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The federalist decade
Terms in this set (28)
Citizens participate freely in their government through voting and usually have many personal freedoms.
1854 - anti-slavery Whigs and Democrats, Free Soilers and reformers from the Northwest met and formed party in order to keep slavery out of the territories
A term used to describe supporters of the Constitution during ratification debates in state legislatures.
president george washington
1st Pres., 1789 job is modeled after him, sets two year precedent, He established many of the presidential traditions, including limiting a president's tenure to two terms. He was against political parties and strove for political balance in government by appointing political adversaries to government positions.
Farmers rose up in protest of excise tax on whiskey. Washington marches huge army against them to get them to back down without a fight, and they do.
A valuable tool for understanding demographic changes. The Constitution requires that the government conduct an "actual enumeration" of the population every 10 years.
1796 speech by Washington that a 3rd termwould not be sought. warned to avoid polotical factions and foreign affairs.... stay neutral, final official speech of presidents as they leave office
This was the race for the presidency after George Washington retired. John Adams was the Federalist Party's candidate and Thomas Jefferson was the Democratic-Republican's candidate. It was a very intense race, with the issues focusing heavily on personalities. John Adams, who was mostly supported in New England, won the election and became president. As runner-up, Thomas Jefferson became vice president. Along with the presidency, Adams inherited the violent quarrel with France.
president john adams
2nd Pres.,Federalist, 1797, Elected in 1796, became President in 1797, beat Jefferson by 3 electoral votes and was the first president to live in Washington, D.C.
VP thomas jefferson
First secretary of state,Virginian, architect, author, governor, and president. Lived at Monticello. Wrote the Declaration of Independence. Second governor of Virgina. Third president of the United States. Designed the buildings of the University of Virginia.
the alien and sedition acts
Extends period of habitation needed for citizenship to 15? years, outlaws speaking against the govt
virginia and kentucky resolutions
Written anonymously by Jefferson and Madison in response to the Alien and Sedition Acts, they declared that states could nullify federal laws that the states considered unconstitutional.
A legal theory that a state in the US has the right to invalidate any federal law that the state deems unconstitutional. John C Calhoun was the foremost proponent.
revolution of 1800
Jefferson's election changed the direction of the government from Federalist to Democratic- Republican, so it was called a "revolution."
VP Aaron burr
served as the 3rd Vice President of the United States. Member of the Republicans and President of the Senate during his Vice Presidency. He was defamed by the press, often by writings of Hamilton. Challenged Hamilton to a duel in 1804 and killed him.
1804, Brought about by the Jefferson/Burr tie, stated that presidential and vice-presidential nominees would run on the same party ticket. Before that time, all of the candidates ran against each other, with the winner becoming president and second-place becoming vice-president
American jurist and politician who served as the chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1801-1835) and helped establish the practice of judicial review.
Scheme by Vice-President Aaron Burr to lead the succession of the Louisiana Territory from the US and create his own empire. He was captured in 1807 and charged with treason. Because there was no evidence or two witnesses he was acquitted. Marshall upholds the strict rules for trying someone for treason.
jay's treaty 1794
Generally thought of as unsucessfull, britain promises to leave their outposts in the US (which they were already supposed to have done) and pay for any damage done to American shipping, but makes no promises against future damage to shipping
pickney's treaty 1795
Allowed US to use port of New Orleans, and to freely navigate the Mississippi
formal alliance with French recognizing American independance and agreeing not to negotiate with Britain without consultation
a formal announcement given by GW which declared the US neutral in the conflict b/t Fance and Britain
"citizen genet" crisis
a French representative who attempted to contradict the Neutrality Proclamation by organizing armies to attack British and Spanish territories. Washington ejected him from the country when he became too bold in his recruiting, threatened govt. authority
Diplomatic crisis triggered by the XYZ affair and severing of Treaty. End of treaty of 1778- Ended by US because the two governments that signed it were not in existence anymore. So good relations severed. Leads to Quasi War where fighting occurred between US and France in summer of 1798 thru September of 1800, though neither issued a formal declaration of war. Harassed each other on high seas, but at home in the US it leads to alien and sedition acts.
treaty of Paris 1783
Treaty Between England and the Colonies , formally ended the American Revolutionary War
Document that allowed Americans to settle in territories that would eventually become Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin, and Ohio; however slavery was not permitted
A major party in the United States during the first half of the nineteenth century, formally established in 1836. The Whig party was anti-Jackson and represented a variety of regional interests.
affair in which US officials attempting to negotiate with france were asked a large sum of money in return for a meeting with french officials.
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