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Terms in this set (20)
The specialty in psychology that studies the interaction of biology, behavior, and mental processes
A section of psychology focusing on how physical and mental processes and behavior are connected
Biopsychology is like watching three little kids playing together and examining the interaction between the three kids
A relatively new inter-disiplinary field that focuses on the brain and its role in psychological processes
The study of the brain and how it affects psychology
Neuroscience is like examining the circuit board of computer to see how it affects the running of the computer
Segment of a chromosome that encodes the directions for the inherited physical and mental characteristics of an organism. Genes are the functional units of a chromosome
A gene is a section of a chromosome with directions to create an inborn physical or mental trate in an organism.
A gene is like a blueprint for a certain aspect of the body whether mental or physical
The nervous system's ability to adapt or change as the results of experience. It may also help the nervous system adapt to physical damage.
The nervous system can change because of experience or damage.
If I went camping one time and it was raining, the next time I would probably bring a waterproof jacket and tent. This is similar to how our neurons adapt to our experiences
Cells that bind the neurons together. Glial cells also provide an insulating covering (myeline sheath) of the axon for some neurons, which facilitates the electrical impulse
Glial cells help connect and protect the neurons
The glial cells are like a blanket over two people because the blanket connects the two people and also protects the people.
Somatic nervous system
A division of the PNS that carries sensory information to the CNS and also sends voluntary messages to the body's skeletal muscles
The section of the PNS that controls skeletal muscles and sends sensory messages to the brain.
If you saw a tree outside while you are running you are using your somatic nervous system because you are running and also taking in sensory details
Autonomic nervous system
The portion of the PNS that sends communications between the CNS and the internal organs and glands
The internal communication system between the CNS and the body's internal organs/glands
The autonomic system is like the phone lines connecting the various offices within a building, which allow people to communicate within the building
The part of the autonomic nervous system that sends messages to internal organs and glands that help us respond to stressful and emergency situations
The system that responds to exciting situations.
The sympathetic system is like the fire alarm in the building. The alarm makes us react to the stimulus and helps us get out of a potentially dangerous situation
The part of the autonomic nervous system that monitors the routine operations of the internal organs and returns the body to calmer functioning after arousal by the sympathetic division.
The system that calms the body after an exciting event.
The sympathetic division is like when the fire men tell you everything is okay and people are allowed to go back into the building and continue the day. It allows people go back to their normal day
The hormone system-the body's chemical messenger system, including the endocrine glands: pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenals, pancreas, ovaries, and testes
The system that excretes hormones(chemical messengers) into the blood stream. These hormones send messages throughout the body.
The endocrine system is like a river system all over the body with the ability to put messages into the water that will activate various responses throughout the body.
Drug or other chemical that enhances or mimics the effects of neurotransmitters.
A drug that acts as a substitute for a neurotransmitter
An agonist is like a person in disguise, pretending to be something they're not
Drug or other chemical that inhibits the effects of neurotransmitters.
A drug that stops the message of a neurotransmitter.
An antagonist is like a security guard at a club who won't let anyone past him
A device for recording brain waves, typically by electrodes placed on the scalp. The record produced is known as the electroencephalogram
A brain imaging system that detects electrical signals.
You might use this technique during an experiment because it is less evasive.
A computerized imaging technique that uses X rays passed throught the brain at various angles and then combinded into an image
A static picture of the brain from various angles created with X- rays
You could use a CT scan to detect a tumor in the brain
An imaging technique that relies on the detection of radioactive sugar consumed by active brain cells
An image of the brain that shows area of the brain activity because of sugar concentration
You could use a PET scan to see brain activity during various mental processes
An imaging technique that relies on cells' responses in a high-intensity magnetic field.
Shows how the brain reacts to a magnetic field
You would use this to detect small abnormalities like lesion
A type of MRI that reveals which parts of the brain are most active during various mental activities
An image of the brain that shows brain activity during a given mental activity.
You would use this to detect what parts of the brain are activated during various mental processes.
Cortical regions throughout the brain that combine information from various other parts of the brain
The part of the brain that takes information from parts of the brain and connects all that information
The association cortex is like a wedding planner coordinating the florists, decorators, and musicians into a cohesive wedding
The tendency of each brain hemisphere to exert control over different functions, such as language or perception of spatial relationships.
When a given hemisphere takes control over certain functions.
Cerebral dominance is like two people sibling dividing the chores that need to be done between them.
The band of nerve cells that connects the two cerebral hemispheres
A way for the two hemispheres to communicate with each other.
The corpus callosum is like a telephone between two different houses, allowing each house to communicate with the other
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