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15 terms

Human Biology & Health

Prentice Hall Science Explorer, Human Biology and Health: Chapter 1
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homeostasis
process by which organisms maintain a relatively stable internal environment
cytoplasm
material between the cell membrane and the nucleus
muscle
tissue composed of fibers that can contract, causing movement of an organ or part of the body
nervous
unpredictably excitable
epithelial
the tissue forming the outer layer of the body surface and lining the alimentary canal and other hollow structures
osteoporosis
a condition in which the body's bones become weak and break easily
compact bone
Hard, dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane of a bone
spongy bone
Layer of Bone tissue having many small spaces and found just inside the layer of compact bone
joint
(anatomy) the point of connection between two bones or elements of a skeleton (especially if the articulation allows motion)
arthritis
a disease of the joints that makes movement painful
striated muscle
muscle attached to the skeleton, making movement possible, another name for skeletal muscle
smooth muscle
involuntary muscle found in internal organs
cardiac muscle
the muscle tissue of the heart
skeletal muscle
a muscle that is connected at either or both ends to a bone and so move parts of the skeleton
cancer
any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division