16 terms

AP Goverment and Politics Ch. 14-16

Pyramid Srtucture
the president's subordinates report to him throught a clear chain of command headed by the chief of staff
Circular Structure
several of the president's assistance report to him directly
Ad Hoc Structure
several subordinates cabinet officers and committees report directly to the president on different matters
Bully Pulpit
the presdent uses his prestige and visibilty to guide or enthuse the American public
Line-Item Veto
an executive's ability to block a particular provision in a bill passed by the legislative
Discretionary Authority
the extent to which appointed bureaucrats can choose courses of action and make policies that are not spelled out in advance by law
Competitive Service
the government office to which people are appointed on the basis of merit, as ascertained by a written examination or by applyinh certain selective criteria
Issue Network
a network of people in DC- based interest groups, on congressman, staffs, in universities and think tanks, and the mass media, who regularly discuss and advocate policy
Trust Fund
Funds for government programs that are collected and spent outside the regular government budget
Committee Clearance
the ability of a comgress committee to review and approve certain agency decision in advacne and without passing a law
Strict Constructionist Approach
the view that judges should decide cases strictly on the basis of the language of the laws and the constitution
Writ of Certiorari
an order by a higher court directing a lower court to send up a case for review
Class Action Suit
a case brought up by some one to help him or her and all other who are in a similar situation
Amicus Curiae
anyone can write a brief for a judge to read
Concurring Opinion
a signed opinion in which one or more members agree with the majority view but for different reasons
Stare decisis
following a court's decision, allowing prior ruling to control the current case