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A&P Ch 13 Exam Review

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hard and soft palate
what two things separate the nasal and oral cavity
cilia and nasal mucosa
functions are moving mucus to pharynx for swollowing
respiratory conducting passageway
functions are humidifying, warmth, purifying and delivering air
nose
external nares, nasal septum, nostrils, nasal cavity
paranasal sinuses
lighten the skull, act as resonance chambers, moisten air and make mucus
pharnygeal tonsil
adenoids located high in the nasopharynx are also known as
true vocal chords
vibration due to exhaled air the results in speech is a function of
nasopharynx
air from the nasal cavity enters the superior portion of the pharynx called the
lungs
apex, bases rest on diaphragm, right has 3 lobes, left has 2
pleura
glide on each other, cling together, produce slippery solution, plueracy
surfactant
critical to lung function, chemical that helps babies breathe
simple
exchange of o and co2 throught respiratory membranes occurs by _____ diffusion
right main bronchus
wider, shorter and straighter than left and known to take in foreign objects
simple squamos
type of epithelium are the walls of the alveoli largely composed of
apnea
cessation of breathing
sneezing/coughing
clears upper respiratory passages
yawning
venilates avioli
laughing
___________ is similar to crying
vital capacity
total amount of exchangeable air
pulmonary ventilation
air moving in and out of the lungs
expiration
during_________ gas flows out, intro pulmonary volume decreases
negative
passive process normal pressure is __________
cyanosis
bluish cast due to lack of oxygen
residual volume
amount of air left in the lungs after greatest expiratory effort
hypoventilation
carbonic acid goes up; slow breathing
internal respiration
gas exchange between blood and cells
increase
increased co2 in blood leads to an ______ in rate of breathing
cystic fibrosis
empares food digestion, thick mucus clogs respiratory passages,salty sweat, common lethal disease
28-30 weeks
surfactant is found in fetal lungs by what age
COPD/lung cancer
most damaging and disabling respiratory disease in the US
SIDS
leads to death in infants
40+
respiratory rate of newborn infants is around ______ per minute