Chapter 2 Firefighter Safety and Health
Terms in this set (52)
What is the leading cause of firefighter fatalities?
Overexertion- Caused by heart attack or stroke
What were the leading types of injuries firefighters faced?
Strains and Sprains
What % of injuries actually occurred on the fire ground?
What is the best way to reduce stress and limit the leading cause of injures?
Be active/physically fit to reduce strains and sprains which count for 50% of FF injures
What disease is the leading cause of firefighter fatalities and whats the percentage?
Cardiovascular disease/ 45%
What is the best way to protect yourself from respiratory diseases?
Protect yourself with proper PPE such as SCBA or mask when necessary.
What should be done to prevent cancer carcinogens from coming in contact with your face?
Carcinogens from exhaust fumes and apparatuses, as well as, fires cause what?
What % of FF are overweight and what are the risks associated with obesity?
Type 2 Diabetes
Coronary Heart Disease
What is a serious long term consequence of stress?
Hypertension (High blood pressure)
How do you protect yourself from exposure related diseases?
BSI- Body substance isolation
Safety Standards and regulations address inherent dangers of fire fighting, the most prominent come from what two organizations?
NFPA establish standards for?
Fire and Life Safety Systems
Design for: Protect clothing and equipment
What is the basic concept of NFPA 1500
Promote safety throughout the fire service
What section in NFPA 1500 covers anticipated hazards and non-emergency issues?
Safety and Health related policies and procedures
Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health
Personnel may not be assigned to FF duties until they have completed the required skills evaluation and training set in what NFPA series?
NFPA 1000 series of professional qualifications (ProQual) standards.
EAP Employee Assistance Program?
Help FF's with substance abuse, stress and other PERSONAL problems
HEALTH related issues such as smoking
What is CISM?
Critical Incident Stress Management- Counseling for highly stressful incidents.
For FF OSHA regulations apply only to what sectors?
Federal and Private
However, other local agencies and states follow it due to it being a national standard for safety and hazards.
Risk management is an established set of decision making criteria based on a thorough assessment of what two things?
Benefit and Risk
-Risk a lot to save a lot
-Risk a little to save a little
-Risk nothing to save nothing
Bases on the Phoenix model
Fire Departments Safety and Health Programs goals are to?
-Prevent human suffering, fatalities, injures and exposure to hazardous atmospheres and contagious diseases
- Prevent damage to or loss of equipment
- Reduce accidents and hazardous exposure, and their severity
Who has access to departments wellness program and what does it do?
Employee and family to confidential assistance for
Education, Counseling, and referrals to professional services such as:
alcohol, drugs, anxiety, financial issues, marital issues, stress, depression
as well health problems such as weight, smoking, nutrition
Whats the second leading cause of death among fire fighters?
MVA- Motor Vehicle Accidents
What does driving defensively mean?
Anticipation of hazards and developing strategies to deal with them.
The ________ of _________ is higher than most vehicles in most fire apparatuses. This means what for you as a driver?
Center of Gravity: Needs more stopping distance and
Slower on turns
If your wheels leave the road what should you do?
Slow down to 20mph before bringing them back down
Why should you pass on the _______ side of vehicles?
Left Side- Because most state law requires vehicles to pull over to the right when approached by an emergency vehicle.
Before an apparatus starts, the driver/operator and all passengers must be?
In protective clothing
Multiple emergency vehicles should travel at least _____-_____ feet apart?
Important principles of stopping an apparatus includes?
Fast you move the longer the stop
Driver reaction distance
Total stopping distance
What is a Baffle?
It reduces surge effect in a partially loaded liquid tank
What is the one exception to riding on the exterior of an apparatus?
When your loading hose, only 5mph authorizes moving forward
Guidelines for safety riding on, mounting or dismounting and apparatus?
1 Never stand on moving apparatus
2 Always be seated and belted
3 Always were hearing protection
4 Secure all loose tools and equipment
5 Close cab doors securely
6 Use step and hand rails when mounting
What preventable injury results in the most expensive workers compensation claims?
Back Strains- If its to heavy get a partner
In the fire station what are the main sources of airborne contaminate?
Exhaust and chemical cleaners
How can you maintain personal safety during training evolutions?
Appropriate PPE for the task
Good Situational Awareness
Good Mental and Physical condition
Incident Command System is?
Incident Command System, a system by which facilities, equipment, personnel, procedures, and communications are organized to operate within a common organizational structure designed to aid in the management of resources at emergency incidents.
What can you do to make sure your equipment is ready when needed?
Proper maintenance and inspections
Proper location on the vehicle
Supplies are restocked
Protection at roadway incidents starts with?
Being visible to the drivers of passing vehicles
How should the first apparatus on scene be parked?
On an angle with the front wheels turned away from the scene so that the vehicle will not struck working personnel if its hit from behind.
Pump operations should be on the protected side of the apparatus as well to protect operator
Cones place to block at least one lane as well
How far should the second apparatus be behind to for a second barrier on scene?
What area should friends and family be located in at a scene?
They can be within the cordoned area, but firmly restrain them from getting too close.
What is the best way to control a scene?
With control zones:
When setting up control zones what are some things you should take into count?
What conditions would require a collapse zone?
-Prolonged heat or fire have weakened the structure
-A defensive strategy has been adopted
-Interior operations cannot be justified
Traditionally collapse zones must extend how far?
1 1/2 times the height of the building
Where is the safest position for defensive operations during a possible collapse?
The corner of the structure.
What zones are accountability systems used for?
Hot zone typically, but accountability is always necessary
2010 study showed that what % of fire fighters are overweight?
An atmosphere-supplying respirator for which the source of breathing air is not designed to be carried by the user, and not certified for fire fighting operations is called
SAR Supplied Air Respirator
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