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Modern World: Trimester 1 Questoins from Quizes (DR K)

This is for Modern World: Trimester 1 Questoins from Quizes (DR K)
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ideologies
systems of though and belief
conservatives
people who supported the old aristocracy
liberals
people who supported natural rights and a republican form of government
autonomy
self rule
conservatives fought against
constitutional government
a liberal was likely to be
a lawyer
liberals wanted governments to be based on
written constitutions
the goal of nationalists was to unify
people with a common national heritage
by 1830 independence was won by
Greece
after being restored to the throne, Louis XVIII issued a constitution the
Charter of France
the French called ___the citizen king
- Louis Philippe -
after the turmoil of the June Days the people elected ___ as president
Louis napoleon
Louis Kossuth
lead Hungarian nationalists in demanding independence
Frankfurt assembly
in the ____German delegates tried to draft a constitution for Germany
how did Charles X incite the revolution in Paris
by ignoring the charter of French Liberties
which of the following contributed to the downfall of Louis Philippe
Soaring Bread prices
How did Louis Napoleon win public approval for his seizure of power
a plebiscite
which work best describes the results of the 1848 revolts in Europe
short lived
what leader of European politics was toppled in the "springtime of the peoples"
Metternich
Haitian leader who lead a successful slave revolt and inspired his people to fight for independence
Toussaint L'Ouverture
Mexican priest who began the long revolt against Spanish rule
Miguel Hidalgo
Mexican mitzedo priest who fought for wide ranging reforms
José Morelos
Creole who completed the Mexican fight for independence and declared himself emperor
Agustín de Iturbide
Latin American Creole who won Latin American independence and set up Gran Colombia
Simón Bolívar
Educated creoles in the 1700s where influenced
enlightenment ideas and revolutions in other lands
father hidalgo's call for independence was taken up by ___ after Hidalgo's death
José Morelos
Simon Bolivar
Helped Argentina win independence from Spain
Bolivar was disappointed when ___ delayed South Americas progress?
violent civil wars
Dom Pedro
became the first leader of an independent Brazil
Bessemer process
operation that produces steel by purifying iron ore
Thomas Edison
made the first light bulb
interchangeable parts
identical components that can be used in place of one another
Gottlieb Daimler
introduce first four-wheeled automobile
corporation
business owned by many investors who buy shares of stocks
the two countries that thrust their way to industrial leadership were
Germany and The united states
the marriage of science and industry
spurred economic growth
one example of a new invention that changed communication is
the telephone
one reason a group of corporations would form a cartel was to
set production quotas
Louis Pasteur
developed a vaccine for rabies
the German doctor ___identified the bacteria that caused tuberculosis
Robert Koch
George Haussmann
destroyed tenement housing and rebuilt the poor areas of Paris
As an army nurse during the Crimean war, ______insisted on better hygiene in field hospitals
Florence Nightengale
the English surgeon ____ insisted that surgeons was their hands before operating
Joseph Lister
why did populations soar between 1800 and 1900?
the death rate fell
why were hospitals in the 1800s considered dangerous places
the risk of infection was high
why did London and Paris invest in new sewer systems?
to combat epidemics of cholera and tuberculosis
which best describes living conditions in the slums
harsh and crowded
what happened to the standard of living for workers in the western world as a result of industrialization
it improved
In the 1830s, Prussia created an economic union among German states called the
Zollverein
Bismarck was the master of ___ when evaluating the needs of the state
realpolitik
Bismarck formed an alliance with Austria in 1846 to seize ___ from Denmark
Schleswig and Holstein
William I
became first Kaiser of the second Reich
German nationalists celebrated the birth of the in January 1871
Second Reich
Napoleon's advances in the early 1800s had the effect of
increasing demands for a united German state
Otto von Bismarck's success in creating German unity was due in part to
strong will
the Franco Prussian war was a struggle over
a growing rivalry between the two nations
Bismarck moved Prussia and France towards was by
editing and releasing the "Ems dispatch"
the constitution of the second Reich set up a two house legislature that
gave real power too the emperor and chancellor
nickname for Otto von Bismarck
iron chancellor
battle for civilization
Kulturkampf
had the most seats in the Reichstag by 1912
social democratic party
asked Bismarck to resign in 1890
William II
how did industrial progress made in 1850s and 1860s help Germany after unification
Germans had founded large companies that served as a base for expansion
how did the German government promote economic development
by lowering tariffs on foreign competition
what was Bismarck's foreign policy goal concerning the French
to keep them weak and isolated
what was the result of Bismarck's kulturkampf
the catholic party gained strength
why did Bismarck's pioneer social reforms in Germany
to woo workers from socialism
how did William II shock Europe
by asking Bismarck to resign
inventor of the seed drill
Jethro Tull
Founder of the Methodist Church
John Wesley
Economist who predicted that the population world outpace the food source
Thomas Malthus
Philosopher who Thought that history was a struggle between classes
Karl marx
Inventor who improved the steam engine
James Watt
Economist who believed that when wages were high, the poor had more children
David Richardo
Thinker who promoted the idea of the "greatest happiness for the greatest number"
Jeremy Bentham
___ were identical components that speeded both assembly and repair because they could be used in place of one another
Interchangeable parts
____ is the belief that one racial group is superior to another
Racism
Protestant churches in Europe and the United States urged their worshipers to become involved in a movement to help others known as the__
Social Gospal
Artist who were part of a movement called __ aimed to excite strong emotions with their work
romanticism
What was an artistic movement that attempted to represent the world as it was
Realism
A way of organizing workers and machines in order to assemble a finished product efficiently
assembly line
A business owned by stockholders
corporation
The right to vote
suffrage
The idea that the fittest would always beat out their competitors, whether in war or industry
Social Darwinism
A style of painting that tries to capture the fleeting effects of light on an object
impression
British engineer who invented a process to produce steel
Henry Bessemer
French doctor who proved the "germ theory"
Louis Pasteur
American architect who designed skyscrapers
Louis Sullivan
Quaker school teacher who developed modern atomic theory
John Dalton
A realist English writer who portrayed the lives of slum dwellers
Charles Dickens
What helped British farmers increase food production in the 1700's
Improved farm machinery
Who was most likely to support the idea that society should be based on cooperation instead of competition
Robert Owen
There were few wealthy business people while the majority of the people were poor- were the conditions during the Industrial Revolution that supported the idea of ____
Karl Marx
Wealthy landowners increased food production by ____ during the agricultural revolution in the 1700's
practicing enclosure
which of the following statements regarding workers in the mines and factories during the revolution is true
their working conditions were dangerous and inhumane
which group benefited the mot from the IR
the middle class
the idea that the goal of society should be "the greatest happiness for the greatest number" of its citizens was a philosophy by ____
the utilitarianism
which of the following characteristics was the most highly regarded by the middle class during the 1800s
respectability
an example of a romantic painting might be a___
landscape showing a violent storm
which of the following countries were the worlds industrial leaders in the 1900s
Germany and the United States
which of the following new features of city life in the late 1800s had the greatest impact on the poor
sewage systems
the saying "a woman's place is in the home" reflected the values of which of the following groups in the 1850s
the middle class
Darwin challenged traditional beliefs by asserting that ____
all forms of life evolved over millions of years ago
the romantic movement in art and literature was a reaction against ___
the enlightenment