28 terms

HISTORY & GEOGRAPHY 702 SELF TEST 1

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Which of the following does not control climate?
agriculture
The distance between the earth and the sun is about_____________.
93 million miles
The rotation of the earth around its own axis takes __________.
24 hours
How many days does it take the earth to revolve around the sun?
365 1/4
The earth's axis is not perpendicular but is tilted at _______.
23 1/2*
The North Pole is farthest from the sun on ___________.
December 21
The dates on which both poles are equally distant from the sun are ________________________.
September 23 and March 21
In the Northern Hemisphere the longest day of the year is __________.
June 21
On June 21 the sun's most direct rays strike the earth at _____________.
Tropic of Cancer
In the Northern Hemisphere the shortest day of the year is _____________.
December 21
How often does leap year count?
every 4 years
Three parts of the atmosphere are the __________,__________, and __________.
ionosphere, stratosphere, troposphere
The elements of climate are ___________, _________, and __________.
temperature, pressure, moisture
The highest point above sea level is ____________and the lowest point below sea level is the _____________.
Mt. Everest, Mariana Trench
The study of the earth atmosphere is called ___________.
meteorology
_________ geography is the study of a society's activities, beliefs, institutions, and behavior patterns.
Cultural
_________ geography is the study of city growth and decline.
Urban
Two kind of erosion that change landforms, and hence the earth's surface, are weathering, also called _______ erosion and ________ erosion.
land, stream
A name for average weather is _________.
climate
The ________ Circle is 23 1/2 degree south of the North Pole while the __________ Circle is the same distance north of the South Pole.
Arctic, Antarctic
Tropic of Cancer
23 1/2 degrees north of the equator
circumference around poles
24,860 miles
Tropic of Capricorn
23 1/2 degrees south of the equator
solstice
equal day
equinox
equal night
circumference around equator
24,902 miles
Why do the polar regions have six months of day and six months of night? (5 points)
The tilt of the earth points the poles away from the sun in alternate seasons. The sun never rises in the winter at the North Pole nor sets in the summer. The opposite is true at the South Pole.
What is the shape of the earth? (5 points)
The earth is an imperfect sphere. It is slightly flattened at the poles and bulges at the equator.
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