PRAXIS II Art Content Knowledge
Terms in this set (40)
Elements to consider when looking at a painting
Composition, Movement, Unity & Balance, Color & Light/Dark Contrast, Mood
Venus of Willendorf
25,000 to 20,000 B.C.; one of the earliest known human figures
Mayans create Classic culture
Hagia Sophia Built
Irish Monks illuminate manuscripts
African bronze sculpture made by lost-wax casting method
Romanesque churches built
Gothic style reigns
Giotto paints frescoes in Padua
Icons dominate Byzantine art
Carter discovers Tut's tomb
Freestanding sculpture developed
Cave Painting at Lascaux, France
c. 15,000-13,000 B.C.
Predominant art form of Mesopotamia that frequently pictured the king's personal courage during hunting expeditions
Crowned "The navel of the world" by King Nebuchadnezzar; site of Hanging Gardens and Tower of Babel
Palace of Sargon II
City above Nineveh in Mesopotamia, covered 25 acres. Destroyed around 600 B.C.
Special branch of the science of archeology, reconstructs Egyptian civilization from the huge storehouse of surviving antiquities
"Fowling Scene" from the tomb of Nebamun Thebes
Prince Rahotep and Wife Nofret
Mask of King Tutankhamen
Geometric Style of Vase Painting
Earliest Grecian style of vase design (c. 800 B.C.), figures and ornaments were primarily geometric shapes
Black figured style of vase painting
Grecian style of vase design during Archaic period, black forms stood out against reddish-clay background
Red figured style of vase painting
Grecian style of vase design during Archaic period, started around 530 B.C., reversed black figured style of vase painting; red figures on black background
Nike of Samothrace
c. 190 B.C.
Ideal proportions of Greek statues represented
perfection of body (through athletic endeavor) and mind (through intellectual debate)
Greek marble sculptures were embellished with
colored encaustic, mixture of powdered pigment and hot wax applied to to hair, lips, eyes and nails of the figure
500-432 B.C./most famous Athenian sculptor, overseer of Parthenon statuary, first used drapery to reveal body
450-420 B.C./ rival of Phidias, wrote book on proportion; most celebrated work colossal gold and ivory statue of Hera at Argos
mid 4th century B.C./ Athenian sculptor famous for first entirely nude Aphrodite statue; introduced more sensual, natural concept of physical beauty.
Greek Art Styles
Geometric, Archaic, Kouros/Kore, Severe Style, Classical Art, Hellenistic Art
(9th-8th Century B.C.) pottery ornamented with geometric banding and friezes of simplified animals, humans
(600-480 B.C.) period includes kouros stone figures and vase painting.
Nude male youth & clothed maiden, respectively; earliest (625-480 B.C.) free-standing statues of human figures; frontal stance, left foot forward clenched fists and grimace known as "Archaic smile"
early phase of Classical sculpture characterized by reserved, remote expressions
(480-323 B.C.) peak of Greek art and architecture, idealized figures exemplify order and harmony
(323-31 B.C.) Greek derived style, found in Asia Minor, Mesopotamia, Egypt; more melodramatic (as in "Laocoon", 50 B.C.) than Classical Style