SS.7.C.1.2 Trace the impact that the Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights, Mayflower Compact, and Thomas Paine's Common Sense had on colonists' views of government.
Terms in this set (14)
Magna Carta (year of 1215)
government document that limited the power of the King of England for the first time in history in 1215
. It provided rights to the nobles (the rich) while it took power away from the King.
M.C. made King John follow the rule of law
The nobles also received a trial by jury
-they could now be judged by other adults in court and not by the King!
a system of government in which the king or queen shares authority with an elected legislature and agrees to be bound (follow) by a constitution or a set of laws, also known as a constitutional monarchy. In the picture, you can see England's current Prime Minster Theresa May on the left and the current Queen of England (Elizabeth) on the right. PM May really has more power than Queen Elizabeth.
a government that has been limited in power by a constitution, or written agreement. We got this idea from the Magna Carta. Montesquieu would love this idea!
this idea came from the Magna Carta. It means that every citizen should have the right to have their day in court if they feel their rights have been violated. They need to know what they are being charged with and they should receive a fair trial, judge and jury as well.
RULE OF LAW!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
No one, and that means NO ONE is above the law including the President, Congress and the Supreme Court members. This idea came from the Magna Carta when the King was accountable to the law-This means EVERYONE in the U.S. can be arrested at any time if you break the LAW!!!
Mayflower Compact (year of 1620)
A group of Pilgrims came over to the U.S. from England on a ship in 1620 because they could not practice the religion they wanted to there. Once they landed in this new area of the U.S., they wanted to watch over each and hold each other accountable to a set of laws that they all would create and agree to. They created a document called the Mayflower Compact which is another term for a self-government. This document would provide order and protection for this group of people and list the individual rights they would all have to follow.
What is a Compact?
an official agreement made by two or more parties or people
It's a type of government where the people create and run their own government (they don't need another country helping them run their government). An example of this type of government is The Mayflower Compact. It gave us the idea that the U.S. could run their own government and not be controlled by England.
English Bill of Rights (year of 1689)
After the Magna Carta was signed in 1215, English citizens still wanted more individual rights from their King. Thus, they basically put their King in a corner and said, give up more of your power and give us more individual rights, or we will overthrow you!!! (it was called the Glorious Revolution). The King of England decided to give the citizens more rights. The individual rights they received are called the English Bill of Rights. Some of the rights they received were: freedom of Speech, and no taxes could be passed without Parliaments consent (approval).Their government (called The Parliament) became even more powerful as well.
Parliament is the political government of England. It's leader is the Prime Minister (they are like a President). Parliament has more power than the Queen of England today because they make the laws.
This is the leader of England's government. They get their job by being picked by the Parliament. They have more power than the Queen.
This is the system of government England has. They have a monarch (a Queen who has no power) but they are led by their country's constitution (Parliament).
He was a colonial journalist who wrote the pamphlet called "Common Sense" in 1776. It inspired the colonists to break away from England with a list of reasons why he felt we should not be ruled England. He said, why should the American colonies be controlled by a country across the Atlantic Ocean?
"Common Sense" (Year of 1776)
This was the name of the pamphlet that Thomas Paine wrote that fired up Thomas Jefferson and others to want to break away from England after they read it in 1776.
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