Slavery and Politics, Election of 1852 through Sumner-Brooks Affair
Which democrat ran in the Election of 1852?
Franklin Pierce - dark-horse candidate
Who won the Election of 1852?
How did Franklin Pierce's only son die?
In a tragic train accident
What happened to Franklin after his son died?
He became an alcoholic.
When did Millard Fillmore become president?
After Zachary Taylor died (1850-1853)
Fugitive Slave Act
Federal officers were to catch runaway slaves
Who wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin, and how successful was it?
Harriet Beecher Stowe - outsold the Bible!!
Why was Uncle Tom's Cabin important?
People in the North who had never even thought about the evils of slavery become abolitionists.
Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854
This becomes a law - End to the peace of the Compromise of 1850 - Reopened the slavery issue!!
Who wrote the Kansas-Nebraska Act?
Senator Stephen Douglas (the Little Giant) from Illinois
What was the civil war in Kansas called?
What is important about the "Bleeding Kansas"?
Two governments now in Kansas
Explain how John Brown sought revenge.
John Brown, a fervent abolitionist, sought revenge. He led his four sons to a proslavery settlement along Pottawatomie Creek. They murdered five men by splitting open their heads. Over 200 people were killed.
What happened when Charles Sumner made insulting comments about Preston Brook's uncle, Andrew Butler?
Congressman Brooks came into the Senate chamber and attacked Sumner. - Sumner-Brooks Affair of 1856
Who was Charles Sumner?
a Senator from Massachusetts
What is the significance of the Sumner-Brooks Affair of 1856?
It revealed rising level of hostility between North and South
What year was the Missouri Compromise written, and under whom was it written?
1820 - President Monroe
What did Senator James Talmadge want?
To outlaw slavery in Missouri
What part did Henry Clay play in the compromise?
Wrote the Compromise of 1820
What are the 3 provisions to the Missouri Compromise (1820)?
1. Maine was admitted as a free state. 2. Missouri was admitted as a slave state. 3. Slavery would not be allowed in the rest of the Louisiana Purchase north of the 36 30 line.
Outlaw slavery in the lands won from Mexico
What was popular sovereignty?
The people rule! Every territory could decide whether it wanted to be slave or free.
Senator from Michigan - came up with popular sovereignty
Who won the Election of 1848?
Who ran for the free-soilers in the Election of 1848?
Martin Van Buren
Who would not take a stand on slavery?
The Democrats and the Whigs
What was the significance of what the free-soilers wanted?
Questioned slavery's expansion for the first time - Deadlock in Congress!