The American Colonies and Their Government
Terms in this set (59)
A government in which citizens hold the power to rule.
A form of democracy in which the people vote firsthand.
A government in which citizens choose a smaller group to govern on their behalf.
A representative democracy in which citizens choose their lawmakers
King gants trial by jury and agrees not to impose new taxes without consent of the barons. First document imposed upon a King of England in an attempt to limit his powers by law and protect their rights.
The principal that a ruler or a government is not all-powerful; a government that can do only what the people allow it to do.
A group of people that makes laws.
English Bill of Rights
English colonists were entitled to all the righs of freeborn Englishment. Signaled the end of the struggle between Parliament and the monarch.
England's Legislture or law making body.
Petition of Right
The right to petition means the ability of citizens to address their concerns to their government without retribution.
An agreement among people in a society with a government. Community agrees to obey ruler, ruler agrees to protect the community and individual rights.
John Locke - Natural Rights
Guaranttes the basic rights of life, liberty, and property.
Application of reason to question superstition, tradition, and authority.
The Social Contract ~ "Man is born free, yet everywhere found in chains." People have the right to decide how they should be governed. Legislative power belongs to the PEOPLE! Man is born free yet everywhere he is found in chains.
Baron de Montesquieu
Believed the power of the government should be divided into branches. No one branch should become too strong and threaten people's rights. The Separations of Power A group that makes the laws, a group that enforced the law and a group that interprets the law
Inherited lands from his father
Served in the Justice system in France
Helped to hear cases and even administer punishments including torture.
People should have liberty
Freedom of religion and trade
Those British colonies that formed the original 13 states of the United States: New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.
The ship in which the Pilgrims sailed from Southampton to the New World in 1620.
Before leaving their ship, the Mayflower, all the mean on board agreed to a set of rules to govern themselves. The first established Direct Democracy in colonies.
The first permanent English settlement in North America.
House of Burgesses
Marked the beginning of self-government.
Workers who contracted with American colonists for food and shelter in return for their labor.
One who opposes official or commonly held views.
A person who journeys, especially a long distance, to some sacred place as an act of religious devotion.
A system for making choices about ways to use scarce resources to make and distribute goods and services to fulfill people's needs and wants.
A plan for government.
New England Colonies
The colonies of Connecticut, Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Massachusetts, and Province of New Hampshire.
The colonies of Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, and Delaware.
A crop produced mainly for sale.
A large estate.
To be useful or profitable to.
The quality or state of being free.
French & Indian War
As the colonies grew, they expanded westward. By the 1750s, British colonists were moving into areas also claimed by France. The increasing tensions soon led to war. In 1754, French forces joined with some Native American groups. Together they drove British colonists from land west of the Appalachian Mountains.
A document, issued by a sovereign or state, outlining the conditions under which a corporation, colony, city, or other corporate body is organized, and defining its rights and privileges.
A tax on something.
An official, formal public announcement.
The refusal to purchase certain goods or services.
This act required every official document, newspaper, or pahphlet in the colonies to have an expensive government stamp.
To cancel a law.
The act of importing or exporting secretly, in violation of law and especially without paying duty on goods.
Declaration by the British Parliament that accompanied the repeal of the Stamp Act.
Placed a new tax on paper, paint, glass, lead and tea. These common goods were shipped to the colonies from Britian.
Boston Tea Party
The event in which a group of colonists, dressed as American Indians, boarded the ship at night and threw its chests of tea into the harbor in protest.
The Tea Act
An act of the British Parliament (1773) that created a monopoly unfair to American tea merchants: the chief cause of the Boston Tea Party.
These laws were meant to punish Massachusetts—and especially Boston—for resisting Great Britain's rule. They were so harsh that the colonists called them the Intolerable Acts. Some of the laws violated the English Bill of Rights that the colonists held so dear.
A representative to a meeting.
First Continental Congress
In September 1774, delegates, or representatives, from 12 colonies met in Philadelphia to plan a united response to the Coercive Acts. Although the group did not pass laws like Congress does today. Instead, the delegates discussed what to do about the colonies' issues with Great Britain. They decided to send a letter to the king. In it they would ask that Britain respect the colonists' rights as British citizens. They also organized a total boycott of British goods and a ban on all trade with Britain. They agreed to meet again in the spring if British policies had not improved.
Second Continental Congress
The first "blows" had been struck when the delegates met again in May 1775. In April, British troops and colonial militiamen had fought at Lexington and Concord, in Massachusetts. Congress had to decide whether to continue working towards peace or to split with Great Britain. This time the Congress acted as a governing body for the colonies. Not every member favored a split with Great Britain. Some delegates remained loyal to Britain and the king. Others feared that the colonies could not defeat Great Britain in a war. For months, Congress debated what to do. Approved the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. John Hancock, the president of the Congress, was first to sign it.
Thomas Paine's Common Sense Pamphlet
Argued that the colonists received little benefit from their connection iwth Great Britian. Urged the colonists to seek independence.
Ben Franklin's Join or Die
Political Cartoon - It is a woodcut showing a snake cut into eighths, with each segment labeled with the initials of one of the thirteen American colonies or region.
Declaration of Independence
The public act by which the Second Continental Congress, on July 4, 1776, declared the Colonies to be free and independent of England.
Was the 18th century monarch who lost the fight to keep control over the American colonies. He was known as a tyrant and his fierce reaction to the challenge of British rule and his making an example of the colonists, caused him to extend the conflict beyond reason.
The Declaration of Independence Committee
The committee consisted of John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Robert Livingston, and Roger Sherman. The committee chose Jefferson to write the document.
Evident or known with proof or reasoning, obvious.
Cannot be bought, sold, or transferred from one individual to another. These are rights given to you by GOD.
Power or influence over other people or groups; person or persons having the power of government.
England believed in Mercantilism. A Country must sell more goods than it buys. This is good business sense.
England forced the Colonies to Buy more from England than they sell. This would help England but hurt the Colonies.
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