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94 terms

Arh151 (test2)

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realism
This is "Tenant Farmer's Wife, Hale County, Alabama," 1936, by Walker Evans. What art criteria would be appropriate for a discussion/evaluation of this work?
contextualism (feminism)
This is "After Walker Evans," 1981, by Sherry Levine. What art criteria would be appropriate for a discussion/evaluation of this work?
porcelain pottery
These objects are called "china" because some of the finest has come from China for centuries.
Arts and Crafts Movement
This movement, in the 19th century, sought to revive the pride in handicraft associated with the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.
kiln
Ceramics are shaped, dried and then "fired" (essentially baked) in this.
weaving
"Warp" and "weft" are terms associated with this craft, with ancient beginnings.
transparent
Glass involves light in unique ways because of this singular property.
bamboo
The Japanese have used this grass material for many millennia.
glaze
What do we call the baked-in coating used to seal the porous surface of a ceramics object?
it disintegrates over time
What is one major drawback of using wood for art objects or handicrafts.
ceramics
While most paintings from ancient Greece haven't survived, they left many excellent examples of their painting on what.
Gothic
Stained glass is associated with what style of Middle Ages architecture?
Versailles
Louis XIV of France (The Sun King) created this pinnacle of baroque opulence as a massive palace which included hundreds of rooms, expansive gardens and a private zoo.
Rococo
This period of the late baroque is known for excessive ornamentation and frivolous aristocratic subject matter.
Borromini
This Italian baroque architect juxtaposed convex and concave surfaces that made walls seem to ripple
tenebrism
This painting technique, popular with baroque painters, focuses a harsh light on the foreground subject, contrasted against a shadowy background.
Jefferson
This US President and architect created a classical style of architecture that embodied the ideals of the new American democracy.
Vermeer
This Dutch baroque artist, known as a master of light, painted scenes of quiet, domestic interiors ("Girl with Pearl Earring" is probably his best known work).
Holland
The baroque still life was popular in this country with its bourgeois art patrons and their interest in paintings that showed the trappings of wealth and success in commerce and international trade.
Velazquez
This painter pretty much defines the Spanish baroque.
Caravaggio
This Italian baroque painter is recognized as bringing a new realism and dramatic intensity into art.
Rubens
This Flemish painter is known for his respect for classical tradition, his depiction of baroque-style violence, and his taste for voluptuous women
neo-classical
This 18th century artistic style marked a return to the ideals of the ancient Greek and Roman republics.
acrylic
This modern art media is synthetic and water-based, dries quickly and allows for very thin or very thick applications of paint.
collage
Popular with Dadaists, this technique involves cutting and pasting various materials on canvas or board.
charcoal
A most ancient of mediums, this was even used to draw on cave walls during the Paleolithic.
mosaic
Byzantine art, rich with the use of colored glass in this medium, often gives the impression of gold light.
oil paint on stretched canvas
This painting medium was one of the key new innovations in art during the Renaissance.
pigment
Particles that make-up the color component of a paint are called what?
graphite
The "lead" in a pencil is actually a mixture of carbon and clay, heated in an oven. This material is called what?
gouache
What do we call watercolor, mixed with a white pigment like chalk, creating an opaque medium with rich, strong colors?
encaustic
What is the media called where pigments are mixed with a binder of beeswax.
chalk
Pulverized minerals and fossil shells mixed with gum resin are compressed to make what art medium?
lithography
This printmaking technique, typically using stone plates, takes advantage of the fact that oil and water do not mix.
intaglio (etching)
This printmaking technique, more like drawing, cuts an image onto a metal plate with an acid bath.
relief
Linocut, using linoleum blocks, is a newer version of this basic printmaking technique
lithography
Your textbook is made using this printmaking technique.
intaglio (engraving)
US currency is made using this basic printmaking technique.
relief
Japanese artists of the Ukiyo-e school, in 19th century Edo, excelled in this multi-colored woodblock technique.
silk screen
With this printmaking technique a squeegee produces smooth areas of color by pressing ink through a stencil onto the paper.
Rembrandt
This Northern European baroque artist was well known for his etchings, making nearly 300 in his lifetime.
drypoint
This intaglio technique is different than engraving, in that it doesn't actually cut metal from the plate, but rather displaces it.
intaglio
This printmaking technique has ancient beginnings, dating back to cylinder seals from Sumeria, c. 2600 BC.
Seurat
This Post-Impressionist painter approached the use of color with an almost scientific rigor, developing his pointillistic technique and exploiting the phenomenon of optical mixture.
Impressionism
The painters of this movement were interested in the reality of vision, studying light and color, and using brushstrokes so prominent that the paint itself became a subject of the work.
Cezanne
This Post-Impressionist painter's faceted brushstrokes led to new spatial developments that would become "Cubism" (to be explored by Braque and Picasso).
Degas
Photography was a major influence on this artist's work, as evidenced by his pictures of ballerinas and horse races, with asymetrical compositions, and tilted angles with extreme cropping, as if the works were candid camera shots.
the sublime
What do we call the idea of awestruck wonder in response to the grandeur of nature, that was an aspect of many artworks from the Romantic Movement.
