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History Chapter 1
Terms in this set (34)
He mistakenly discovered the Americas in 1492 while searching for a faster route to India.
wandering from place to place
Iroquois League of Five Nations
Confederation of five Iroquois peoples in what is now New York State; the loose alliance was based on the Great Law of Peace, an agreement to settle disputes peacefully through a council of clan leaders.
cone-shaped tents made of buffalo skins
circular dwellings made with logs and mud
built by west coast tribes to honor their family
the belief that inanimate objects, such as trees, rocks, and rivers, possess souls
one of a seafaring Scandinavian people who raided the coasts of northern and western Europe from the eighth through the tenth century.
Viking who was the first European to visit America
King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella
King and Queen of Spain - help unify Spain and support and encourage Spanish exploration.
Florentine navigator who explored the coast of South America
A Spanish conqueror of the Americas
Pounce de Leon
a Spanish explorer who founded modern day Florida and conquered Puerto Rico becoming governor
Hernando de Soto
discovered the Mississippi River
Francisco Vasquez de Coronado
Spanish explorer who heard stories about the Seven Cities of Gold and set out to find them
English explorer who claimed Newfoundland for England while looking for Northwest Passage
English sea captains authorized to raid Spanish ships and towns
Sir Francis Drake
English explorer and admiral who was the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe and who helped to defeat the Spanish Armada (1540-1596)
Sir Francis Drake's ship
Movement to change abuses of catholic church
French explorer who explored the St. Lawrence river and laid claim to the region for France (1491-1557)
Robert de La Salle
Frenchman who followed the Mississippi River all the way to the Gulf of Mexico, claiming the region for France and naming it Louisiana in honor of King Louis XIV
Samuel de Champlain
French explorer in Nova Scotia who established a settlement on the site of modern Quebec (1567-1635)
Sir Walter Raleigh
An English adventurer and writer, who was prominent at the court of Queen Elizabeth I, and became an explorer of the Americas. In 1585, Raleigh sponsored the first English colony in America on Roanoke Island in present-day North Carolina. It failed and is known as " The Lost Colony."
Roanoke, the first English Colony in the Americas
The first permanent English settlement in North America, found in East Virginia
original tribes in the area surrounding Jamestown, gave the settlers food, taught them the ways of the forests and introduced new crops (corn and yams), constantly warring with the settlers
Helped found and govern Jamestown. His leadership and strict discipline helped the Virginia colony get through the difficult first winter.
He was one of the English settlers at Jamestown (and he married Pocahontas). He discovered how to successfully grow tobacco in Virginia and cure it for export, which made Virginia an economically successful colony.
Colonists who received free passage to North America in exchange for working without pay for a certain number of years
House of Burgesses
1619 - The Virginia House of Burgesses formed, the first legislative body in colonial America. Later other colonies would adopt houses of burgesses.
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