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APWH: Geography and Intro Vocab LIVE 9/4 and 9/8
The AP world essay questions will ask you to compare and contrast regions and to analyze regional changes and continuities over time. If AP asks you to analyze East Asia, discussing India (South Asia) would be a "0".
Terms in this set (88)
Latin America, including regions of MesoAmerica and the Caribbean
the landmass made up of Africa and Eurasia together. This geographical expression serves as a helpful tool in discussing large-scale historical developments that cut across the traditionally-defined continental divisions of Africa, Asia, and Europe.
The ______ are made up of the continents of North America and South America, including neighboring islands, notably the islands of the Caribbean Sea. Until the twentieth century, most geography books classified North and South America together as a single continent, labeling them the "New World" ("new" to Europeans beginning in the late fifteenth century CE) in contradistinction to the "Old World," that is Afroeurasia.
A term used to describe a certain kind of
development of a human society characterized by advanced agriculture, long-distance trade, occupational specialization, and urbanization.
an understood rule for accepted and expected behavior. Norms prescribe "proper" behavior within a culture.
The unbroken and consistent existence or
operation of something over a period of time.
Continuing for an extended period or without interruption
a critical combination of events or circumstances
the relationship between an event (the cause)
and a second event (the effect), where the second event is a consequence of the first.
the background provided by previous communication episodes between the participants that influence understandings in the current encounter
the attempt to categorize divide world history into named blocks. There are four time periods in this course.
point of view
to identify the narrator, describing any part he or she plays in the events and any limits placed upon his/her knowledge.
The distorting influences of present knowledge, beliefs, and feelings on recollection of previous experiences.
a quality or characteristic given to a person, group, or some other thing.
to find out by reasoning; to arrive at a conclusion on the basis of thought; to hint, suggest, imply
of crucial importance in relation to the development or success of something else
THEME 1: HUMANS AND THE ENVIRONMENT (ENV)
The environment shapes human societies, and as populations grow and change, these populations in turn shape their environments. (spIce-t)
THEME 2: CULTURAL DEVELOPMENTS AND INTERACTIONS (CDI)
The development of ideas, beliefs, and religions illustrates how groups in society view themselves, and the interactions of societies and their beliefs often have political, social, and cultural implications. (spiCe-t)
THEME 3: GOVERNANCE (GOV)
A variety of internal and external factors contribute to state formation, expansion, and decline. Governments maintain order through a variety of administrative institutions, policies, and procedures, and governments obtain, retain, and exercise power in different ways and for different purposes. (sPice-t)
THEME 4: ECONOMIC SYSTEMS (ECN)
As societies develop, they affect and are affected by the ways that they produce, exchange, and consume goods and services. (spicE-t)
THEME 5: SOCIAL INTERACTIONS AND ORGANIZATION (SIO)
The process by which societies group their members and the norms that govern the interactions between these groups and between individuals influence political, economic, and cultural institutions and organization. (Spice-t)
THEME 6: TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION (TEC)
Human adaptation and innovation have resulted in increased efficiency, comfort, and security, and technological advances have shaped human development and interactions with both intended and unintended consequences. (spice-T)
The study of patterns and rates of population
change, including birth and death rates, migration trends, and evolving population distribution patterns. (spIce-t)
permanent moves to new locations that have occurred on local, regional, and global levels.
a way of life in which a group of people have no
permanent residence, but move from place to place. (spIce-t)
Agriculture that takes place in the immediate surroundings of a permanent settlement
A type of agricultural activity based on nomadic
animal husbandry or the raising of livestock to provide food, clothing, and shelter. (spIce-t)
a sequence of rulers from the same family (sPice-t)
A large, complex organization composed of appointed officials. (sPice-t)
land with different territories and peoples under a single rule (Islamic Caliphate, Song Dynasty, etc) (sPice-t)
The popular acceptance of a governing regime or
law as an authority; when people accept the authority of a king, emperor, president, prime minister, etc. (sPice-t)
a supreme ruler, especially a monarch.
the practice or policy of territorial or economic expansion
the domination of one state or group over its allies (sPice-t)
wealth that one party gives to another as a sign of respect or, as was often the case in historical contexts, of submission or allegiance. (sPice-t)
compulsory enlistment for state service, typically into the armed forces; a military draft (sPice-t)
An order having the force of law (sPice-t)
A government in which power is concentrated in a central authority to which local governments are subject (sPice-t)
A decentralized government is one where its top level decision-making processes are dispersed throughout the system rather than being concentrated on one person, place or legislative body (sPice-t)
a member of a class of persons who are small farmers or farm laborers of low social rank. (Spice-t)
The landowning aristocratic class. (Spice-t)
The doctrine of the equality of mankind and the desirability of political and economic and social equality. The opposite of an egalitarian system could be a fascist society or dictatorship. Monarchies are not egalitarian. When you see this word, think about equality and freedom. (Spice-t)
The division of a society into distinct and
unequal groups or classes. (Spice-t)
Movement between different social positions
within a stratification system. (Spice-t)
A social system in which the father or eldest male
is head of the household, having authority over women and children. _____ also refers to a system of government by males, and to the dominance of men in social or cultural systems. It may also include title being traced through the male line. (Spice-t)
An established pattern of human social behavior in
a given society--such as marriage, family, or government.
A small group within the state or other organization which has disproportionate power over important decisions. (Spice-t)
high class who often became scholar officials (China)
a worker in a skilled trade, especially one that involves making things by hand.(Spice-t)
the exchange of goods and services; business, trade, and retailing are all common synonyms. (spicE-t)
related to business (spicE-t)
a raw material or primary agricultural product that can be bought and sold, such as copper or coffee.
A person who makes money by selling goods (spicE-t)
a belief or set of beliefs held and taught by a church, political party, or other group.
people who work to spread their religious beliefs (spiCe-t)
the union (or attempted fusion) of different systems of thought or belief (especially in religion or philosophy) (spiCe-t)
a religious doctrine proclaimed as true without proof (spiCe-t)
The spread of linguistic or cultural practices or
innovations within a community or from one community to another. (spiCe-t)
The science of metals; their extraction from ores,
purification and alloying (spice-T)
artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting fibers (spice-T)
the process or state of breaking or being broken into small or separate parts. "the fragmentation of society into a collection of interest groups"
When an imperial power enacts specific polices designed to socially, economically, and politically absorb a conquered civilization into the the imperial, hegemonic culture.
When the imperial power allows newly conquered people to keep cultural traditions (religion, social interactions) even though they are different from the traditions of the conquering empire.
When the imperial power seeks to destroy the civilization of those they conquer - mass executions, destruction of temples, etc.
A dispersion of people from their homeland
the action or fact of treating someone unfairly in order to benefit from their work.
originating or occurring naturally in a particular place; native.
action or process that makes something stronger or more extreme;
government or the holding of power by people selected on the basis of their ability, not by their social class, family connections, etc.
to hinder, impede
to conquer by force, bring under complete control
(adj.) able to read and write; showing an excellent educational background; having knowledge or training
A social bond based on common ancestry, marriage, or adoption
set up or lay the groundwork for
Being most evident or apparent
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