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CRJU 313 Test 4 2011
Reasons for increase time of incarceration over the years?
What are the mail factors regarding sentencing?
1) Seriousness of Offense
2) Prior Record
If convicted you must serve the a set amount of no matter what?
Mandatory Minimum Sentences
Different ways states have Mandatory Minimum Sentences?
1) 3 Strikes
-------3 serious offenses
2) 2 Strikes laws
Who invokes LWOP 3 strike laws?
Who invokes 2 strikes LWOP?
Mandatory LWOP no invoke
Why are prison time getting longer?
What are some problems with LWOP?
1) defendants hold out for trial, and court gets backed up.
2)Some people deserve a break
3) Prison is expensive
Who in the courtroom work group affect sentencing?
-Prosecutor (most powerful)
-judges (final authority)
What are different types of sentencing?
3) Public Service Work
What is the primary alternative to incarceration?
How many people in the US are on probation?
What is a type of probation?
Restrictions of Probation?
1) no drugs
2) Specific Standards
3) Intensive Probation
4) Electronic Monitoring
5) House Arrest
6) Community Service
In SC what is you maximum time you can be sentenced to, in order to stay in county jail?
90 days, 91 you are moved to prison
What percentage of prison inmates are male?
Female prison population is rising!
What is the cost of a new prison.
$100,000 per cell
How much annually does it cost to incarcerate a prisoner?
What is intermediate sentencing?
based on behavior.
What is determinate sentencing?
10 years you can serve it all, but you can still get released on good behavior.
two types of parole offenses?
--may get good time credit
---parole maybe revoked if defendants violates parole standards.
-must max out sentences and cannot get parole. 85% is max out.
What is the federal high security prisons?
What types of penitentiaries are there?
1- Administrative Maximums
2- Middle Security
What is a federal prison camp?
What is the highest US Pens security prisons?
What are the types of state prisons?
If you are arguing the death penalty what amendment are you arguing?
Who cannot receive the death penalty?
1- younger than 18 when the crime was committed
2- Mentally retarded
3- incompetent prisoners
- but if you can be made competent you can be executed
state and federal governments have their own death penalty rules
Some states have death penalty rules but they do not use them
What to area's in the US carry out the most executions?
south and the west
how many people are on death row ?
What are the characteristics of the average death row inmate?
If the defendant is black and the victim is white, they are more likely to receive death row?
Offender- Victim Racial Dyad.
What type of trial is a death penalty trial?
What does the bifurcated trial consist of ?
How long of a break in a bifurcated trial, between a guilt verdict and sentence phase?
What consist of the sentence phase in a death row case?
Jury decides if the recommend LWOP or Death
If convicted of a certain crime, they automatically get the death penalty?
Mandatory Death Penalty
What is the supreme courts view of mandatory Death Penalty?
They say its inhumane
What is the purpose of an appeal
to correct errors at the lower court level?
What can the defendant appeal?
1) guilty plea
Does each state have an appellate court?
What makes up the multi layer appellate court system?
-Intermediate court of appeals
-mandatory appellate jurisdiction
-Discretionary appellat jurisdiction
The US supreme court is what type of appellate court
What does the US supreme court issue if they want to hear the case?
Writ of Certiori.
What is filed by inmates requesting an appeal?
how many have to agree to issue a writ of cert in the US supreme court?
4 out of 5
How many members must agree to overturn a conviction in the US supreme court?
5 out of 9
What are the US supreme court hearing fact of?
Law NOT guilt
Fact of law question ?
-trial judge ruled on something improper
- somewhere there was an error
Types of errors in court?
---big enough to overturn the case
--- There was an error but it did not affect the overall hearing.
What cannot be appealed?
the question of facts.