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chapter 36 in american pageant 13th edition

Americans feared that the end of World War II would bring

a return to the depression

The Taft-Harley Act delivered a major blow to labor by

outlawing "closed" (all-union) shops.

The passage of the Servicemen's Readjustment Act (GI Bill of Rights) was partly motivated by

fear that the labor markets could not absorb millions of discharged veterans.

The Taft-Hartley Act of 1947 was passed to check the growing power of

labor unions.

The growth of organized labor in the post-WWII era was slowed by all of the following except

the reduced number of women in the work force.

In an effort to forestall an economic downturn, the Truman administration did all of the following except

continue wartime wage and price controls.

The post-World War II prosperity in the United States was most beneficial to


One striking consequence of the postwar economic boom was

a vast expansion of the homeowning middle class.

The long economic boom from World War II to the 1970s was fueled primarily by

reduced military expenditures.

Much of the prosperity of the 1950s and 1960s rested on the underpinnings of

colossal military budgets.

One sign of the stress that the widespread post-World War II geographic mobility placed on American families was the

popularity of advice books on child-rearing.

The dramatically reduced number of American farms and farmers in the postwar era was accompanied by

spectacular gains in American agricultural productivity and food growing.

Since 1945, population in the United States has grown most rapidly in the


Much of the Sunbelt's new prosperity was based on its

tremendous influx of money from the federal government.

All of the following encouraged many Americans to move to the suburbs except

development of fuel-efficient automobiles.

Which of the following did not contribute to the rapid rise of suburbia in post-WWII America?

the environment crisis.

By 1960, the proportion of Americans who lived in areas classified as metropolitan suburbs was approximately

one out of four (25%).

The continued growth of the suburbs led to

an increase in urban poverty.

Population distribution after World War II followed a pattern of

an urban-suburban segregation of blacks and whites in major metropolitan areas.

The refusal of the Federal Housing Authority to grant home loans to blacks contributed to

all of the above.

The huge postwar "baby boom" reached its peak in the

late 1950s

Before he was elected Vice President of the United States in 1944, Harry S Truman had served as all of the following except

secretary of the navy.

Harry Truman possessed all of the following personal characteristics except

willingness to admit mistakes.

In early 1945, the United States was eager to have the Soviet Union participate in the projected invasion of Japan because

Soviet help could reduce the number of American casualties.

The origins of the Cold War lay in a fundamental disagreement between the United States and the Soviet Union over postwar arrangements in

Eastern Europe.

The United States and the Soviet Union resembled one another in that they

had been largely isolated from world affairs and practiced an ideological "missionary" foreign policy.

Unlike the failed League of Nations, the new United Nations

was established in a spirit of cooperation before the war's actual end.

The earliest and most serious failure of the United Nations involved its inability to

control atomic energy, especially the manufacture of weapons.

The victorious World War II Allies quickly agreed that

Nazism should be destroyed in Germany and high-ranking Nazis should be tried and punished for war crimes.

When the Soviet Union denied the United States, Britain, and France access to Berlin in 1948, President Truman responded by

organizing a gigantic airlift of supplies to Berlin.

Soviet specialist George F. Kennan framed a coherent approach for America in the Cold War by advising a policy of


America's postwar containment policy was based on the assumption that the Soviet Union was fundamentally

expansionist but cautious.

The immediate crisis that prompted the announcement of the Truman Doctrine was related to the threat of a communist takeover in

Greece and Turkey.

Under the Truman Doctrine, the United States pledged to

support those who were resisting subjugation by communists.

Match each postwar American program below with its primary purpose.

A-3, B-4, C-1, D-2

A leading American theologian who urged a vigorous American foreign policy and a return to Christian foundations was

Paul Tillich.

President Truman's Marshall Plan called for

substantial financial assistance to rebuild Western Europe.

The Marshall Plan succeeded in reviving Europe's economy and thwarting the large internal Communist parties threatening to take over

Italy and France.

President Truman risked American access to Middle Eastern oil supplies when he

recognized the new Jewish state of Israel.

American membership in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization did all of the following for the country except

reduce our defense expenditures, since we would get help from other countries.

The United States' participation in NATO

all of the above.

Postwar Japan

had its military leaders tried for war crimes, as had occurred in Germany.

Which of the following was not true of the new Japanese government installed by General Douglas MacArthur in 1946?

it joined an American military alliance to prevent the spread of communism in East Asia.

Jiang Jieshi and the Nationalist government lost the Chinese civil war to the communists and Mao Ze-dong mainly because

Jiang lost the support and confidence of the Chinese people.

In an effort to detect communists within the federal government, President Harry Truman established the

Loyalty Review Board.

In 1948, many southern Democrats split from their party to support Governor J. Strom Thurmond because

President Truman took a strong stand in favor of civil rights.

Match each 1948 presidential candidate below with his political party.

A-3, B-1, C-2, D-4

President Truman's domestic legislative plan was dubbed the

Fair Deal.

President Truman's action upon hearing of the invasion of South Korea illustrated his commitment to a foreign policy of


NSC-68 called for

a massive increase in military spending.

The NSC-68 document reflected the American belief

in the limitless capabilities of the American economy and society.

President Harry Truman relieved General Douglas MacArthur from command of United Nations troops in Korea when

MacArthur began to take issue publicly with presidential policies.

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