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Manifest Destiny

Chapter 15 Review Questions
STUDY
PLAY
what four countries laid claim to the oregon country in early 1880s?
great britain, united states, france, russia
name two of the major trails that settlers followed to the west.
oregon trail, santa fe trail
what does "manifest destiny" mean?
obvious fate
what path did settlers take to the oregon country?
oregon trail
who coined the phrase "manifest destiny"?
john o' sullivan
why were many americans persuaded to settle in oregon country?
more farmland, more room, free land
what philosophy meant that the U.S. was fated to extend to the pacific ocean?
manifest destiny
who won the presidential election of 1844?
james k. polk
after trappers, who were the first settlers of oregon country?
farmers
why did missionaries move west?
to convert the indians to christianity
what line marked the compromise of the u.s. and great britain regarding oregon country?
54 40
name three methods that the country used to expand.
settlement, war, treaties
what country controlled florida when monroe wanted to buy it?
spain
how did the tensions between mexico and texas begin?
texas wanted independence
who advised president monroe to tell spain to "govern or get out"?
john quincy adams
who was the commander and chief of the texas forces?
William Travis
what was the texans battle cry at the battle of san jacinto?
remember the alamo
who was santa anna?
led the mexican army
what did santa anna do when he took office that left the texans feeling betrayed?
put stephen austin in jail
during which battle was santa anna captured?
battle of san jacinto
why was the first request to annex texas declined?
because they didn't want war with america
what was the first battle of the texas revolution?
battle of gonzalez
when was texas annexed into the united states?
1845
who dreamed of starting a US colony in spanish texas?
moses austin
define "annex"
to accept
what were 3 conditions that americans had to accept to move to texas?
become mexican citizens, learn spanish, hardworking
who were two of the most famous americans that died at the alamo?
davy crocket and william travis
what did mexico lose when they lost the war with the united states?
part of texas territory
why were there tensions between the united states and mexico?
border disputes
what did the united states insist was the border between the us and mexico?
rio grande
what were the terms of the treaty of guadalupe hidalgo?
us paid $15 million, agreed to pay american debts to mexico, promise to protect borders
*what additional strip of land was purchased and for how much?
gadsden purchase
which leaders opposed the war with mexico?
abraham lincoln, frederick douglass
what was president polk's war plan?
provoke mexico to military action to justify war to americans
what did the united states achieve with the gadsden purchase?
bought new mexico
who was the texan commander at the alamo?
william travis
who was the commander of the texas revolutionary army?
sam houston
where did the texans defeat the mexicans?
battle of san jacinto
define "cede"
to yield
what is the nickname for texas?
the lone star state
why did northerners want to keep texas out of the union?
the didn't want war with mexico, they didn't want the south to have more slavery
what did mexico claim to be the border between mexico and texas?
nueces river
what was the nickname for california?
the golden state
who was "old, rough, and ready"?
zachary taylor
who was "old fuss and feathers"?
winfield scot
how much did the united states pay mexico under the terms of the treaty of guadalupe hidalgo?
$15 million
what was the main purpose of the santa fe trail?
commercial trade
where was davy crocket from?
tennessee
by what treaty in 1819 did the united states agree to drop any further claim to texas?
adams-onis treaty
who were the tejanos?
texans of spanish decent
who received the first land grant in texas from the spanish?
moses austin
who became president of mexico in 1833?
santa anna
where was the first fight of the texan revolution?
san antonio texas
when was the louisiana territory added to the united states?
1803
when was texas added to the union?
1845- 28th state
what agreement completed the shape of the continental US?
gadsden purchase
who was the first elected president of the texas republic?
sam houston
when was florida added to the US?
march 1845
name two of the states included in the new mexico territory
utah, nevada
why did some people want to buy the land south of the Mexican Cession?
allowed us to expand
what treaty ended the Mexican War?
treaty of guadalupe hidalgo
who led the slave revolt on the island of haiti?
toussaint l'overture
"...invaded our territory and shed american blood on american soil"
James K. Polk
what does "rendezvous" mean?
meet up in a certain place
what states are included in the mexican cession?
california, nevada, utah, arizona, new mexico, colorado, wyoming
who came up with the term "manifest destiny"?
John O' Sullivan
what is south pass?
passage through rocky mountains
*what river was the base of most land claims in oregon country in the early 1800s?
mississippi river
*name four objections to the louisiana purchase
large country, hard to govern
what was the major obstacle to the american annexation of texas in 1836?
slavery and fear of war
why did president polk provoke the mexicans to attack in 1846?
to justify war to the americans
who was sent by president polk to offer to buy parts of new mexico and arizona?
john slidell
*what nation welcomed settlers from the US after winning it's independence from spain?
mexico
who was the american general who led US forces into northern mexico?
general zachary taylor
what was the name of the mission in san antonio where many texans died?
alamo
what was texas for nine years before it became a state?
texas republic
who was the leader of american troops in central mexico?
winfield scot
what was the name of the purchase from mexico that completed the area of the 48 states?
gadsden purchase
what body of water was crossed by winfield scot on hid way to attack Veracruz?
gulf of mexico
what army officer captured the area of new mexico?
general stephen kearny
what final major battle gave americans control of northern mexico?
battle of buena bista
before the early 1800s, what countries claimed the louisiana territory?
france and spain
who was the general who waited at the rio grande for mexican provocation to start a war?
zachary taylor
the 1853 gadsden purchase secured land for the US in what two states?
arizona and new mexico
what was one reason the united states wanted to acquire florida?
get rid of border raids by seminoles
what was the bear flag republic?
california's flag
who was president of the US during the war with mexico?
James K. Polk
why did some northerners oppose the annexation of texas?
more slavery
what was the incentive for settlers to travel oregon country?
wanted to have more land
what was a reason why tejanos resented the Americans settling in texas?
the werent following the rules they agreed to follow
what was the major effect on the treaty of guadalupe hidalgo on mexico?
mexico gave us 1/2 their land and we paid them $15 million
how would you describe Polk's attitude to manifest destiny?
he liked it- wanted more land
name 3 famous americans opposed to mexican war.
abraham lincoln, frederick douglas, henry david thoreau
why did businessmen want the gadsen purchase to be accomplished?
railroads to be built