Realism
While often listed as an Impressionist, Manet's use of common people, un-idealized proportions and in-your-face subject matter, groups him with this French movement that started in the 1840s.
Gauguin
This Post-Impressionist artist moved to Tahiti, painting many pictures of the natives that alluded to symbolic and exotic spiritual contexts.
Toulouse-Lautrec
This Post-Impressionist artist created many color lithographs of Parisian night-life as advertising posters. They continue to be popular works of art today.
Goya
This early 19th century artist was outspoken against the corruption and vice, of the Court and the Church in Spain, reflecting the politically engaged spirit of Modernism while pre-dating it by a century.
Tanner
This African-American painter, although working in Paris, is one of the major proponents of 19th century American Realism.
ready-made
Marcel Duchamp is credited with inventing this type of sculpture, his "Fountain" considered one of the first (if not most controversial).
ready-made
Marcel Duchamp is credited with inventing this type of sculpture, his "Fountain" considered one of the first (if not most controversial).
forging
Traditionally, a blacksmith is involved with this sculpting technique.
kinetic
A copper weathervane, moving in the wind, is a simple example of this kind of sculpture.
collage
Assemblage is a 3D version of what 2D art technique?
lost-wax casting
This 3D technique begins with a model that is then made into a mold to create a substitute version of the model.
photographs
How are Andy Goldsworthy's sculptures preserved?
high-relief
What do we call a sculpture that projects substantially from a background surface or wall?
site specific
What do we call a sculpture (often environmental or monumental) that is integral to a specific location?
sunken relief
This was a popular technique with the ancient Egyptians, where an image was cut (incised) into a wall and then the image was painted?
modeling
The additive process of sculpting in clay or wax is called what?
a mausoleum
What is the Taj Mahal?
Shinto
This native Japanese religion worships many nature gods.
stupa
This Buddhist dome structure has no interior, and is a metaphor for the cosmic egg, Mount Meru and the dome of heaven.
Buddhism
This religion started with the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama in sixth century BC.
the Mughals
These 16th-17th century Muslim Indian rulers patronized figurative art that was influenced by Western practice.
Akbar
This 16th century Muslim ruler (inspired by the Persian court) brought figuration to Islamic art and opened India to foreign diplomats.
Tokyo
The Edo Period (also called the Tokugawa Period) was named for the 17th century capital city of Japan. What do we call that city today?
Borobodur
This elaborate temple in Java, began as a Hindu structure, has nine terraces with more than ten miles of sculptures decorating its walls.
Ashoka
This Indian emperor spread Buddhist teaching throughout India as a means of unifying the country in the third century BC.
Qin
This Chinese emperor, of the third century BC, planned to maintain his power after death with over 8000 terra-cotta soldiers, discovered in his burial mound in 1974.
obscura
What is the name of the part of a camera that light enters (most times it includes the lens).
montage
Russian filmmaker Sergei Eisenstein believed that significant juxtaposition of film scenes could have an aesthetic impact on a motion picture (today this is usually called editing). What did Eisenstein call it?
Edweard Muybridge
This 19th century photographer's motion studies influenced art of early Modernism and early animation.
depth-of-field
What do we call the range of distance from a camera where objects remain in focus?
pixels
A digital photograph is made up of a grid (called a raster) of discrete picture elements called what?
objects are placed directly on photo-paper, then exposed to light
What is the photo technique that Man Ray called a 'rayogram'.
D. W. Griffith
This filmmaker is credited as one of the first to realize the potential of the moving-eye, the development of traveling shots, pan shots and other techniques of varying the distance of the camera during a shot.
Paris and New York
What two Modern cities where probably the most photographed of the early 20th century.
the Kodak box camera
What innovation brought Stieglitz's "straight photography" technique to the masses (much to his dismay)?
that digital doesn't require film
One true advantage of digital photography over traditional photography is...?
an Islamic mosque
The largest adobe (mud brick) structure in the world, in Djenne, Mali, in northwest Africa, is what kind of structure?
European colonization
Many world cultures (including most native American cultures) changed dramatically starting in the 15th century because of what?
Adena
This Native American group left large burial mounds throughout the Ohio Valley.
Olmecs
This ancient culture, considered the "mother civilization" of Mesoamerica, left us 17 monumental stone heads, some weighing as much as 20 tons.
Machu Picchu
The Inka (Inca) civilization was conquered by the Spanish in the 16th century, but this site in the the Andes mountains, in what is now Peru, escaped destruction.
totem
These carved wood artifacts from the northwest coast of North America, signified a clan's mythological past, connecting them to the powers of animals such as bears and eagles.
the Maya
This Mesoamerican culture flourished for over 2500 years (1100 BC to 1500 BC) in the Yucatan area of what is now Mexico.
Australia
The indigenous civilization on this continent, had a culture that remained unchanged for tens of thousands of years. They believe they can contact their ancestors in the Dreamtime, where spirits dwell.
United States
The northern tip of Polynesia connects to what country. (This might be a trick question.)
the Aztecs
This literate warrior society dominated central Mexico until the arrival of Cortez and the Spanish conquistadors in the 16th century.