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respiratory dillman

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nasal cavity
area where air enter nose; has hairs and mucus to filter out dirt/bacteria; warms and moistens air
trachea
windpipe where air flows down to lungs; held open by cartilage rings
epiglottis
flap of tissue that covers trachea when you eat or drink to prevent choking
bronchi
two big branched air tubes that lead into each lung
bronchioles
smaller branching air tubes that lead to air sacs
alveoli
grape-like air sacs where oxygen enters bloodstream
capillary
tiny blood vessels that cover alveoli
lung cancer
disease caused by smoking where lung cells grow out of control
asthma
condition where bronchi and bronchioles close off making it hard to breathe
allergy
body reacts badly to dust, smoke or pets making you sneeze
emphysema
a disease caused by smoking that destroys alveoli permanently
bronchitis
a disease caused by bacteria where air ways are inflamed and mucus fills the bronchi and bronchioles causes coughing
pneumonia
a disease caused by bacteria where the lung is inflamed and mucus fills the alveoli making it very difficult to breathe