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Psychology Unit 1
Terms in this set (22)
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes
actions that can be seen and recorded
internal experiences we assume from behavior
builds psychology's knowledge base
a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the life span
industrial-organizational (I/O) psychology
the application of psychological concepts and methods to optimizing human behavior in workplaces
human factors psychology
a field of psychology allied with I/O psychology that explores how people and machines interact and how machines and physical environments can be made safe and easy to use.
german physiologist who founded structuralism; opened first psychology research laboratory in 1879, aimed to use Introspection to identify structures of the mind
early school of thought promoted by Wundt and Titchener; used introspection to reveal the structure of the human mind
founder of functionalism in 1890; studied how humans use perception to function in our environment, instead of the parts of the mind, lets study the functions
early school of thought promoted by James and influenced by Darwin; explored how mental and behavioral processes function- how they enable the organism to adapt, survive, and flourish
the view that psychology (1) should be an objective science that (2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes. Most research psychologists today agree with (1) but not with (2).
driven by thoughts and feeling that are buried deep in the unconscious mind, most of what we do results from unresolved issues from childhood/past
All behavior results from things we have learned and a lifetime of training, people continue/stop behavior because of rewards and punishments
behavior is motivated by the need for personal growth and self-esteem, purpose of psychology is to help people reach their full potential, looking for love and fulfillment
Interested in "the mind", humans are just complex thinkers/computers, try to understand how we process information
everything we do is the reaction in our body and brain, our genetics and neurochemicals shape who we are and how we act, treated through medicine
behavior results from our interactions with the people and environment around us, our family, culture, society, race, etc, all shapes us
behavior has passed down as a result of evolution, successful behaviors helped humans to survive and reproduce, which we inherited from ancestors
a branch of psychology that assists people with problems in living (often related to school, work, or marriage) and in achieving greater well-being.
a branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders.
a branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders; practiced by physicians who sometimes provide medical (for example, drug) treatments as well as psychological therapy
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