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Chapter 8 and 9 Test
Terms in this set (52)
General Zhang Jian is credited with introducing which of the following to China?
Alfalfa and wine grapes
Critical to the functioning of the Silk Road were:
pastoralists who provided animals, handlers, and protection along the road.
What military technologies did the Silk Road spread?
Chariot warfare, mounted bowmen, and the stirrup.
The mariners involved in the Indian Ocean trade were
a multilingual and multiethnic group.
The Indian Ocean maritime System forged economic and social ties between
East Africa, Arabia, India, China, Southeast Asia.
Ships in the Indian Ocean Maritime System were better prepared for long-distance travel than the Greeks because
they could take advantage of monsoon winds to drive their ships.
One difference between Indian Ocean and Mediterranean seafaring was that
Mediterranean seamen rarely sailed far from shore.
The Early Inhabitants of the East African island of Madagascar came from
the islands of Southeast Asia.
Transplanted foods carried by seafarers to Africa include
yams and bananas
Family life in the Indian Ocean coastal areas was considered more cosmopolitan because
blended families were bi cultural and bilingual
The best primary evidence of early Saharan history consists of
a vast number of rock paintings and engravings
Which animal was most important to Saharan transportation?
What natural resource provided the incentive to trade for southern Saharan dwellers?
The agricultural area bordering the Sahara Desert is called the Sahel, which in Arabic literally means
The importance of trans-Saharan trade was that it
connected North and South Africa
Africa is the home to approximately how many languages, emphasizing its diversity?
Which of the following does NOT constitute a shared cultural heritage, or "great tradition"?
Which of the following is NOT an example of a broad common element underlying African life and culture?
A common language.
The development of metallurgy in Africa involved
Most sub-Saharan languages come from one giant linguistic family called
One of the greatest promoters of Buddhism was
King Ashoka of India
Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam all spread
without dependency on a single ethnic group
The Silk Road and Indian Ocean trade fostered the spread of which religion?
What facilitated the spread of Christianity to Armenia?
the invention of an Armenian alphabet.
All of the following are true about camels in Arab society EXCEPT
they caused disintegration of the internal road structure because it was no longer necessary.
The Sasanid Empire was centered in the area that is present day
What did the Sasanid and Byzantine Empires have in common?
central control of imperial forces
The establishment of Zoroastianism and Christianity as official faiths in the Byzantine and Sasanid Empires set the precedent for what future event?
The rise of Islam as the focus of an empire
Most subjects of both Byzantine and Sasanid rulers found common identity in
The traditional occupation on the Arabian peninsula was
Mecca is an important city because it
is a caravan city and pilgrimage site of the Ka'ba
Muhammad conveived Islam after
surrender to the will of God
Muhammad's teachings built upon the beliefs of
Judaism and Christianity
Why did Muhammad leave Mecca for Medina (hijra)?
Mecca leaders were were threatened by his popularity
After the city of Mecca surrendered to Muhammad, he established a new state based on a
common religious faith
Why was the direction of prayer focused on Mecca?
because Mecca is the site of the Ka'ba
After Muhammad's death, the Muslim community
chose a caliph, Abu Bakr
Muslim religious practice is based on the
Muhammad's revelations from the angel are compiled in a book called
The subsequent spilit of supporters to different caliphs or successors divinded the umma into
Shi'ites and Sunnis
The founded of the Umayyad Caliphate was
Yazid, son of Mu'awiya
The capital of the Umayyad caliphate was in
The decline of the Umayyad dynasty was due to
growing unrest among non-Arab Muslims, who demanded access to political power.
Why is the Abbasid rule considered a "golden age"?
It created a refined cosmopolitan culture in Baghdad
Despite the fact that conversions to Islam were at their peak, Abbasid power declined because
the empire had become too big to rule effectively
Which of the following statements is NOT true about the rule of the Seljuk Empire?
Mesopotamia grew in population and influence
Byzantine power was significantly diminished by the Seljuks with
the Battle of Manzikert
The foundation of Islamic civilization is the Shari'a or
The great vision of the Shari'a is an umma with
common moral values, minimizing ethnic and political divisions
What was the leading motivation for unification of the Muslims?
To fight against the Crusaders
Which of the following statements about Muslim women is NOT true?
They often played a role in public life.
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