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Medical Terminology: A Short Course. 5th Edition. By David-Ellen Chabner. Lymphatic System.


lymph fluid


lymph node


lymph vessel




thymus gland

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS):

Suppression or deficiency of the immune response (destruction of lymphocytes) caused by exposure to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)


Malignant tumor of lymph nodes and lymphatic tissue. Hodgkin disease is an example of a lymphoma


Acute infectious disease with enlargement of lymph nodes increased numbers of lymphocytes and monocytes in the bloodstream


Inflammatory disease in which small nodules, or tubercles, form in lymph nodes and other organs.

Computed tomography (CT) scan:

X-ray views in the transverse plane for the diagnosis of abnormalities in lymphoid organs (lymph nodes, spleen, and thymus gland).

ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay):

A test to streen for antibodies to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)

Western blot test:

A blood test to detect the presence of antibodies to specific antigens such as the human immunodeficiency virus. It is regarded as a more precise test than ELISA


Treatment with powerful drugs to kill cancer cells (Hadgkin disease, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and multiple myeloma) and viruses such as the human immunodeficiency virus

Radiotherapy (radiation therapy):

Treatment with high-dose radiation to destroy malignant lesions in the body.


Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome


Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (test to detect anti-HIV antibodies)


Highly active antiretroviral therapy (for AIDS)


Hodgkin disease


Human immunodeficiency virus

IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG, IgM,

Immunoglobulins (antibodies)


Mycobacterium avium complex (a group of pathogens that cause lung disease in patients with depressed immune systems)


Pneumocystis pneumonia (opportunistic infection seen in patients with AIDS)

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