How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

37 terms

Chapter 2 Roman Archaeology

STUDY
PLAY
Dominus Italica
typical single0family house of this period
stucco
plaster-type texture
chalcidicum
entrance vestibule of a basilica.
basilica
building for legal and other civic proceedings
tribunal
an elevated platform at the end of nave of basilica on which judges and other magistrates presided over official business.
nave
the central space of a basilica, demarcated from the flanking aisles by a row of columns on each side.
apse
curved end of the room
hypocaust system
floor is raised on brick stilts so hot air can flow into the room
cavea
seating area of theater (semi-circular)
odeum
next to theater, it is a concert hall.
Theater Tectum
official name of odeum at Pompeii, Quinctius Valgus and Marcus Porcius founded
Amphitheater
"double theater", at Pompeii, it was also founded by Quinctus Valgus and Marcus Porcius. It could seate 20,000 spectators and was situated on natural hillsides. It was created with concrete and issued an arena where galdiators fought.
59 CE
Brawl breaks out in Amphitheater between Pompeiians and Nucerians during a gladiateral contest.
velarium
cloth awning
necropolis
city of dead
386 BCE
Gauls descended upon Rome from the North and sacked the city.
Hippodamus of Miletus
Aristotle singled out him as the father of rational city planning.
orthogonal plans (Hippodamian Plan)
the imposition of a strict grid plan on a site, regardless of the terrain, so that all the streets meet at right angles.
Ostia
1st Roman colony in late 4th century BCE. A walled settlement, located at the mouth of the Tiber river. It is rectangular in plan with four gates at cardinal points.
Castrum
typical Roman Military Camp, it became the norm plan of the Mediteranean world.
Insulae
islands
Pompeii
Roman colony incorporated in 79 CE when Mount Vesuvius erupted.
Oscans
Italic tribes occupied Italy at the time of Etruscan ruling over Rome. First to settle at Pompeii
Smanites
Another Italian tribe, took over town from Oscans and expanded the original settlement, giving shape to the city center.
80 bce
Roman ruled Pompeii
thermopolia
hot-food stands
larium
shrine to the 'lares' household God.
cardo
The main north-south street in a Roman city.
Decumnaus
Main east-west street in a Roman city.
forum
public square of a Roman city, often situated at the intersection of the cardo and the decumanus.
lares
Roman household God.
Palaestra
exercise courtyard framed by poritcos.
Porticos
roofed colonnades
natatio
swimming pool in a Roman bathing facility
laconicum
sweating room in a Roman bathing facility
apodyterium
changing room in a Roman bathing facility
frigidarium
the cold-water room in a Roman bathing facility.