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BJU World History Fourth 4th Edition Chapter 3
Terms in this set (51)
An early civilization in the Aeagean region based on the island of Crete. Established trade with the Fertile Crescent and Egypt
Early Greek civilization on the mainland of Greece, borrowed heavily from the Minoan civilization
Invaders that conquered the Mycenaean civilization around 1200 BC
The island on which the Minoan civilization lived.
Greek poet that wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey.
Played a dominant role in shaping culture. Stories of gods and goddesses that explained natural phenomena.
In Greek mythology, king of gods and men, ruler of Mount Olympus.
Olympic games were held in his honor
Greek City States
Cities that were isolated by geography, so they became independent.
City-state, the basic political unit of Greece
A fortified structure on a hill
Rule by one
Rule of a few
Government headed by a tyrant who gained complete control of it - usually by force
Rule by the people
Greek city state known for its warriors.
Original Spartans who were enslaved by the Dorians
A league of Greek city-states led by Sparta with the intention of thwarting the goals of the Athenian democracy
Greek city state known for its freedoms and creativity.
A Greek chief magistrate elected from the nobility.
An Archon that instituted reforms that helped the common man.
Persians expanded into Asia minor under King Darius and Xerxes. Although the Greeks were not able to defeat the Persians, they still were able to hold them back enough to stay independent.
Battle of Thermopolyae
Battle at a mountain pass. 300 Spartans were left to guard the pass. They fought to the death.
A period of Greek history from 460-429 BC. Named after an influential leader of Athens. During this time there were huge advances in art, culture, thought, drama, science, literature, and architecture. During this time all men were able to participate in the democratic government equally.
Leader of Athens from 460-429 BC.
His government was a democracy.
Under his rule there were huge advances in art, culture, thought, drama, science, literature, and architecture.
War between Athens and her Allies, and Sparta and her allies.
Important result is that it created political disunity in Greece.
Alexander the Great
Assumed the throne at age 20.
Taught by Aristotle, and subsequently loved Greek culture.
Carried Greek culture to the far eastern world as he conquered the known world.
Formal study of human thought and culture
Men who sought answers to the basic questions of life through human reasoning ability
Father of Philosophy.
Sought to explain the origin of the universe.
Motto: "Know thyself."
Lived in Athens during its Golden Age.
Devoted his life to seeking truth and teaching men how to conduct their lives.
Believed truth could be attained by reasoning. Virtue was knowledge and ignorance produced evil.
He was made to commit suicide.
Plato was the pupil of Socrates. He taught Aristotle
Established a school of philosophy and science called The Academy.
He discussed the nature of true reality.
Argued that everything on earth is a mere shadow of something in another realm.
The absence of government
He was taught by Plato
Alexander the Great was his pupil.
Best remembered for his works on logic.
Created the idea of syllogism.
Philosophy that teaches that true happiness comes only as a man frees himself from fear and pain.
The affairs of men and the universe are ordered by fixed laws.
Men must accept his fate and live a life of duty and self-control.
These philosophies had a greater impact on the Roman world than the Hellenistic world.
Father of geometry.
Founded a school of mathematics in Alexandria, Egypt. His textbook elements continue to be the basis for geometry books today.
Greek astronomer and geographer.
Determined circumference of the globe.
Formulated the longitude and latitude.
Derived from the Greek word meaning inquiry. The Greek believed they could learn lessons from the past to help them improve the present.
Father of History.
Wrote the history of the Persian Wars. He hoped to preserve the deeds of men from decay.
He tended to embellish his histories.
Historian of the Peloponnesian war.
A contemporary of Herodotus.
A writer of tragedy in drama.
A writer of comedy in drama.
the most spectacular temple in athens
Leading commercial center of the early mainland Aegean civilization
Spartan way of life
Dorian, Ionic, Corinthian
Types of Greek columns (architecture).
The 4 year interval between the Greek games.
Threatened Greek culture and isolation in the Fifth century BC
Father of Medicine
Played a critical role in the development of Greek history.
The number of centuries before Christopher Columbus that Greeks believed the the earth was round
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