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Jefferson Davis

Who was the President of the Confederacy?

Stonewall Jackson

led the Confederates in the Battle of Bull Run

Freedman's Bureau

an organization that provided food, clothing, medical, and legal advice to poor blacks and whites

13th Amendment

Amendment that ended slavery

15th Amendment

Amendment that gave African American men the right to vote

16th Amendment

What amendment gave full citizenship to African Americans

Jim Crow Laws

laws that made African Americans separate from whites during Reconstruction

Abraham Lincoln

The President of the Union

Robert E. Lee

Confederate leader that surrendered at Appomattox Court House

Ulysses S. Grant

Union military leader during the Civil War

Sherman's March to the Sea

led to the destruction of key cities from Atlanta to Savannah

Vicksburg and Gettysburg

two battles won by the Union that were the turning points in the Civil War

Atlanta Campaign

the capture of the economic center of the South

Due Process

a citizen's life, liberty, or property can't be taken away without a fair trial


a system in which landowners let poor farmers use small areas of land in return for a share of crops

Transcontinental Railroad

connected the east and west coasts of the US

Homestead Act

the government gave away 160 acres if a family stayed and farmed for 5 years

Promontory Point, Utah

where the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads met forming the Transcontinental Railroad


the amount of something that people want to sell at a certain price


the amount of something that people want to buy at a ceratin price


a person who takes risks to develop new goods and services to start a business


the period when the South rejoined the North after the Civil War


to charge a government official with a crime


a southerner who helped the government during Reconstruction


a northerner who came to the south to help or make money and brought their belongings in carpet suitcases

George Washington Carver

worked at the Tuskegee Institute for more than 40 years and invented new products with peanuts

Thomas Edison

created the telegraph

sod house

a house built out of grass/sod because of the lack of trees

Ellis Island

the immigration station on the east coast of the US, in which mostly European immigrants passed through

Angel Island

the immigration station on the west coast of the US, in which mosly Asian immigrants passed though

Alaska and Hawaii

the US bought and took over these two territories later becoming states in the 1950's

Panama Canal

Canal built by Theodore Roosevelt that was a short cut for ships connecting the east and west

Spanish-American War

sparked because of the explosion of the US Maine in Cuba's harbor

19th Amendment

Amendment that gave women had the right to vote

Barbed Wire

put an end to cattle drives


land promised to the Native Americans

stock market

a place where people invest their money


the number of people who don't work and are looking for jobs

The Great Depression

brought about by the crash of the stock market, bank failures, and farming difficulties


the money someone owes


an organization that helps people in need

Langston Hughes

a famous writer and poet during the Harlem Renaissance

Duke Ellington

famous Jazz player

Margret Mitchell

wrote Gone with the Wind

Jesse Owens

famous African American track star

New Deal

a variety of government programs that were implemented to create jobs

Civilian Conservation Corps

CCC - created jobs and protected the natural environment

Tennessee Valley Authority

TVA - built dams on the Tennessee River which created hydroelectricity

Works Progress Administration

WPA - hired people to write books and artists

Social Security

provides money for people over the age of 65

minimum wage

the lowest amount a person can get paid working


electricity produced by water

Dust Bowl

a severe drought that hit farmers living in the Great Plains during the Great Depression

Louis Armstrong

a famous Jazz player


the type of music that is associated with African Americans who lived in the south

Harlem Renaissance

a time of rebirth of African American Arts

Babe Ruth

a famous baseball player

Henry Ford

revolutionized the assembly line in the car industry

Charles Lindbergh

flew alone in the Spirit of St. Louis from NY to Paris in May 1927

Kitty Hawk, NC

place where the Wright Brothers flew their first flight

Washington DC

the Capital of the US


when nations build empires by adding colonies


the belief that your country deserves more success than others


an agreement nations make to support and defend each other

trench warfare

during WW I the fighting was fought from the trenches


the building of a stong military to frighten or defeat other countries


after WW I when the economy went through a peoriod of rapid growth


took over the factory jobs when the men went to war


limits put on goods during war


an agreeement nations make to support and defend each other

Grand Canyon


Salton Sea


Great Salt Lake


Sinking of the Lusitania

Caused US to enter WW I

Bombing of Pearl Harbor

Caused US to enter WW II

Adolf Hitler

German dictator that rose to power after the Gread Depression

Navajo Code Talkers

used secret code that the Japanese could not understand

WW II Axis Powers

Germany, Italy, Japan


began when Germany attacked Poland

Rosie the Riveter

name given to the women who worked in factories

Tuskegee Airmen

the group of African American pilots who flew successful missions over Italy

V-J Day

Japan surrendered after the US dropped the atomic bombs

Cuban Missile Crisis

a conflict during which the US ordered the Soviet Union to remove missles from Cuba

Iron Curtain

a symbol of the differences dividing communist and noncommunist countries in Europe

opportunity costs

the thing you give up when you decide to do or have something else


when people make the goods they are best able to produce with the resources they have


the amount of goods produced by workers in a certain amount of time

Space Race

competition between the US and the Soviet Union to send people into outer space

Arms Race

a contest between nations to build more powerful weapons

Rosa Parks

African American who refused to obey segregation laws in Alabama - refused to move her seat on the bus

Thurgood Marshall

lawyer who successfully argued against segregation in the Brown vs Board of Education, 1st African American appointed to Supreme Court

Berlin Wall

divided East and West Berlin

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