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15 terms

Bio AP Chapter 50

Bio AP Reece Campbell 6th Edition
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Organismal Ecology
The branch of ecology concerned with the morphological, physiological, and behavioral ways in which individual organisms meet the challenges posed by their biotic and abiotic environments
Population Ecology
The study of how members of a population interact with their environment, focusing on factors that influence population density and growth
Community Ecology
The study of how interactions between species affect community structure and organization
Ecosystem Ecology
The study of energy flow and the cycling of chemicals among the various biotic and abiotic factors in an ecosystem
Landscape Ecology
The application of ecological principles to the study of land-use patterns; the scientific study of the biodiversity of interacting ecosystems
Community
All the organisms that inhabit a particular area; an assemblage of populations of different species living close ennough together for potential interaction
Population
A group of individuals of one species that live in a particular geographic area
Landscape
Several different primarily terrestrial ecosystems linked by exchanges of energy, materials, and organisms
Ecosystem
All the organisms in a given area as well as the abiotic factors with which they interact; a community and its physcial environment
Dispersal
The distribution of individuals within geographic population boundaries
Ecological Time
Shorter than evolutionary time (Minutes, Months, Years)
Evolutionary Time
Longer than ecological time (Decades, Centuries, Millenia, and longer)
Pelagic Zone
Open water/Open ocean not near the coast
Benthic Zone
The lower region of a body of water including the bottom
Aphotic Zone
The deep part of the ocean that is not exposed to sunlight