92 terms

Social Studies CRCT Practice

Jefferson Davis
Who was the President of the Confederacy?
Stonewall Jackson
led the Confederates in the Battle of Bull Run
Freedman's Bureau
an organization that provided food, clothing, medical, and legal advice to poor blacks and whites
13th Amendment
Amendment that ended slavery
15th Amendment
Amendment that gave African American men the right to vote
16th Amendment
What amendment gave full citizenship to African Americans
Jim Crow Laws
laws that made African Americans separate from whites during Reconstruction
Abraham Lincoln
The President of the Union
Robert E. Lee
Confederate leader that surrendered at Appomattox Court House
Ulysses S. Grant
Union military leader during the Civil War
Sherman's March to the Sea
led to the destruction of key cities from Atlanta to Savannah
Vicksburg and Gettysburg
two battles won by the Union that were the turning points in the Civil War
Atlanta Campaign
the capture of the economic center of the South
Due Process
a citizen's life, liberty, or property can't be taken away without a fair trial
a system in which landowners let poor farmers use small areas of land in return for a share of crops
Transcontinental Railroad
connected the east and west coasts of the US
Homestead Act
the government gave away 160 acres if a family stayed and farmed for 5 years
Promontory Point, Utah
where the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads met forming the Transcontinental Railroad
the amount of something that people want to sell at a certain price
the amount of something that people want to buy at a ceratin price
a person who takes risks to develop new goods and services to start a business
the period when the South rejoined the North after the Civil War
to charge a government official with a crime
a southerner who helped the government during Reconstruction
a northerner who came to the south to help or make money and brought their belongings in carpet suitcases
George Washington Carver
worked at the Tuskegee Institute for more than 40 years and invented new products with peanuts
Thomas Edison
created the telegraph
sod house
a house built out of grass/sod because of the lack of trees
Ellis Island
the immigration station on the east coast of the US, in which mostly European immigrants passed through
Angel Island
the immigration station on the west coast of the US, in which mosly Asian immigrants passed though
Alaska and Hawaii
the US bought and took over these two territories later becoming states in the 1950's
Panama Canal
Canal built by Theodore Roosevelt that was a short cut for ships connecting the east and west
Spanish-American War
sparked because of the explosion of the US Maine in Cuba's harbor
19th Amendment
Amendment that gave women had the right to vote
Barbed Wire
put an end to cattle drives
land promised to the Native Americans
stock market
a place where people invest their money
the number of people who don't work and are looking for jobs
The Great Depression
brought about by the crash of the stock market, bank failures, and farming difficulties
the money someone owes
an organization that helps people in need
Langston Hughes
a famous writer and poet during the Harlem Renaissance
Duke Ellington
famous Jazz player
Margret Mitchell
wrote Gone with the Wind
Jesse Owens
famous African American track star
New Deal
a variety of government programs that were implemented to create jobs
Civilian Conservation Corps
CCC - created jobs and protected the natural environment
Tennessee Valley Authority
TVA - built dams on the Tennessee River which created hydroelectricity
Works Progress Administration
WPA - hired people to write books and artists
Social Security
provides money for people over the age of 65
minimum wage
the lowest amount a person can get paid working
electricity produced by water
Dust Bowl
a severe drought that hit farmers living in the Great Plains during the Great Depression
Louis Armstrong
a famous Jazz player
the type of music that is associated with African Americans who lived in the south
Harlem Renaissance
a time of rebirth of African American Arts
Babe Ruth
a famous baseball player
Henry Ford
revolutionized the assembly line in the car industry
Charles Lindbergh
flew alone in the Spirit of St. Louis from NY to Paris in May 1927
Kitty Hawk, NC
place where the Wright Brothers flew their first flight
Washington DC
the Capital of the US
when nations build empires by adding colonies
the belief that your country deserves more success than others
an agreement nations make to support and defend each other
trench warfare
during WW I the fighting was fought from the trenches
the building of a stong military to frighten or defeat other countries
after WW I when the economy went through a peoriod of rapid growth
took over the factory jobs when the men went to war
limits put on goods during war
an agreeement nations make to support and defend each other
Grand Canyon
Salton Sea
Great Salt Lake
Sinking of the Lusitania
Caused US to enter WW I
Bombing of Pearl Harbor
Caused US to enter WW II
Adolf Hitler
German dictator that rose to power after the Gread Depression
Navajo Code Talkers
used secret code that the Japanese could not understand
WW II Axis Powers
Germany, Italy, Japan
began when Germany attacked Poland
Rosie the Riveter
name given to the women who worked in factories
Tuskegee Airmen
the group of African American pilots who flew successful missions over Italy
V-J Day
Japan surrendered after the US dropped the atomic bombs
Cuban Missile Crisis
a conflict during which the US ordered the Soviet Union to remove missles from Cuba
Iron Curtain
a symbol of the differences dividing communist and noncommunist countries in Europe
opportunity costs
the thing you give up when you decide to do or have something else
when people make the goods they are best able to produce with the resources they have
the amount of goods produced by workers in a certain amount of time
Space Race
competition between the US and the Soviet Union to send people into outer space
Arms Race
a contest between nations to build more powerful weapons
Rosa Parks
African American who refused to obey segregation laws in Alabama - refused to move her seat on the bus
Thurgood Marshall
lawyer who successfully argued against segregation in the Brown vs Board of Education, 1st African American appointed to Supreme Court
Berlin Wall
divided East and West Berlin