A group of people who in some ways differ from the dominant group in society and who, because of these differences, are the objects of prejudice and discrimination.
Minority members who are devalued because of old age and are disadvantaged because of their minority status.
the ranking of individuals and families into higher and lower social positions according to their share of social rewards (based on wealth, power, and prestige—Max Weber).
a category of individuals and families who share relatively equal amounts of social rewards (based on income, occupation, and education—Diana Harris).
vertical movement of persons from one social class to another.
Social Mobility Pattern
tends to be curvilinear in nature (gradually increases from early adulthood to the middle years, levels off, and then begins a slow decline in the later years).
socially imposed downward mobility (Foner).
a situation in which a person ranks high in one status dimension but low in another (e.g., high level of education but very little income)
Theory of Shared Functions
To serve older people well you need a combination of primary groups and formal organizations.
Near One's Children
Preferred living arangements for elderly
Parent as child. Middle age child becomes more like the parent.
Individuality; continum of care
Continum of Care
Appropriate services at appropriate stages provide help as needed.
Treating each generation fair.
Enjoys giving presents and ingulging grandchildren, but is careful not to enroachon the parents responsibility.
Informal, playful relationship with grandchildren and often makes visits to see them. Emphasize mutual satisfaction.
Parent role pertains to grandmother taking care of grandchildren during the day while daughter is at work.
Reservoir of Family Wisdom
Refers to grandfathers who maintain an authoritarian position in the family and dispense knowledge and special skills.
Grandparent has only brief contacts with grandchildren on holidays and special occasions, seeing them infrequently otherwise.
Recommendations of Howard
Older people have doubts about their learning ability. They have become so reluctant to expose themselves to the embarrassment and be ridiculed. Also stressed that education should be an affirmative enterprise in which each person should be allowed to grow and to develop his or her potential regardless of age.
50 Plus Movement in Community Colleges
In Missouri 65 & older can go to any public school for free.
ADMINISTERED AT THE FEDERAL LEVEL BY THE SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, FUNDED PRIMARILY BY OASDI PAYROLL TAXES, TARGETED PRIMARILY TO RETIRED INDIVIDUALS WITH AT LEAST 40 QUARTERS OF RELEVANT WORK AND WHO ARE AT LEAST 62 YEARS OLD
Supplemental Security Income
ADMINISTERED BY THE SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, FUNDED PRIMARILY BY GENERAL REVENUE (TAXES), TARGETED (ELIGIBLES) TO AGED, BLIND, AND/OR DISABLED WHO MEET INCOME AND ASSET GUIDELINES (MEANS-TESTED)
ADMINISTERED AT THE FEDERAL LEVEL BY THE CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICES; ADMINISTERED AT THE LOCAL LEVEL BY CONTRACTORS
Medicare Part A
(IN-PATIENT HOSPITAL CARE) FUNDED BY PAYROLL TAXES, GENERAL REVENUE, AND OTHER SOURCES
Medicare Part B
FUNDED BY MONTHLY PREMIUMS, CO-PAYS, AND OTHER SOURCES
ADMINISTERED AT THE FEDERAL LEVEL BY THE CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICES •FUNDED BY FEDERAL GENERAL REVENUE FUNDS MATCHED BY STATE FUNDS •TARGETED TO THE POOR OF ALL AGES WHO MEET INCOME AND ASSET GUIDELINES •ADMINISTERED IN MO BY MO HEALTHNET DIVISION
the right of workers to receive the benefits that they have accumulated when they retire
Some combination of assets and incomes to determine if you meet income and guidelines.
Social Security Act
1935: Made retirement possible for most people
Employee Retirement Income Security Act
-Provides protection against the loss of retirement benefits (vesting) -Regulates and supervises private pension plans -Establishes rules to prevent misuse of pension plans -(Has widely been considered to be very complicated and ineffective because people are changing jobs so much)
Very similar to productivity for under age 65 population.
Dropping out of the labor force when unable to find a job.
Cliche that people die after retirement. This is false.