a feeling of coming in contact with God.
religious experience
When viewing communism as a functional equivalent of religion which book provides its most sacred writings?
The Commnist Manifesto
What is the transformation of traditional socieities called?
modernization
What is the world's largest religion, boasting two billion members?
Christianity
What was Weber's term to describe the ideal of self-denying, highly moral life, accompanied by hard work and frugality?
the Protestant Ethic
During the first thousand years of Christianity there were only one church organization, directed from Rome
True
Karl Marx was a vowed atheist who characterized religion as the opiate of the people.
True
The original goal of the Reformation led by Martin Luther was to _______.
restructure the Roman Catholic church
The belief that all objects in the world have spirits is
animism
What is a government that is based on the principle that God is the King
a theocracy
What do Hindus call the cycle of life, death, and rebirth ?
reincarnation
Sociologically, how would a cult be defined?
a new or different religion
What is the process by which spiritual concerns are replaced by worldly concerns?
secularization
What is an outstanding gift or exceptional quality someone possesses that draws others to ot both the person and their message?
charisma
A fundamental effort of cults is evangelism, the active recruitment of new members.
True