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59 terms

history ch. 7

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America's great distance from Britain helped the colonists gain a considerable degree of freedom from British Control
True
The Theory of Mercantilism was based on the idea that colonies existed primarily for the economic benefit of the mother country
True
British mercantilism forbade the importation of any non British good into the colonies
False. they could as long as they were taxed in England first
In practice, British mercantilism provided the colonies with substantial economic benefits such as military protection and guaranteed markets for certain goods
True
The Purpose of Grenville's Sugar Act, Quartering Act, and Stamp Act was to make the colonists pay a portion of the high costs of marinating British troops in America
True
Americans generally accepted the right of Parliament to tax the colonies to provide money for defense but denied the right to legislate about matters affecting colonial affairs.
false. other way around, they allowed parliament to legislate but not tax
When America cried "no taxation without representation" what they first wanted was to be represented in british parliament.
false. they didnt want to be represented they wanted to decide for themselves
the colonies finally forced repeal of the stamp act by organizing political protests and enforcing nonimportation agreements against the british goods
true
colonial resistance to the townshed acts' import taxes was even more violent and effective than the stamp act.
false, less affective and organized
After the boston massacre the british government pursued even harsher enforcement of the townshend act
false. townshend acts repealed in 1770
resistance to the tea tax was kept alive by the agitation of the committees of correspondence
true
the colonists considered the quebec act especially oppressive because it appeared to extend the domain of roman catholicism
true
The first continental congress proclaimed that the colonies would declare independence from britian unless the grievances were redressed
false. they only wanted end to british taxing, not independence
one fundemental American asset in the impending war with britian was a well trained military force of volunteers
false. britian had the better arm
a key british advantage was that they did not have to defeat all the american forces but only fightin in order to crush the revolution
false, other way around, america had an advantage because they only had to drag out the war and defend
the british theory of mercantilism, by which the colonies were governed held that:
the colonial economy should be carefully controlled to serve the mother country's needs
one of the ways in which mercantilism harmed the colonial economy was:
by inhibiting the development of banking and paper currency in the colonies
teh mobilization of "nonimportation" policies against the stamp act was plitically important because
it aroused revolutionary fever amount many ordinary american men and women
the british troops killed in the boston massacre had been sent to the city as a result of
disruptive colonial resistance to the townshend acts' tax on tea and other products
the british reacted to the boston tea party by
closing the port of boston until damages were pain and order restored
american colonists especially resented the townshend acts because
the revenues from the taxation would go to support british officials and judges in america
the passage of the quebec act aroused intense american fears because
it extended catholic jurisdiction and a not jury judicial system into the western Ohio country
the most important action the continental congress took to protest the intolerable acts was
the formation of the association to impose a complete boycott of all british goods
the event that prcipitated the first real shooting between the british and american colonists was
the british attempt to seize colonial supplies and leasers at lexington and concord
the british gov at the time of the american revolution was headed by
lord north
The american rebellion was esp dangerous to the british because the british were also worried about
possible revolts in ireland and war with france
the british political pary that was generally more sympathetic to the american case was
the whig party
one of the advantages the british enjoyed in the impending conflict with the colonies was
the ability to enlish foreign soldiers, loyalists, and native americans in their military forces
one of the advantages the colonists enjoyed in the impending conflict with britian was
fighting defensively on a large, agriculturally self-sufficient continent
in the revolutionary war, african-americans
fought in both the american patriot and british loyalists military forces
the basic economic and political theory by which the seventeenth and eighteenth century european powers governed their overseas colonies
mercantilism
the set of parliamentary laws, first passed in 1650, that restricted colonial trade and directed it to the benefit of britian
navigation acts
the term for products, such as tobacco that could be shipped only to england and not to foreign markets
enumerated goods
hated british courts in which juries were not allowed and defendants were assumed guilty until proven innocent
vice admiralty court
british government theory that parliament spoke for all british subjects, including americans, even if they did not vote for its members
virtual representation
the effective form of organized colonial resistance agains the stamp act, which made homesupn clothing fashionable
boycotts
the item taxed under the townshend acts that generated teh greatest colonial resistance
tea
underground networks of communication and propaganda established by samuel adams that sustained colonial resistance
commitees of correspondence
British politcal pary opposed to Lord North's Tories and generally more sympathetic to colonial cause
English Whigs
German mercenaries hired by George III to fight the american revolutionaries
Hessians
Currency authorized by congress to finance the revolution and depreciated to near worthlessness
continental
effective organization created by the first continental congress to provide a total, unified boycott of all british goods
the association
Rapidly mobilized colonial militiamen whos refusal to disperse sparked the first battle of the revolution
minutemen
term for british regular troops, scorned as "lobster backs" and "bloody backs" by the bostonians and other colonials
redcoats
British minister who raised a storm of protest by passing the stamp act
george grenville
legislation passed in 1765 but repealed the next year, after colonial resistance made it impossible to enforce
stamp act
body, led by john adams, that ordered the association to boycott all british goods
first continental congress
legislation that required colonists to feed and shelter british troops and led to suspension of the New york legislature upon its refusal to obey
quartering act
nineteen year old major general in the revolutionary army
marquis de lafayette
wealthy president of the continental congress and "king of smugglers"
john hancock
minister whose clever attempt to impose import taxes nearly succeeded by eventually brewed trouble for britian
"champagne charley" townshend
zealous defender fo the common peoples rights and organizer of underground propaganda committes
samuel adams
harsh measures of retaliation for a tea party, including the boston port act
intolerable acts
stubborn ruler, lustful for power, served by complaint ministers like lord north
George III
alleged leader of radical protestors killed in boston massacre
crispus attucks
organizational genius who turned raw colonial recruits into though professional soldiers
baron von steuben
women and men who enforced the nonimportaition agreements, sometimes by coercive means
sons and daughters of liberty
british royal governor who encouraged runaway slaves to join his army
lord dunmore
event organized and disguised as "indians" to sabotage british of british east india company monompoly
boston tea party