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34 terms

Chapter 16 Cold War

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Satellite State
Country controlled by a more powerful nation
Cold War
Worldwide rivalry between the U.S. and Soviet Union
Iron Curtain
Winston Churchill's term for the Cold War division between the Soviet-dominated East and the U.S.-dominated West.
Truman Doctrine
President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology
Containment
keeping Communism from spreading to countries that are not Communist
Marshall Plan
a United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952)
Berlin Airlift
airlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to Berlin
NATO
an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security
Warsaw Pact
treaty signed in 1945 that formed an alliance of the Eastern European countries behind the Iron Curtain; USSR, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania
Jiang Jieshi
Chinese nationalist leader that was against Mao and supported by the US
Mao Zedong
Chinese communist leader (1893-1976)
38th Parallel
line of latitude that separated North and South Korea
Douglas MacArthur
United States general who served commander of U.S and U.N. forces during the Korean War
Limited War
war fought to achieve only specific goals
Kim Il Sung
Communist leader of North Korea; his attack on South Korea in 1950 started the Korean War. He remained in power until 1994.
Symnan Rhee
Rhee was elected first President of Korea, which he ruled with a strong hand for twelve critical years (1875-1965).
Arms Race
a competition between nations to have the most powerful armaments
Mutually Assured Destruction
(MAD) if either US or the USSR was hit with a nuclear weapons they would respond with the same
Brinkmanship
the policy of pushing a dangerous situation to the brink of disaster (to the limits of safety)
Nikita Kruschev
Soviet leader during 1950's - 60's
Nationalize
put under state control or ownership
Suez Crisis
July 26, 1956, Nasser (leader of Egypt) nationalized the Suez Canal, Oct. 29, British, French and Israeli forces attacked Egypt. UN forced British to withdraw; made it clear Britain was no longer a world power
Eisenhower Doctrine
policy of the US that it would defend the middle east against attack by any communist country
CIA
an independent agency of the United States government responsible for collecting and coordinating intelligence and counterintelligence activities abroad in the national interest
NASA
an independent agency of the United States government responsible for aviation and spaceflight
Sputnik
The world's first space satellite; launched by the Soviets
Red Scare
a period of general fear of communists
HUAC
The House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) was an investigating committee which investigated what it considered un-American propaganda,
Hollywood Ten
Group of people in the film industry who were jailed for refusing to answer congressional questions regarding Communist influence in Hollywood
Blacklist
put on a blacklist so as to banish or cause to be boycotted
Alger Hiss
A former State Department official who was accused of being a Communist spy and was convicted of perjury. The case was prosecuted by Richard Nixon.
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
Arrested in the Summer of 1950 and executed in 1953, they were convicted of conspiring to commit espionage by passing plans for the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union.
Joseph R. McCarthy
led a crusade to investigate officials he claimed were Communists
McCarthyism
unscrupulously accusing people of disloyalty (as by saying they were Communists)